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Veterinary DNA viruses

Section Editor: Klaus Osterrieder, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany 
Deputy Section Editor: Gerlinde Van de Walle, Cornell University, USA ​​​​​​​

The Veterinary DNA viruses section of Virology Journal covers research on DNA viruses of non-human animals, including food, companion, and wild animal species. Both reviews and original research papers on viral structure, function and genetics will be considered as well as articles focusing on viral pathogenesis, virus-host interactions, vaccines, and antiviral therapeutics.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is one of the main infectious causative agents of abortion in mares and can also be associated with stillbirth, neonatal foal death, rhinopneumonitis in young horses and a neur...

    Authors: Anna Karolina Matczuk, Małgorzata Skarbek, Natalia Anna Jackulak and Barbara Anna Bażanów

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:186

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  2. Content type: Research

    The emergence in 2014 and persistence of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Lithuania has been linked to infected wild boar movement and close contact with the carcasses of other infected wild boars. Over time the n...

    Authors: Arnoldas Pautienius, Juozas Grigas, Simona Pileviciene, Ruta Zagrabskaite, Jurate Buitkuviene, Gediminas Pridotkas, Rolandas Stankevicius, Zaneta Streimikyte, Algirdas Salomskas, Dainius Zienius and Arunas Stankevicius

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:177

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  3. Content type: Research

    Pig diarrhea causes high mortality and large economic losses in the swine industry. Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes pig diarrhea, with 100% mortality in piglets less than 2 weeks old. No inve...

    Authors: Lu Xia, Yunhan Yang, Jialu Wang, Yuchao Jing and Qian Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:102

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  4. Content type: Research

    Avian keratin disorder (AKD) is an epizootic of debilitating beak deformities, first documented in black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) in Alaska during the late 1990s. Similar deformities have now been...

    Authors: Maxine Zylberberg, Caroline Van Hemert, Colleen M. Handel and Joseph L. DeRisi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:100

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  5. Content type: Research

    Goose parvovirus (GPV) causes acute enteritis, hepatitis, myocarditis and high morbidity and mortality in geese and ducks. GPV H strain was isolated from a Heilongjiang goose farm where the geese were showing ...

    Authors: Yinjie Niu, Lili Zhao, Baihan Liu, Jingli Liu, Fan Yang, Haichang Yin, Hong Huo and Hongyan Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:27

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  6. Content type: Research

    The occurrence of the novel porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) was reported from the Americas, Asia and Europe. Although this virus was detected in association with various clinical syndromes in pigs, its role a...

    Authors: Robert Fux, Christina Söckler, Ellen Kathrin Link, Christine Renken, Roman Krejci, Gerd Sutter, Mathias Ritzmann and Matthias Eddicks

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:25

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  7. Content type: Research

    Porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) is an immunosuppressive virus that mainly inhibits T-lymphocyte and macrophage immune functions; it has significantly damaged the farming industry. Although recent studies have s...

    Authors: Xiao Liu, Haoche Wei, Shan Liao, Jianheng Ye, Ling Zhu and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:16

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  8. Content type: Research

    Aleutian mink disease has major economic consequences on the mink farming industry worldwide, as it causes a disease that affects both the fur quality and the health and welfare of the mink. The virus causing ...

    Authors: P. Ryt-Hansen, E. E. Hagberg, M. Chriél, T. Struve, A. G. Pedersen, L. E. Larsen and C. K. Hjulsager

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:231

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  9. Content type: Research

    Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is an emerging disease in swine. Pigs with PMWS are often infected with a variety of other pathogens, including bacteria, viruses and mycoplasm, in addition to...

    Authors: Shuqing Liu, Wentao Li, Yang Wang, Changqin Gu, Xiaoli Liu, Catherine Charreyre, Shenxian Fan and Qigai He

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:227

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  10. Content type: Short Report

    Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), as an emerging circovirus species, was reported to be widely circulating in the United States, China, South Korea and Poland. Previous studies revealed that PCV3 was mainly co...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Ben M. Hause, Tao Lin, Runxia Liu, Qin-Ling Chen, Wen-Kang Wei, Dian-Hong Lv, Xiao-Hui Wen, Feng Li and Dan Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:222

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  11. Content type: Research

    Polyomaviruses infect a wide variety of mammalian and avian hosts with a broad spectrum of outcomes including asymptomatic infection, acute systemic disease, and tumor induction.

    Authors: Dunwu Qi, Tongling Shan, Zhijian Liu, Xutao Deng, Zhihe Zhang, Wenlei Bi, Jacob Robert Owens, Feifei Feng, Lisong Zheng, Feng Huang, Eric Delwart, Rong Hou and Wen Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:207

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  12. Content type: Research

    African swine fever (ASF) is a re-expanding devastating viral disease currently threatening the pig industry worldwide. MicroRNAs are a class of 17–25 nucleotide non- coding RNAs that have been shown to have c...

    Authors: Fernando Núñez-Hernández, Lester Josué Pérez, Marta Muñoz, Gonzalo Vera, Francesc Accensi, Armand Sánchez, Fernando Rodríguez and José I. Núñez

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:198

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  13. Content type: Research

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a very small, non-enveloped and icosahedral virus, with circular single stranded DNA genome. This virus is the most ubiquitous and persistent pathogen currently affecting th...

    Authors: Victor Neira, Natalia Ramos, Rodrigo Tapia, Juan Arbiza, Andrónico Neira-Carrillo, Manuel Quezada, Álvaro Ruiz and Sergio A. Bucarey

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:191

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  14. Content type: Research

    Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is an important disease causing agent affecting psittacines. BFDV is highly infectious and can present as acute, chronic or subclinical disease. The virus causes immunodef...

    Authors: Guy L. Regnard, Edward P. Rybicki and Inga I. Hitzeroth

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:174

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  15. Content type: Research

    Salmon are paramount to the economy, ecology, and history of the Pacific Northwest. Viruses constitute one of the major threats to salmon health and well-being, with more than twenty known virus species that i...

    Authors: Negar Makhsous, Nicole L. Jensen, Katherine H. Haman, William N. Batts, Keith R. Jerome, James R. Winton and Alexander L. Greninger

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:170

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  16. Content type: Research

    Aleutian Mink Disease (AMD) is an infectious disease of mink (Neovison vison) and globally a major cause of economic losses in mink farming. The disease is caused by Aleutian Mink Disease Virus (AMDV) that belong...

    Authors: P. Ryt-Hansen, C.K. Hjulsager, E.E. Hagberg, M. Chriél, T. Struve, A.G. Pedersen and L.E. Larsen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:119

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  17. Content type: Research

    Viruses interact with host cellular factors to construct a more favourable environment for their efficient replication. Expression of cyclophilin B (CypB), a cellular peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase),...

    Authors: Kui Zhao, Jida Li, Wenqi He, Deguang Song, Ximu Zhang, Di Zhang, Yanlong Zhou and Feng Gao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:114

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  18. Content type: Research

    Avian rotaviruses (RVs) cause gastrointestinal diseases of birds worldwide. However, prevalence, diversity, epidemiology and phylogeny of RVs remain largely under-investigated in Africa.

    Authors: Maude Pauly, Oluwole O. Oni, Aurélie Sausy, Ademola A. Owoade, Christopher A. O. Adeyefa, Claude P. Muller, Judith M. Hübschen and Chantal J. Snoeck

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:111

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  19. Content type: Research

    Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection causes immunosuppression in chickens and increases their susceptibility to secondary infections. To explore the interaction between host and IBDV, RNA-Seq was a...

    Authors: Changbo Ou, Qiuxia Wang, Yanhong Zhang, Weili Kong, Shouping Zhang, Yan Yu, Jinyou Ma, Xingyou Liu and Xianghui Kong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:93

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  20. Content type: Review

    Parvoviruses are small, non-enveloped viruses with an approximately 5.0 kb, single-stranded DNA genome. Usually, the parvovirus capsid gene contains one or more nuclear localization signals (NLSs), which are r...

    Authors: Peng Liu, Shun Chen, Mingshu Wang and Anchun Cheng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:80

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  21. Content type: Research

    Lethal Duck Enteritis Virus (DEV) infection can cause high morbidity and mortality of many species of waterfowl within the order Anseriformes. However, little is known about the function of viral genes includi...

    Authors: Ying Wu, Yangguang Li, Mingshu Wang, Kunfeng Sun, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Qiao Yang, Xinxin Zhao, Xiaoyue Chen and Anchun Cheng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:78

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  22. Content type: Research

    Chicken anemia virus (CAV) causes anemia and immune suppression, which are important diseases in the poultry industry. CAV VP3, also referred as ‘apoptin’, has been shown to selectively kill tumor cells, raisi...

    Authors: Yongqiang Wang, Xiuqing Song, Honglei Gao, Xiaoyan Wang, Yonghao Hu, Yulong Gao, Xiaole Qi, Liting Qin, Huan Lin, Li Gao, Shuai Yao, Chunyan Han, Xiaomei Wang and Hualan Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:38

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  23. Content type: Short report

    Adenoviruses are important pathogens with the potential for interspecies transmission between humans and non-human primates. Although many adenoviruses have been identified in monkeys, the knowledge of these v...

    Authors: Bing Tan, Li-Jun Wu, Xing-Lou Yang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yong-Song Lei, Yong Li, Guo-Xiang Yang, Jing Chen, Guang Chen, Han-Zhong Wang and Zheng-Li Shi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:190

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  24. Content type: Short report

    In several parts of China, there have been a large number of hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) outbreaks caused by serotype 4 fowl adenovirus (FAdV­4) in broiler chickens since 2015. These outbreak-associated FA...

    Authors: Teng Zhang, Qianyue Jin, Peiyang Ding, Yinbiao Wang, Yongxiao Chai, Yafei Li, Xiao Liu, Jun Luo and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:188

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  25. Content type: Research

    This study aimed at reseaching the immune effect of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) DNA vaccine containing CpG motif on mice.

    Authors: Jun Li, Jiang Yu, Shaojian Xu, Jianli Shi, Shengnan Xu, Xiaoyan Wu, Fang Fu, Zhe Peng, Lingling Zhang, Shuxuan Zheng, Xiaoyuan Yuan, Xiaoyan Cong, Wenbo Sun, Kaihui Cheng, Yijun Du, Jiaqiang Wu…

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:185

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  26. Content type: Short report

    Porcine circovirus 2 causes different clinical syndromes resulting in a significant economic loss in the pork industry. Three pigs with unexplained cardiac and multi-organ inflammation that tested negative for...

    Authors: Tung Gia Phan, Federico Giannitti, Stephanie Rossow, Douglas Marthaler, Todd P. Knutson, Linlin Li, Xutao Deng, Talita Resende, Fabio Vannucci and Eric Delwart

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:184

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:87

  27. Content type: Research

    Taiwan has been considered free from canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) based on the last report of canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) surveillance. However, since January 2015, the first report of CPV-2c in a p...

    Authors: Shu-Yun Chiang, Hung-Yi Wu, Ming-Tang Chiou, Min-Chen Chang and Chao-Nan Lin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:160

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  28. Content type: Research

    Most adenoviruses recognize their host cells via an interaction of their fibre head domains with a primary receptor. The structural framework of adenovirus fibre heads is conserved between the different adenov...

    Authors: Thanh H. Nguyen, Mónika Z. Ballmann, Huyen T. Do, Hai N. Truong, Mária Benkő, Balázs Harrach and Mark J. van Raaij

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:106

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  29. Content type: Research

    Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) is the etiological agent of Muscovy duckling parvoviral disease, which is characterized by diarrhea, locomotive dysfunction, stunting, and death in young ducklings, and causes su...

    Authors: Jianye Wang, Yu Huang, Mingxu Zhou, Philip R. Hardwidge and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:104

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  30. Content type: Research

    Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by CSF virus (CSFV) is a highly contagious disease of the pigs. A number of studies have suggested that CSFV non-structural (NS) 5A protein is involved in CSFV-associated pat...

    Authors: Xiao-Ying Dong and Sheng-Qiu Tang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:101

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:135

  31. Content type: Research

    Tiger frog virus (TFV), dsDNA virus of the genus Ranavirus and family Iridoviridae, causes a high mortality of tiger frog tadpoles cultured in Southern China. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified in many virus...

    Authors: Ji-Min Yuan, Yong-Shun Chen, Jian He, Shao-Ping Weng, Chang-Jun Guo and Jian-Guo He

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:73

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  32. Content type: Methodology

    Orf virus (ORFV) is the causative agent of a severe infectious skin disease (also known as contagious ecthyma) in goats, sheep and other small ruminants. Importantly, ORFV also infect humans which causes a pub...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Xiaodong Qin, Guangxiang Wang, Jiaxin Jin, Youjun Shang and Zhidong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:46

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  33. Content type: Research

    Orf is a contagious disease of sheep, goats and wild ungulates caused by orf virus (ORFV) a member of the genus Parapoxvirus, Poxviridae family. Although orf is endemic in Ethiopia, little attention has been g...

    Authors: Esayas Gelaye, Jenna Elizabeth Achenbach, Shiferaw Jenberie, Gelagay Ayelet, Alebachew Belay, Martha Yami, Angelika Loitsch, Reingard Grabherr, Adama Diallo and Charles Euloge Lamien

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:34

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  34. Content type: Research

    Porcine parvovirus (PPV) infection primarily causes reproductive failure of pregnant swine and results in host cell death. Boars, as an important disseminator, shed PPV to sows via semen. PPV infects and numer...

    Authors: Xiaomin Zhao, Hailing Xiang, Xiaoyuan Bai, Naijiao Fei, Yong Huang, Xiangjun Song, Hongling Zhang, Liang Zhang and Dewen Tong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:26

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  35. Content type: Methodology

    Immunosuppressive viruses are frequently found as co-infections in the chicken industry, potentially causing serious economic losses. Because traditional molecular biology methods have limited detection abilit...

    Authors: Tingting Zeng, Zhixun Xie, Liji Xie, Xianwen Deng, Zhiqin Xie, Sisi Luo, Li Huang and Jiaoling Huang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:226

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  36. Content type: Methodology

    Orf virus (ORFV) is the causative agent of Orf (also known as contagious ecthyma or contagious papular dermatitis), a severe infectious skin disease in goats, sheep and other ruminants. The rapid detection of ...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Xiaodong Qin, Guangxiang Wang, Yuen Zhang, Youjun Shang and Zhidong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:206

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  37. Content type: Research

    PCV2 has emerged as one of the most devastating viral infections of swine farming, causing a relevant economic impact due to direct losses and control strategies expenses. Epidemiological and experimental stud...

    Authors: Giovanni Franzo, Martí Cortey, Alex Olvera, Dinko Novosel, Alessandra Marnie Martins Gomes De Castro, Philippe Biagini, Joaquim Segalés and Michele Drigo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:131

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  38. Content type: Short report

    Porcine parvovirus (PPV), a member of the Parvoviridae family, causes great economic loss in the swine industry worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-protein–coding genes that play many diverse and ...

    Authors: Xinqiong Li, Ling Zhu, Xiao Liu, Xiangang Sun, Yuanchen Zhou, Qiaoli Lang, Ping Li, Yuhan Cai, Xiaogai Qiao and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:128

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  39. Content type: Research

    Camel contagious ecthyma (CCE) is an important viral disease of camelids caused by a poxvirus of the genus parapoxvirus (PPV) of the family Poxviridae. The disease has been reported in west and east of the Sudan ...

    Authors: Abdelmalik I. Khalafalla, Ibrahim M. El-Sabagh, Khalid A. Al-Busada, Abdullah I. Al-Mubarak and Yahia H. Ali

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:124

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  40. Content type: Research

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between Torque teno sus virus 1b (TTSuV1b) infection and other viral infections or vaccine immunization in conventional pigs.

    Authors: Zhongsheng Li, Jingxin Qiao, Yonglong He, Yiwen Chen and Guiping Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:125

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  41. Content type: Research

    Porcine circovirus type-2b (PCV2b) is recognized as the etiological agent of the various clinical manifestations of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD). Previous studies have demonstrated effectivene...

    Authors: Jizong Li, Tianqi Yu, Xiaobo Wang, Jinzhu Zhou, Ruxia Gao, Feipeng Zhang, Xing Gao, Song Gao and Xiufan Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:113

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  42. Content type: Research

    Pox and pox-like diseases of camels are a group of exanthematous skin conditions that have become increasingly important economically. Three distinct viruses may cause them: camelpox virus (CMLV), camel parapo...

    Authors: Abdelmalik I Khalafalla, Khalid A Al-Busada and Ibrahim M El-Sabagh

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:102

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  43. Content type: Research

    Mink enteritis virus (MEV) is one of the most important pathogens in the mink industry. Recent studies have shed light into the role of microRNAs (miRNAs), small noncoding RNAs of length ranging from 18–23 nuc...

    Authors: Jia-zeng Sun, Jigui Wang, Shuang Wang, Daoli Yuan, Zhili Li, Bao Yi, Qiang Hou, Yaping Mao and Weiquan Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:210

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  44. Content type: Research

    Porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) is caused by a small pathogenic DNA virus, Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), and is responsible for severe economic losses. PCV2-associated enteritis appears to be a ...

    Authors: Mengfei Yan, Liqi Zhu and Qian Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:193

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  45. Content type: Research

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-associated diseases are a major problem for the swine industry worldwide. In addition to improved management and husbandry practices, the availability of several anti-PCV2 vacc...

    Authors: Sergio A Bucarey, Myriam Pujol, Joaquín Poblete, Ignacio Nuñez, Cecilia V Tapia, Andrónico Neira-Carrillo, Jonatán Martinez and Oliver Bassa

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:149

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