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Hepatitis viruses

Section Editor: Alan McLachlan, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA 
Deputy Section Editor: Susan Uprichard, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA 

The Hepatitis viruses section of Virology Journal includes studies relating to all aspects of hepatitis A, B C, D and E virus research including research discoveries addressing both basic and medical aspects of the biology of these human pathogens. Basic research topics of interest include all aspects of the viral life cycle (e.g. viral entry, intracellular capsid transport and disassembly, viral gene expression/regulation, protein processing/regulation, viral genome replication, particle assembly and egress) and viral-host interactions. Medical research topics of interest include but are not limited to viral pathogenesis, epidemiology, immunology, therapies and emergence of drug-resistant variants.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) chronically infects approximately 350 million people worldwide, causing a major risk of liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Many mouse models have been tried to establish ...

    Authors: Xian Wang, Jianmin Zhu, Yong Zhang, Yue Li, Tai Ma, Qun Li, Jiegou Xu and Long Xu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:89

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  2. Content type: Research

    Hepatocytes infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV) produce different HBV RNA species, including pregenomic RNA (pgRNA), which is reverse transcribed during replication. Particles containing HBV RNA are present in...

    Authors: Kasthuri Prakash, Gustaf E. Rydell, Simon B. Larsson, Maria Andersson, Gunnar Norkrans, Heléne Norder and Magnus Lindh

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:86

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  3. Content type: Research

    To investigate the predictive capability of microRNAs (miRNAs) prior treatment for HBsAg clearance in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with pegylated interferon α-2a (PEG-IFNα-2a).

    Authors: Yanlin Yang, Ming Liu, Ying Deng, Yan Guo, Xuqing Zhang, Dedong Xiang, Li Jiang, Zhonglan You, Yi Wu, Maoshi Li and Qing Mao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:73

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  4. Content type: Research

    It has been reported that the emergence of HBV rtA181T/sW172* mutant could result in a dominant secretion defect of HBsAg and increase the risk of HCC development. This study was designed to reveal the role an...

    Authors: Meng-Lan Wang, Dong-Bo Wu, Ya-Chao Tao, Lan-Lan Chen, Cui-Ping Liu, En-Qiang Chen and Hong Tang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:61

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  5. Content type: Research

    Host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the interleukin 28B (IL28B) locus are associated with sustained virological response to antiviral therapy and with spontaneous Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) clearance. P...

    Authors: Natalia Echeverría, Daniela Chiodi, Pablo López, Adriana Sanchez Ciceron, Jenniffer Angulo, Marcelo López-Lastra, Paola Silvera, Adrian Canavesi, Carla Bianchi, Valentina Colistro, Juan Cristina, Nelia Hernandez and Pilar Moreno

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:40

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  6. Content type: Review

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a worldwide public health burden and it is estimated that 185 million people are or have previously been infected worldwide. There is no effective vaccine for prevention of...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Gomes Jardim, Jacqueline Farinha Shimizu, Paula Rahal and Mark Harris

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:34

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  7. Content type: Research

    Simeprevir is approved with pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PR) for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 1 and GT4 infection in the USA and the European Union.

    Authors: Fabien Zoulim, Christophe Moreno, Samuel S. Lee, Peter Buggisch, Andrzej Horban, Eric Lawitz, Chris Corbett, Oliver Lenz, Bart Fevery, Thierry Verbinnen, Umesh Shukla and Wolfgang Jessner

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:26

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  8. Content type: Research

    Previous published studies have reported conflicting results of association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and preeclampsia. There was no published data on HBV and preeclampsia in Africa including S...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Ahmed, Manal E. Sharif, Duria A. Rayis, Abubakr M. Nasr and Ishag Adam

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:20

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  9. Content type: Research

    The treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HCV/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infected patients remains complex. This present meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of Sofosbuvir (SOF) for tre...

    Authors: Guotao Li, Ke Zang, Guoqiang Zhang, Danyan Zhu and Xiaozhao Deng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:19

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  10. Content type: Research

    An association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is supported by numerous epidemiologic studies. We hypothesized that HCV could infect human pancreatic islet cells in vitro.

    Authors: Jason T. Blackard, Ling Kong, Angela Lombardi, Dirk Homann, Sara Salehi Hammerstad and Yaron Tomer

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:237

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  11. Content type: Research

    It has been widely accepted that hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to explore the function of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the e...

    Authors: Yinji Jin, Di Wu, Weiwei Yang, Mingjiao Weng, Yafei Li, Xuefei Wang, Xiao Zhang, Xiaoming Jin and Tianzhen Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:238

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  12. Content type: Research

    Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) provide efficient hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy and clearance for a majority of patients, but are not available or effective for all patients. They risk developing HCV-induced...

    Authors: Sara M. Ø. Solbak, Eldar Abdurakhmanov, Anni Vedeler and U. Helena Danielson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:236

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  13. Content type: Research

    Recently, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-II gene polymorphisms have been reported to be related to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and chronicity. The objective of this study was to explore the relationshi...

    Authors: Peng Huang, Haozhi Fan, Ting Tian, Peiwen Liao, Jun Li, Rongbin Yu, Xueshan Xia, Yue Feng, Jie Wang, Yuan Liu, Yun Zhang and Ming Yue

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:235

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  14. Content type: Research

    Infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) can cause acute hepatitis in endemic areas in immune-competent hosts, as well as chronic infection in immune-compromised subjects in non-endemic areas. Most studies a...

    Authors: Ananta Shrestha, Anurag Adhikari, Manjula Bhattarai, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Jose D. Debes, André Boonstra, Thupten K. Lama, Mamun Al Mahtab, Amna Subhan Butt, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar, Nirmal Aryal, Sapana Karn, Krishna Das Manandhar and Birendra Prasad Gupta

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:228

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  15. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes are considered an important tool for epidemiological and clinical studies and valuable markers for disease progression and response to antiviral therapy. The aim ...

    Authors: Amen Bawazir, Fahad AlGusheri, Hoda Jradi, Mohammed AlBalwi and Abdel-Galil Abdel-Gader

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:208

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  16. Content type: Research

    Hydrodynamic injection (HI) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) mouse model is an useful tool for HBV related research in vivo. However, only 40% of C57/BL6 mice injected with 10 μg HBV genome contained plasmid (pAAV-H...

    Authors: Lei Li, Sheng Li, Yun Zhou, Lu Yang, Di Zhou, Yan Yang, Mengji Lu, Dongliang Yang and Jingjiao Song

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:205

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  17. Content type: Research

    The pathogenesis of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between HBV polymerase (P...

    Authors: Shan Gao, Shivali S. Joshi, Carla Osiowy, Y. Chen, Carla S. Coffin and Z-P. Duan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:203

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  18. Content type: Research

    Occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is defined as the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in the serum and/or liver in HBsAg-negative individuals. OBI is associated with the risk of viral transmission, espe...

    Authors: Yan Mardian, Yoshihiko Yano, Widya Wasityastuti, Neneng Ratnasari, Yujiao Liang, Wahyu Aristyaning Putri, Teguh Triyono and Yoshitake Hayashi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:201

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  19. Content type: Research

    Seroprevalence of hepatitis C in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan was determined by screening blood samples of expectant mothers seeking antenatal care in gynecological units of district hospitals. The ...

    Authors: Zobia Afsheen, Bashir Ahmad and Shumaila Bashir

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:195

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  20. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem leading to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. As the clinical utility of current therapies is limited, the development of new therapeut...

    Authors: Huifang Li, Junru Li, Yuan Tang, Lin Lin, Zhanglian Xie, Jia Zhou, Liyun Zhang, Xiaoyong Zhang, Xiaoshan Zhao, Zhengliang Chen and Daming Zuo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:178

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