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  1. Routine viral load and drug resistance testing are well supported in most resource-rich settings and provide valuable benefits in the clinical care of PLWH in these communities. Undoubtedly, there exist financ...

    Authors: Makafui Seshie, Billal Musah Obeng, Vivian Etsiapa Boamah, Marcel Bayor, Evelyn Yayra Bonney, Stephen Yao Gbedema and Kwamena William Coleman Sagoe
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:159
  2. West Nile virus (WNV) is a rapidly spreading mosquito-borne virus accounted for neuroinvasive diseases. An insight into WNV-host factors interaction is necessary for development of therapeutic approaches again...

    Authors: Yan-Gang Liu, Hao-Ran Peng, Rui-Wen Ren, Ping Zhao and Lan-Juan Zhao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:158
  3. Newborn piglets’ health is seriously threatened by the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), which also has a significant effect on the pig industry. The gut microbiota produces butyrate, an abundant metabol...

    Authors: Zhen Zhong, Yaqin Zhang, Xuting Zhao, Chunbao Zhou, Shubin Zhu and Jiayun Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:157
  4. The performance of the new Respiratory Pathogen panel (fluorescent probe melting curve, FPMC) for the qualitative detection of 12 organisms (chlamydia pneumoniae, mycoplasma pneumoniae, adenovirus, influenza A...

    Authors: Li Xue, Jianhong Zhu, Ke Lei, Zeshi Liu, Yiwei Tang, Bo Zhong, Ning Gao, Chaoliang Xiong, Jing Lei, Ying Tian, Weixiao Zhou, Nan Feng, Xue Zhang, Dong Chen, Jing Li and Yan Geng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:156
  5. Canine enteric coronavirus (CECoV) is a prevalent infectious disease among dogs worldwide, yet its epidemiology in mainland China remains poorly understood. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to as...

    Authors: Chaoyang Chen, Xiaoxia Ji, Tingting Zhang, Lin Ge, Mengting Sun, Mengting Yang and Cheng Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:155
  6. Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease whose pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated, and vaccination is the only effective method for protecting against rabies virus infection. Most inactivated vaccines are pr...

    Authors: Ying Xu, Lin Weng, Xuan Wang, Ming Li, Wanping Guo, Yiqing Liu, Xiang Li, Zhenping Wang, Xinyu Liu, Shengnan Xu, Feide He, Qianqian Hou, Tengzhou Li, Wenke Du, Yabo Zhang, Shumin Chang…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:154
  7. Wild waterfowl serve as a reservoir of some astroviruses. Fecal samples from wild waterfowl collected at Hong Kong's Marshes were tested using pan-astrovirus reverse transcription-PCR. Positive samples underwe...

    Authors: Daisy Y. M. Ng, Wanying Sun, Thomas H. C. Sit, Christopher J. Brackman, Anne C. N. Tse, Christine H. T. Bui, Amy W. Y. Tang, Andrew N. C. Wong, Andrew T. L. Tsang, Joe C. T. Koo, Samuel M. S. Cheng, Malik Peiris, Alex W. H. Chin and Leo L. M. Poon
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:153
  8. The canine influenza virus (CIV) outbreak has garnered considerable attention as it poses a significant threat to dog health. During the H3N2 CIV evolution in beagles, the virus formed a new clade after 2019 a...

    Authors: Fei-fei Ge, Hai-xiao Shen, De-quan Yang, Xian-chao Yang, Xin Li, Jian Wang and Shixin Huang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:151
  9. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is endemic worldwide, seriously affecting the development of the pig industry, but vaccines have limited protective effects against PRRSV transmission. The ...

    Authors: Zhilong Zhang, Wenyi Wu, Qiannan Li, Fangfang Du, Xuebing Wang, Mingfan Yang and Hongying Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:150
  10. This study aimed to characterize incidences of CMV reactivations within one year post-allo-SCT and identify risk factors for CMV second reactivation episode in population with high seropositivity where first C...

    Authors: Hajar Y. AlQahtani, Nada AlSuhebany, Shuroug A. Alowais, Bashayer AlShehri, Abdullah Althemery, Amirah Alghanim, Hessa Alqahtani, Lama Alkhathran, Majd Alyaqub, Mariam Alsulimani, Ahmad AlHarbi, Hind Alhatmi, Sarah Almansour, Abdulellah Almohaya and Mohammed Bosaeed
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:149
  11. The magnitude of the HIV-1 epidemic in Nigeria is second only to the subtype C epidemic in South Africa, yet the subtypes prevalent in Nigeria require further characterization. A panel of 50 subtype G and 18 C...

    Authors: Lindsay Wieczorek, David Chang, Eric Sanders-Buell, Michelle Zemil, Elizabeth Martinez, Jesse Schoen, Agnes-Laurence Chenine, Sebastian Molnar, Brittani Barrows, Kultida Poltavee, Man E. Charurat, Alash’le Abimiku, William Blattner, Michael Iroezindu, Afoke Kokogho, Nelson L. Michael…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:148
  12. Vertical transmission, the transfer of pathogens across generations, is a critical mechanism for the persistence of plant viruses. The transmission mechanisms are diverse, involving direct invasion through the...

    Authors: Netsai M. Mhlanga, Adrienne E. Pate, Warren Arinaitwe, John P. Carr and Alex M. Murphy
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:147
  13. The genus Jeilongvirus comprises non-segmented negative-stranded RNA viruses that are classified within the Paramyxoviridae family by phylogeny. Jeilongviruses are found in various reservoirs, including rodents a...

    Authors: Min Gan, Bing Hu, Qingwen Ding, Nailou Zhang, Jinbo Wei, Tao Nie, Kun Cai and Zhenhua Zheng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:146
  14. HIV-1 produces Tat, a crucial protein for transcription, viral replication, and CNS neurotoxicity. Tat interacts with TAR, enhancing HIV reverse transcription. Subtype C Tat variants (C31S, R57S, Q63E) are ass...

    Authors: Piwai T. Gotora, Keaghan Brown, Darius R. Martin, Rencia van der Sluis, Ruben Cloete and Monray E. Williams
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:144
  15. Omicron variants are currently the predominant circulating lineage worldwide and most cases are mild or asymptomatic. The Omicron variant is characterized by high transmissibility and immune evasion. Early ide...

    Authors: Suqin Ben, Fengying Gao, Ziheng Xu, Rulin Zhang, Xingyi Zhang, Ning Wang, Min Zhang and Lili Hou
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:143
  16. Despite dengue virus (DENV) outbreak in Gabon a decade ago, less is known on the potential circulation of DENV serotypes in the country. Previous studies conducted in some areas of the country, are limited to ...

    Authors: Rodrigue Bikangui, Soulemane Parkouda, Ayong More, Marien Veraldy Magossou Mbadinga, Ismael Piérrick Mikelet Boussoukou, Georgelin Nguema Ondo, Anne Marie Mouina Nkoma, Rafiou Adamou, Yabo Josiane Honkpehedji, Elie Gide Rossatanga, Yuri Ushijima, Haruka Abe, Bertrand Lell, Jean Claude Dejon-Agobé, Jiro Yasuda and Ayola Akim Adegnika
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:141
  17. The persistent infection of high-risk Human papillomavirus(HPV) is considered the main cause of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer. But various cervical lesions caused by HPV infection can ...

    Authors: Bin Qiu, Na Jiang, Jinpeng Jiang, Xuebao Mao and Xiuhong Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:140
  18. Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) elicits a complex T-cell response against a broad range of viral proteins. Hence, identifying potential differences in the cellular immune response of patients with ...

    Authors: Franziska Fischer, Johannes Mücke, Louisa Werny, Katrin Gerrer, Lorenz Mihatsch, Stefanie Zehetmaier, Isa Riedel, Jonas Geisperger, Maren Bodenhausen, Lina Schulte-Hillen, Dieter Hoffmann, Ulrike Protzer, Josef Mautner, Uta Behrends, Tanja Bauer and Nina Körber
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:139
  19. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 in high-risk groups such as kidney transplant and dialysis patients is shown to be associated with a more serious course of the disease. Four years after the start of the COVID-19 pan...

    Authors: Caroline De Bouver, Jason Bouziotis, Veerle P. W. M. Wijtvliet, Kevin K. Ariën, Joachim Mariën, Leo Heyndrickx, Marie M. Couttenye, Hans J. W. de Fijter, Fabienne Mestrez, Serge Treille, Olivier Mat, Frederic Collart, Sabine D. Allard, Lies Vingerhoets, Pieter Moons, Daniel Abramowicz…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:138
  20. Authors: Xiao-Ying Dong, Wen-Jun Liu, Ming-Qiu Zhao, Jia-Ying Wang, Jing-Jing Pei, Yong-Wen Luo, Chun-Mei Ju and Jin-Ding Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:137

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2013 10:286

  21. Hepatitis E is a potentially serious infection in organ recipients, with an estimated two-thirds of cases becoming chronic, and with a subsequent risk of cirrhosis and death. In Europe, transmission occurs mos...

    Authors: Justine Solignac, Celine Boschi, Vincent Pernin, Virginie Fouilloux, Anne Motte, Sarah Aherfi, Maxime Fabre-Aubrespy, Tristan Legris, Philippe Brunet, Philippe Colson and Valérie Moal
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:136
  22. The discovery of mimivirus in 2003 prompted the search for novel giant viruses worldwide. Despite increasing interest, the diversity and distribution of giant viruses is barely known. Here, we present data fro...

    Authors: Talita B. Machado, Isabella L. M. de Aquino, Bruna L. Azevedo, Mateus S. Serafim, Matheus G. Barcelos, Ana Cláudia S. P. Andrade, Erik Reis, Leila Sabrina Ullmann, João Pessoa Jr., Adriana O. Costa, Luiz H. Rosa and Jônatas S. Abrahão
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:135
  23. The coronavirus pandemic that started in 2019 has caused the highest mortality and morbidity rates worldwide. Data on the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is scarce...

    Authors: Raheleh Heydari, Mohammad Javad Tavassolifar, Sara Fayazzadeh, Omid Sadatpour and Anna Meyfour
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:134
  24. Early diagnosis and treatment of HPV persistent infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, which have yet to be thoroughly characterized in Guangxi, Southwestern China, are the key preventative measures...

    Authors: Dewu Bi, Shuzhen Wei, Xiaolu Luo, Xiaocheng Luo and Xike Tang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:133
  25. Tetraparvovirus is an emerging parvovirus infecting a variety of mammals and humans, and associated with human diseases including severe acute respiratory infection and acute encephalitis syndrome. In the pres...

    Authors: Yin Shi, Hui Tang, Zhi-Jian Zhou, Jing-Ying Liao, Xing-Yi Ge and Chao-Ting Xiao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:132
  26. Neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage is a late manifestation of various diseases. Premature delivery and low body weight are frequently observed as high-risk factors, characterized by acute onset, rapid progression, ...

    Authors: Chenguang Yang, Qi Ge, Xiaochuan Huo and Chang Ge
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:131
  27. Limited data is available regarding the severity and mortality of Mpox in individuals with immunocompromised conditions. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to understand the impact of HIV- or non-HIV-a...

    Authors: Ahmed Azzam, Heba Khaled, Haitham Salem, Ameer Ahmed, Amira M. Heniedy, Hassan Samy Hassan, Ahmed Hassan and Taghrid S. El-Mahdy
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:130
  28. Global human activities were significantly impacted by the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and...

    Authors: Boxi Lin, Fu Zhang, Fang Liu, Lihua Huang, Shanzhen Xie, Qing Lin and Jilai Liu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:129
  29. The envelope (E) protein of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a key protein for virus infection and adsorption of host cells, which determines the virulence of the virus and regulates the intensity of i...

    Authors: Rong Huang, Yajing He, Chenghua Zhang, Yue Luo, Chen Chen, Ning Tan, Yang Ren, Kui Xu, Lei Yuan and Jian Yang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:128
  30. The association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels and liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with immune-tolerant phase remains unclear. We explored the association between liver fibrosis and...

    Authors: Jian Wang, Li Zhu, Zhiyi Zhang, Shaoqiu Zhang, Yifan Pan, Yuanyuan Li, Fei Cao, Chao Jiang, Tao Fan, Ye Xiong, Jiacheng Liu, Yuxin Chen, Shengxia Yin, Xin Tong, Chuanwu Zhu, Xingxiang Liu…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:127
  31. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). Previous studies have indicated that SFTS patients have...

    Authors: Li Song, Wenlu Zou, Gang Wang, Ling Qiu and Lintao Sai
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:126
  32. Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive skin cancer that is three times deadlier than melanoma. In 2008, it was found that 80% of MCC cases are caused by the genomic integration of a novel polyomavirus, M...

    Authors: Kaira R. Thevenin, Isabella S. Tieche, Cody E. Di Benedetto, Matt Schrager and Kristine N. Dye
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:125
  33. Cervical cancer (CC) and other malignant malignancies are acknowledged to be primarily caused by persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Historically, vaccinations against viruses that produce neutral...

    Authors: Fatemeh Movahed, Satinik Darzi, Parya Mahdavi, Morug Salih Mahdi, Omer Qutaiba B. Allela, Hayder Naji Sameer, Mohaned Adil, Hasna Zarkhah, Saman Yasamineh and Omid Gholizadeh
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:124
  34. Long coronavirus disease (COVID) after COVID-19 infection is continuously threatening the health of people all over the world. Early prediction of the risk of Long COVID in hospitalized patients will help clin...

    Authors: Lu-Cheng Fang, Xiao-Ping Ming, Wan-Yue Cai, Yi-Fan Hu, Bin Hao, Jiang-Hao Wu, Aikebaier Tuohuti and Xiong Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:123
  35. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious viral illness primarily affecting children globally. A significant epidemiological transition has been noted in mainland China, characterized by a sub...

    Authors: Huimin Lian, Lina Yi, Ming Qiu, Baisheng Li, Limei Sun, Huiling Zeng, Biao Zeng, Fen Yang, Haiyi Yang, Mingda Yang, Chunyan Xie, Lin Qu, Huifang Lin, Pengwei Hu, Shaojian Xu, Hanri Zeng…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:122
  36. During the pandemic, whole genome sequencing was critical to characterize SARS-CoV-2 for surveillance, clinical and therapeutical purposes. However, low viral loads in specimens often led to suboptimal sequenc...

    Authors: Alba Cerro-Monje, Sergio Buenestado-Serrano, Rosalía Palomino-Cabrera, Andrea Molero-Salinas, Marta Herranz, Roberto Alonso, Pilar Catalán, Patricia Muñoz, Darío García de Viedma and Laura Pérez-Lago
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:121
  37. The Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) has caused significant economic losses in the global swine industry. As a potential drug for treating diarrhea, the antiviral properties of attapulgite deserve furthe...

    Authors: Tianmin Wang, Yuan Wen, Bingxu Qian, Fang Tang, Xiaorong Zhang, Xiulong Xu, Yanmin Zhou, Jianjun Dai, Aiqin Wang and Feng Xue
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:120
  38. Few studies have compared patient characteristics, clinical management, and outcome of patients with COVID-19 between the different epidemic waves. In this study, we describe patient characteristics, treatment...

    Authors: Andreas De Paepe, Erika Vlieghe, Nele Brusselaers, Patrick Soentjens, Caroline Theunissen, Isabel Brosius, Jeroen Grouwels, Lida Van Petersen, Hanne van Tiggelen, Walter Verbrugghe, Philippe G Jorens, Thérèse Lapperre, Karen Peeters, Griet Vermeulen and Sabrina H van Ierssel
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:119
  39. Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) is commonly associated with horse abortion. Currently, there are no reported cases of abortion resulting from EHV-1 infection in donkeys.

    Authors: Panpan Tong, Juanjuan Pan, Yueyi Dang, Enhui Yang, Chenyang Jia, Ruli Duan, Shuyao Tian, Nuerlan Palidan, Ling Kuang, Chuanfeng Wang, Gang Lu and Jinxin Xie
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:117
  40. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) represents a profoundly perilous zoonotic disease. The advent of viral macrogenomics has facilitated the exploration of hitherto uncharted viral territories. In the scope of this inv...

    Authors: Jia Liu, Xiaojie Jiang, Wen Lei, Yuan Xi, Qing Zhang, Huixia Cai, Xiao Ma, Yufang Liu, Wei Wang, Na Liu, Xiongying Zhang, Wanli Ma, Cunzhe Zhao, Bin Ni, Wen Zhang and Yongshun Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:116
  41. Feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) is a life threatening highly contagious virus in cats and typically causes upper respiratory tract infections as well as conjunctival and corneal ulcers. Genetic variability c...

    Authors: Semin Kim, Yixi Cheng, Zhenkun Fang, Qiu Zhongqi, Yu Weidong, Aysun Yilmaz, Huseyin Yilmaz and Sajid Umar
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:115
  42. EV71 is one of the important pathogens of Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), which causes serious neurological symptoms. Several studies have speculated that there will be interaction between 5′UTR and 3D pro...

    Authors: Xiaoying Xu, Shao Ma, Ziwei Liu, Haowen Yuan, Yao Wang, Mengting Chen, Mengyu Du, Haopeng Kan, Zequn Wang, Xiaowen Chong and Hongling Wen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:114
  43. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease. SFTS virus (SFTSV) is transmitted by tick bites and contact with the blood or body fluids of SFTS patients. Animal-to-human...

    Authors: Jizhao Li, Chunping Wang, Xiang Li, Guoying Zhang, Shunzeng Sun, Zhefeng Wang, Jian Zhao, Linqing Xiu, Nianchen Jiang, Huajiang Zhang, Zhenghui Yang and Jinbo Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:113
  44. In 2018, SGS Belgium NV developed RSV-NICA (Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Nasobronchial Infective Challenge Agent), an RSV type A challenge agent for use in RSV Controlled Human Infection Model (CHIM) studies.

    Authors: Sandra Verstraelen, Dirk Roymans, An Jacobs, Karen Hollanders, Sylvie Remy, Dirk Jochmans, Jelle Klein and Tini Grauwet
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:112
  45. Demand for COVID-19 testing prompted the implementation of drive-through testing systems. However, limited research has examined factors influencing testing positivity in this setting.

    Authors: Masahiko Mori, Kazuaki Yokoyama, Riri Sanuki, Fumio Inoue, Takafumi Maekawa and Tadayoshi Moriyama
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:111
  46. Severe pneumonia is one of the most important causes of mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Adenovirus (ADV) is a significant cause of severe viral pneumonia after a...

    Authors: Yuewen Wang, Xiaohui Zhang, Lanping Xu, Yu Wang, Chenhua Yan, Huan Chen, Yuhong Chen, Fangfang Wei, Wei Han, Fengrong Wang, Jingzhi Wang, Xiaojun Huang and Xiaodong Mo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:110