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Virology Journal

Positive-strand RNA viruses

Section Editor: Alexander A Khromykh, University of Queensland, Australia
Deputy Section Editor: Michael Beard, University of Adelaide, Australia

The Positive-strand RNA viruses section of Virology Journal invites submissions of research articles and reviews covering all aspects of positive-strand RNA virus biology. Basic research topics of interest include all facets of the viral life cycle from viral attachment and entry, viral RNA replication and translation, viral gene expression/regulation, viral protein processing, viral particle assembly and secretion. We welcome studies that investigate interactions between the virus and host that impact viral replication and the cellular response to infection. Other topics include but are not limited to viral pathogenesis, epidemiology, and viral immunology. We also welcome basic and translational studies on the development of novel model systems, antiviral drugs and vaccines.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Genotype 3 hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is generally associated with mild disease. However, recently eight genotype 3 HEV isolates were identified from patients with severe hepatitis. Importantly, three m...

    Authors: Dianjun Cao, Yan-Yan Ni and Xiang-Jin Meng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:32

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  2. Content type: Methodology

    Dengue, caused by one of the four serologically distinct dengue viruses (DENV-1 to − 4), is a mosquito-borne disease of serious global health significance. Reliable and cost-effective diagnostic tests, along w...

    Authors: Tesfaye Gelanew and Elizabeth Hunsperger

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:30

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  3. Content type: Research

    Recreational water contaminated with fecal pollution poses a great public health concern, as fecal waste may cause serious waterborne illnesses. Current recreational water standards using fecal indicator bacte...

    Authors: Hui Zhu, Fang Yuan, Zhaokang Yuan, Rong Liu, Fei Xie, Ling Huang, Xiaojun Liu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Jian Wang, Qunying Xu, Zhiqiang Shen, Donghan Liu, Ronghao Zhang and Yuanan Lu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:3

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  4. Content type: Research

    Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) was previously known to enter cells through clathrin or caveolar mediated endocytic pathways. However, we observed chlorpromazine (CPZ) or dynasore (DNS), which inhibit clathrin and...

    Authors: Meichun Yuan, Jingjing Yan, Jingna Xun, Chong Chen, Yuling Zhang, Min Wang, Wenqi Chu, Zhigang Song, Yunwen Hu, Shuye Zhang and Xiaoyan Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:1

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  5. Content type: Research

    Enterovirus (EV) infection has been a serious health issue in Asia-Pacific region. It has been indicated that the occurrence of fatal hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases following EV71 infection is mainly...

    Authors: Yuefei Jin, Chao Zhang, Rongguang Zhang, Jingchao Ren, Shuaiyin Chen, Meili Sui, Guangyuan Zhou, Dejian Dang, Jiehui Zhu, Huifen Feng, Yuanlin Xi, Haiyan Yang and Guangcai Duan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:243

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  6. Content type: Review

    This review summarized the molecular determinants of the acid stability of FMDV in order to explore the uncoating mechanism of FMDV and improve the acid stability of vaccines.

    Authors: Hong Yuan, Pinghua Li, Xueqing Ma, Zengjun Lu, Pu Sun, Xingwen Bai, Jing Zhang, Huifang Bao, Yimei Cao, Dong Li, Yuanfang Fu, Yingli Chen, Qifeng Bai, Jie Zhang and Zaixin Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:233

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  7. Content type: Research

    More than a decade after the outbreak of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) SARS in Guangdong province and Hong Kong SAR of China in 2002, there is still no reoccurrence, but the evolution and recombination of the co...

    Authors: Peilin Liu, Lei Shi, Wei Zhang, Jianan He, Chunxiao Liu, Chunzhong Zhao, Siu Kai Kong, Jacky Fong Chuen Loo, Dayong Gu and Longfei Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:230

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  8. Content type: Research

    The rapid rise and spread in dengue cases, together with the unavailability of safe vaccines and effective antiviral drugs, warrant the need to discover and develop novel anti-dengue treatments. In this study ...

    Authors: Siti Aisyah Abdul Ahmad, Uma D. Palanisamy, Bimo A. Tejo, Miaw Fang Chew, Hong Wai Tham and Sharifah Syed Hassan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:229

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  9. Content type: Review

    Norovirus (NoV) is considered the second leading cause of viral acute gastroenteritis (AGE). To our knowledge, there are no systematic reviews assessing the role of NoV in AGE in the Middle East and North Afri...

    Authors: Khalil Kreidieh, Rana Charide, Ghassan Dbaibo and Nada M. Melhem

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:220

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  10. Content type: Research

    The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome in infected individuals. To obtain insights into the mechanism of ZIKV infection and pathogenesis, we a...

    Authors: Benxia Hu, Yongxia Huo, Liping Yang, Guijun Chen, Minhua Luo, Jinlong Yang and Jumin Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:217

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  11. Content type: Research

    Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the causative agents of hand, foot and mouth disease, which mostly affects infants and children and leads to severe neurological diseases. Vaccination offers the best option for...

    Authors: Ting Yang, Hua Li, Lei Yue, Xia Song, Tianhong Xie, Shaohui Ma, Huaqing Meng, Ye Zhang, Xin He, Runxiang Long, Rong Yang, Fangyu Luo, Zhongping Xie and Qihan Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:206

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  12. Content type: Research

    The need to investigate the contribution of non-polio enteroviruses to acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cannot be over emphasized as we move towards a poliovirus free world. Hence, we aim to identify non-polio en...

    Authors: T. O. C. Faleye, M. O. Adewumi, M. O. Japhet, O. M. David, A. O. Oluyege, J. A. Adeniji and O. Famurewa

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:175

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  13. Content type: Research

    Human pegivirus-1 (HPgV-1) is a member of the Flaviviridae family whose genomic organization and mode of cellular entry is similar to that of hepatitis C virus (HCV). The E2 glycoprotein of HPgV-1 is the principl...

    Authors: Yakov Vitrenko, Iryna Kostenko, Kateryna Kulebyakina and Khrystyna Sorochynska

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:167

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  14. Content type: Research

    Echovirus 30 (E30) causes acute aseptic meningitis. Viral replication requires energy and macromolecular precursors derived from the metabolic network of the host cell. The effect of viral infection within a h...

    Authors: Sarika Tiwari and Tapan N. Dhole

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:144

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:182

  15. Content type: Research

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is transmitted via mosquito bite and potentially by aerosol, causing chikungunya fever and arthritic disease in humans. There are currently no licensed vaccines or antiviral therapeut...

    Authors: Chris M. Cirimotich, Eric M. Vela, Jennifer Garver, Roy E. Barnewall, Brian D. Miller, Gabriel T. Meister and James V. Rogers

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:135

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  16. Content type: Research

    Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) belong to the genus Betacoronavirus of the family Coronaviridae. BCoV are widespread around the world and cause enteric or respiratory infections among cattle, leading to important econo...

    Authors: Matías Castells, Matías Victoria, Rodney Colina, Héctor Musto and Juan Cristina

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:115

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  17. Content type: Research

    We previously reported the discovery of a novel, putative flavivirus designated T’Ho virus in Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. A 1358-nt region of the NS5 gene was amplified a...

    Authors: Thomas Briese, Maria A. Loroño-Pino, Julian E. Garcia-Rejon, Jose A. Farfan-Ale, Carlos Machain-Williams, Karin S. Dorman, W. Ian Lipkin and Bradley J. Blitvich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:110

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  18. Content type: Research

    Zika virus is an emerging pathogen of global importance. It has been responsible for recent outbreaks in the Americas and in the Pacific region. This study assessed five different mosquito species from the tem...

    Authors: Jean-Bernard Duchemin, Peter T. Mee, Stacey E. Lynch, Ravikiran Vedururu, Lee Trinidad and Prasad Paradkar

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:108

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  19. Content type: Research

    Rodents represent the most diverse mammals on the planet and are important reservoirs of human pathogens. Coronaviruses infect various animals, but to date, relatively few coronaviruses have been identified in...

    Authors: Xing-Yi Ge, Wei-Hong Yang, Ji-Hua Zhou, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Zheng-Li Shi and Yun-Zhi Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:98

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