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  1. Content type: Research

    Mycoviruses were recently discovered in the white pine blister rust (WPBR) fungus Cronartium ribicola (J.C. Fisch.). Detection and characterization of their double stranded RNA (dsRNA) would facilitate understand...

    Authors: Jun-Jun Liu, Yu Xiang, Richard A. Sniezko, Anna W. Schoettle, Holly Williams and Arezoo Zamany

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:118

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  2. Content type: Research

    Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) DNA tests are highly sensitive and can triage women with mild lesions, improving the prognosis and diagnosis of cervical lesions. However, additional efficient strategies should be ...

    Authors: Yuejie Li, Jie Liu, Li Gong, Xingwang Sun and Wenbo Long

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:117

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  3. Content type: Research

    Finding new biomarkers for the early detection of cervical cancer is an essential requirement in this field. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression level of potential biomarkers in progression of c...

    Authors: Mahdieh Farzanehpour, Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani, Somayeh Jalilvand, Ebrahim Faghihloo, Setareh Akhavan, Vahid Salimi and Talat Mokhtari Azad

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:116

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  4. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis is difficult to cure but has a high readmission rate due to multiple complications. Our aim was to investigate the diagnostic potential value of plasma diamine...

    Authors: Feng-Cai Li, Yu-Chen Fan, Yue-Kai Li and Kai Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:115

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  5. Content type: Research

    Human papillomavirus type-6 (HPV6) is the major etiological agent of anogenital warts both men and women. The present study aimed to characterize the genetic diversity among HPV6 in Southwest China, and to inv...

    Authors: Zuyi Chen, Qiongyao Li, Jian Huang, Jin Li, Feng Yang, Xun Min and Zehui Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:114

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  6. Content type: Research

    Trichoderma spp. are used extensively in agriculture as biological control agents to prevent soil-borne plant diseases. In recent years, mycoviruses from fungi have attracted increasing attention due to their eff...

    Authors: Chenchen Liu, Mei Li, Estifanos Tsegaye Redda, Jie Mei, Jiantai Zhang, Beilei Wu and Xiliang Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:113

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  7. Content type: Research

    Reverse genetics systems enable the manipulation of viral genomes and therefore serve as robust reverse genetic tools to study RNA viruses. A DNA-launched rescue system initiates the transcription of viral gen...

    Authors: Ruihua Zhang, Jingjing Lan, Haie Li, Junhao Chen, Yupeng Yang, Shaoli Lin, Zhijing Xie and Shijin Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:112

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  8. Content type: Research

    Viral respiratory tract infections are common during early childhood. How they impact cystic fibrosis lung disease history in young children is poorly known. The principal aim o...

    Authors: Mathilde Eymery, Florence Morfin, Anne Doleans-Jordheim, Marie Perceval, Camille Ohlmann, Catherine Mainguy and Philippe Reix

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:111

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  9. Content type: Research

    Iridoviruses are large DNA viruses that cause diseases in fish, amphibians and insects. Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is isolated from cultured grouper and characterized as a ranavirus. ICP46 is defined ...

    Authors: Li-Qun Xia, Jian-Lin Chen, Hong-Lian Zhang, Jia Cai, Sheng Zhou and Yi-Shan Lu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:110

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  10. Content type: Meeting report

    The aim of this article is to summarise the virology content presented at the 9th Lorne Infection and Immunity Conference, Australia, in February 2019. The broad program included virology as a key theme, and t...

    Authors: Gregor Ebert, Prasad N. Paradkar and Sarah L. Londrigan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:109

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  11. Content type: Short report

    Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) causes enzootic bovine leucosis and is widely spread worldwide, except several European countries, Australia and New Zealand. Although BLV is highly prevalent in China, information ...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Lina Chen, Maoli Dong, Wenjiang Huang, Xiaoli Hao, Yalan Peng, Zaicheng Gong, Aijian Qin, Shaobin Shang and Zhangping Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:108

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  12. Content type: Research

    The indicating FTA card is a dry medium used for collection of cervical samples. HPVIR is a multiplex real-time PCR test that detects 12 high-risk human papillomavirus types (hrHPV) and provides single genotyp...

    Authors: Inger Gustavsson, Riina Aarnio, Mattias Myrnäs, Julia Hedlund-Lindberg, Ongeziwe Taku, Tracy Meiring, Ingrid Wikström, Stefan Enroth, Anna-Lise Williamson, Matts Olovsson and Ulf Gyllensten

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:107

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  13. Content type: Research

    Plant viruses can affect vector’s behaviors in order to enhance viral transmission. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (genus Crinivirus) is an emergent RNA plant virus and is transmitted specifically by bio...

    Authors: Shaohua Lu, Mingshun Chen, Jingjing Li, Yan Shi, Qinsheng Gu and Fengming Yan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:106

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  14. Content type: Research

    The gut microbiome is closely associated with the health of the host; although the interaction between the bacterial microbiome and the whole virome has rarely been studied, it is likely of medical importance....

    Authors: Heng Li, Hongzhe Li, Jingjing Wang, Lei Guo, Haitao Fan, Huiwen Zheng, Zening Yang, Xing Huang, Manman Chu, Fengmei Yang, Zhanlong He, Nan Li, Jinxi Yang, Qiongwen Wu, Haijing Shi and Longding Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:105

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  15. Content type: Research

    The high genetic diversity of HIV-1 has been shown to influence the global distribution, disease progression, treatment success, and the development of an effective vaccine. Despite the low HIV prevalence in C...

    Authors: Lem Edith Abongwa, Anthony Kebira Nyamache, Judith Ndongo Torimiro, Paul Okemo and Fokunang Charles

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:103

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  16. Content type: Research

    Dengue virus (DENV) infection is one of the biggest challenges for human health in the world. In addition, a secondary DENV infection sometimes causes dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which frequently leads to ...

    Authors: Keita Suzuki, Emi E. Nakayama, Akatsuki Saito, Akio Egawa, Tairyu Sato, Juthamas Phadungsombat, Rummana Rahim, Abu Hasan, Hisahiko Iwamoto, Mizanur Rahman and Tatsuo Shioda

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:102

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  17. Content type: Research

    Current HCV treatments are genotype specific although potential pan-genotype treatments have recently been described. Therefore, genotyping is an essential tool for the therapeutic management of HCV infection ...

    Authors: Paul Alain Tagnouokam-Ngoupo, Marie Nicole Ngoufack, Sebastien Kenmoe, Simon Frédéric Lissock, Marie Amougou-Atsama, Robert Banai, Laure Ngono and Richard Njouom

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:101

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    Recombinant Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara has been employed as a safe and potent viral vector vaccine against infectious diseases and cancer. We generated recMVAs encoding norovirus GII.4 genotype capsid prot...

    Authors: Franziska Kugler, Ingo Drexler, Ulrike Protzer, Dieter Hoffmann and Hassan Moeini

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:100

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  19. Content type: Research

    Coxsackievirus A10 (CA10) constitutes one of the four major pathogens causing hand, foot and mouth disease in infants. Infectious clones are of great importance for studying viral gene functions and pathogenic...

    Authors: Qiliang Liu, Hanliang Dan, Xiaoping Zhao, Huoying Chen, Yongbei Chen, Ning Zhang, Zhijing Mo and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:98

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  20. Content type: Research

    Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), a member of the family Coronaviridae, causes lethal watery diarrhea in piglets. Previous studies have revealed that the coronaviruses develop various strategies to evad...

    Authors: Yanan Wang, Aoying Sun, Yu Sun, Sijia Zhang, Tian Xia, Tiantian Guo, Zhenye Hao, Li Sun, Yanping Jiang, Xinyuan Qiao, Wen Cui, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu, Yijing Li and Li Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:97

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  21. Content type: Research

    Dengue fever is a febrile disease caused by dengue virus (DENV), which affects people throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Indonesia. East Kalimantan (Borneo) province suffer...

    Authors: R. Tedjo Sasmono, Lily Pertiwi Kalalo, Suryani Trismiasih, Dionisius Denis, Benediktus Yohan, Rahma F. Hayati and Sotianingsih Haryanto

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:93

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  22. Content type: Research

    HPV DNA Array is an E1-targeting PCR genotyping test, with capability of distinguishing 18 high-risk (16, 18, 26, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73, 82) and 11 low-risk HPV types (6, 11, 4...

    Authors: Aleksandra Pesic, Amrei Krings, Matthias Hempel, Rosemarie Preyer, Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Theodoros Agorastos and Andreas M. Kaufmann

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:92

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  23. Content type: Research

    Influenza A and B viruses mainly cause respiratory infectious disease. Till now, few tests are able to simultaneously detect both, especially in primary medical establishments.

    Authors: Qingjun Pan, Weiquan Wu, Shuzhen Liao, Sijie Wang, Chunfei Zhao, Chen Li and Ping Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:91

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  24. Content type: Research

    Nelson Bay orthoreovirus (NBV) was first isolated over 40 years ago from a fruit bat in Australia. Normally, NBV does not cause human diseases, but recently several NBV strains have been associated with human ...

    Authors: Xiao-Li Tao, Wei Zhao, Wei Tong, Xiao-Fang Wang, Li-Li Dou, Jiang-Man Chen, Nian Liu, Ying Lu, Yi-Bo Zhang, Xu-Peng Jin, Yan-Fei Shen, Hong-Yan Zhao, Hong Jin and Yong-Gang Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:90

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  25. Content type: Short report

    A tenuivirus, referred to here as JKI 29327, was isolated from a black medic (Medicago lupulina) plant collected in Austria. The virus was mechanically transmitted to Nicotiana benthamiana, M. lupulina, M. sativa

    Authors: Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Katja R. Richert-Pöggeler, Angelika Sieg-Müller, Petra Lüddecke, Kerstin Herz, Jonas Hartrick, Yvonne Seide, Heinrich-Josef Vetten and Heiko Ziebell

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:89

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  26. Content type: Research

    Human infection with avian influenza H7N9 virus was first reported in 2013. Since the fifth epidemic, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H7N9 virus has emerged and caused 33 human infections. Several p...

    Authors: Jing Tang, Jing Zhang, Jianfang Zhou, Wenfei Zhu, Lei Yang, Shumei Zou, Hejiang Wei, Li Xin, Weijuan Huang, Xiyan Li, Yanhui Cheng and Dayan Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:87

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  27. Content type: Methodology

    Human adenoviruses are a common group of viruses that cause acute infectious diseases. Human adenovirus (HAdV) 3 and HAdV 7 cause major outbreaks of severe pneumonia. A reliable and practical method for HAdV t...

    Authors: Rui-huan Wang, Hong Zhang, Yi Zhang, Xin-na Li, Xin-xin Shen, Ju-ju Qi, Guo-hao Fan, Xing-yu Xiang, Zhi-fei Zhan, Zi-wei Chen and Xue-jun Ma

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:86

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  28. Content type: Research

    Type A influenza viruses (IAVs) cause significant infections in humans and multiple species of animals including pigs, horses, birds, dogs and some marine animals. They are of complicated phylogenetic diversit...

    Authors: Qingye Zhuang, Suchun Wang, Shuo Liu, Guangyu Hou, Jinping Li, Wenming Jiang, Kaicheng Wang, Cheng Peng, Dong Liu, Aizhen Guo and Jiming Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:85

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  29. Content type: Research

    Advances in molecular laboratory techniques are changing the prospects for the diagnosis of viral infectious diseases. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay (multiplex-PCR) can detect dozens of pathogens s...

    Authors: Le Wang, Shuo Yang, Xiaotong Yan, Teng Liu, Zhishan Feng and Guixia Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:84

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  30. Content type: Research

    Shenzhen City is a rapidly growing area with a large number of floating populations, thus making it difficult to control HIV. Serial cross-sectional studies are helpful for the prediction of epidemiological te...

    Authors: Dijing Jia, Jin Zhao, Yongjian Liu, Xiaolin Wang, Lei Jia, Tao Gui, Lin Chen, Chenli Zheng, Jingwan Han, Tianyi Li, Jingyun Li, Hanping Li and Lin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:83

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  31. Content type: Short report

    Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) is a bipartite cucurbit-infecting crinivirus within the family Closteroviridae. The crinivirus genome varies among genera. P4.9 is the first protein encoded by CCYV RNA2. P...

    Authors: Ying Wei, Yajuan Shi, Xaioyu Han, Siyu Chen, Honglian Li, Linlin Chen, Bingjian Sun and Yan Shi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:82

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  32. Content type: Research

    Pseudorabies virus (PRV) protein UL56 (pUL56) has been implicated in viral dissemination and virulence in vivo. However, the properties of PRV pUL56 remain largely unknown. In the present study, we aim to inve...

    Authors: Chuang Lyu and Xuehui Cai

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:81

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  33. Content type: Research

    Rabies virus (RABV), a member of Lyssavirus of Rhabdoviridae family, is a kind of negative-strand RNA virus. The zoonosis caused by RABV leads to high mortality in animals and humans. Though with the extensive...

    Authors: Jie Gao, Xinyu Wang, Mingxin Zhao, Enhua Liu, Ming Duan, Zhenhong Guan, Yidi Guo and Maolin Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:80

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  34. Content type: Research

    The increased levels of blood cytokines is the main immunopathological process that were attributed to severe clinical outcomes in cases of influenza A, influenza B and people with influenza-like illness (ILI)...

    Authors: Mohsen Keshavarz, Haideh Namdari, Mohammad Farahmand, Parvaneh Mehrbod, Talat Mokhtari-Azad and Farhad Rezaei

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:79

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  35. Content type: Research

    Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause a wide range of diseases. However, the genotype diversity and epidemiological information relating to HAdVs among hospitalized children with respiratory tract infections (RTIs)...

    Authors: Li-hong Yao, Chao Wang, Tian-li Wei, Hao Wang, Fen-lian Ma and Li-shu Zheng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:78

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  36. Content type: Research

    Influenza B virus is a main causative pathogen of annual influenza epidemics, however, research on influenza B virus in general lags behind that on influenza A viruses, one of the important reasons is studies ...

    Authors: Bing Yuan, Chunguang Yang, Xueshan Xia, Mark Zanin, Sook-san Wong, Fan Yang, Jixiang Chang, Zhitong Mai, Jin Zhao, Yunhui Zhang, Runfeng Li, Nanshan Zhong and Zifeng Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:77

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  37. Content type: Case Report

    Stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion (SMILE) is a rare precursor lesion in the uterine cervix that is considered a variant of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). Although human papillomavirus (HPV) is t...

    Authors: Shiho Fukui, Kazunori Nagasaka, Naoko Iimura, Ranka Kanda, Takayuki Ichinose, Takeru Sugihara, Haruko Hiraike, Shunsuke Nakagawa, Yuko Sasajima and Takuya Ayabe

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:76

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  38. Content type: Research

    Porcine parvovirus (PPV) is a DNA virus that causes reproductive failure in gilts and sows, resulting in embryonic and fetal losses worldwide. Epitope mapping of PPV is important for developing new vaccines. I...

    Authors: Ancelmo Rabelo de Souza, Marriam Yamin, Danielle Gava, Janice Reis Ciacci Zanella, Maria Sílvia Viccari Gatti, Carlos Francisco Sampaio Bonafe and Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:75

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  39. Content type: Research

    Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 infection remain a difficult-to-cure population. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir-based regimen in genotype 3 patients in a real-world...

    Authors: Qunying Han, Xiude Fan, Xiaoyun Wang, Ye Wang, Huan Deng, Xiaoge Zhang, Kun Zhang, Na Li and Zhengwen Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:74

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  40. Content type: Review

    The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) regulates the expression levels of cellular proteins by ubiquitination of protein substrates followed by their degradation via the proteasome. As a highly conserved cellul...

    Authors: Fanyun Kong, Hongjuan You, Delong Kong, Kuiyang Zheng and Renxian Tang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:73

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  41. Content type: Research

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 oncoproteins play a crucial role in HPV-related diseases, such as cervical cancer, and can be used as ideal targets for therapeutic vaccines. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) ...

    Authors: Jiaoyu He, Yasi Yang, Zuyi Chen, Yang Liu, Shanfei Bao, Yun Zhao and Xianping Ding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:72

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  42. Content type: Research

    Lates calcarifer, known as seabass in Asia and barramundi in Australia, is a widely farmed species internationally and in Southeast Asia and any disease outbreak will have a great economic impact on the aquacultu...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Xinyu Toh, Jasmine Ong, Yahui Wang, Xuan-Hui Teo, Bernett Lee, Pui-San Wong, Denyse Khor, Shin-Min Chong, Diana Chee, Alvin Wee, Yifan Wang, Mee-Keun Ng, Boon-Huan Tan and Taoqi Huangfu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:71

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  43. Content type: Short report

    A novel nepovirus was identified and characterised from caraway, and tentatively named caraway yellows virus (CawYV). Tubular structures with isomeric virus particles typical for nepoviruses were observed in i...

    Authors: Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Katja R. Richert-Pöggeler, Angelika Sieg-Müller, Petra Lüddecke, Kerstin Herz, Jonas Hartrick, Christina Maaß, Roswitha Ulrich and Heiko Ziebell

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:70

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  44. Content type: Review

    Coronaviruses (CoVs) primarily cause enzootic infections in birds and mammals but, in the last few decades, have shown to be capable of infecting humans as well. The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndro...

    Authors: Dewald Schoeman and Burtram C. Fielding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:69

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