Emerging viruses

Section edited by Tom Geisbert

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  1. Review

    The porcine virome and xenotransplantation

    The composition of the porcine virome includes viruses that infect pig cells, ancient virus-derived elements including endogenous retroviruses inserted in the pig chromosomes, and bacteriophages that infect a ...

    Joachim Denner

    Virology Journal 2017 14:171

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  2. Research

    Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever among the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Central Sudan

    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral zoonotic disease caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a member of the genus Nairovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. CCHF is typicall...

    Hajer M. Suliman, Ibrahim A. Adam, Shamseldin I. Saeed, Sanaa A. Abdelaziz, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Virology Journal 2017 14:147

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  3. Research

    Tissue tropisms, infection kinetics, histologic lesions, and antibody response of the MR766 strain of Zika virus in a murine model

    The appearance of severe Zika virus (ZIKV) disease in the most recent outbreak has prompted researchers to respond through the development of tools to quickly characterize transmission and pathology. We descri...

    Anna B. Kawiecki, E. Handly Mayton, M. Fausta Dutuze, Brad A. Goupil, Ingeborg M. Langohr, Fabio Del Piero and Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Virology Journal 2017 14:82

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  4. Review

    The reasons why Pakistan might be at high risk of Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever epidemic; a scoping review of the literature

    Pakistan has faced a number of significant healthcare challenges over the past decade. In 2000, one of these events - a deadly epidemic of Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) - struck Pakistan. The people ...

    Muhammad Atif, Anum Saqib, Raazeyah Ikram, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar and Shane Scahill

    Virology Journal 2017 14:63

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  5. Research

    Detection and genome characterization of four novel bat hepadnaviruses and a hepevirus in China

    In recent years, novel hepadnaviruses, hepeviruses, hepatoviruses, and hepaciviruses have been discovered in various species of bat around the world, indicating that bats may act as natural reservoirs for thes...

    Bo Wang, Xing-Lou Yang, Wen Li, Yan Zhu, Xing-Yi Ge, Li-Biao Zhang, Yun-Zhi Zhang, Claus-Thomas Bock and Zheng-Li Shi

    Virology Journal 2017 14:40

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  6. Research

    Interactions of human microglia cells with Japanese encephalitis virus

    Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a neurotropic flavivirus causing mortality and morbidity in humans. Severe Japanese encephalitis cases display strong inflammatory responses in the central nervous system a...

    Nils Lannes, Viviane Neuhaus, Brigitte Scolari, Solange Kharoubi-Hess, Michael Walch, Artur Summerfield and Luis Filgueira

    Virology Journal 2017 14:8

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  7. Case report

    Acute flaccid myelitis associated with enterovirus-D68 infection in an otherwise healthy child

    Reporting new cases of enterovirus (EV)-D68-associated acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is essential to understand how the virus causes neurological damage and to characterize EV-D68 strains associated with AFM.

    Susanna Esposito, Giovanna Chidini, Claudia Cinnante, Luisa Napolitano, Alberto Giannini, Leonardo Terranova, Hubert Niesters, Nicola Principi and Edoardo Calderini

    Virology Journal 2017 14:4

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  8. Research

    Prevalence of anelloviruses (TTV, TTMDV, and TTMV) in healthy blood donors and in patients infected with HBV or HCV in Qatar

    Anelloviruses (TTV, TTMV, and TTMDV) have been associated with non A-G hepatitis. The goal of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of these anelloviruses in Qatar.

    Ahmed A. Al-Qahtani, Enas S. Alabsi, Raed AbuOdeh, Lukman Thalib, Mohamed E El Zowalaty and Gheyath K. Nasrallah

    Virology Journal 2016 13:208

    Published on: 28 December 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:143

  9. Research

    Detection of dengue virus serotypes 1, 2 and 3 in selected regions of Kenya: 2011–2014

    Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne disease, is associated with illness of varying severity in countries in the tropics and sub tropics. Dengue cases continue to be detected more frequently and its geographic range...

    Limbaso Konongoi, Victor Ofula, Albert Nyunja, Samuel Owaka, Hellen Koka, Albina Makio, Edith Koskei, Fredrick Eyase, Daniel Langat, Randal J. Schoepp, Cynthia Ann Rossi, Ian Njeru, Rodney Coldren and Rosemary Sang

    Virology Journal 2016 13:182

    Published on: 4 November 2016

  10. Research

    Serosurveillance of viral pathogens circulating in West Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa is home to a variety of pathogens, but disease surveillance and the healthcare infrastructure necessary for proper management and control are severely limited. Lassa virus, the cause of Lass...

    Aileen E. O’Hearn, Matthew A. Voorhees, David P. Fetterer, Nadia Wauquier, Moinya R. Coomber, James Bangura, Joseph N. Fair, Jean-Paul Gonzalez and Randal J. Schoepp

    Virology Journal 2016 13:163

    Published on: 3 October 2016

  11. Research

    Suramin is a potent inhibitor of Chikungunya and Ebola virus cell entry

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that causes high fever, rash, and recurrent arthritis in humans. It has efficiently adapted to Aedes albopictus, which also inhabits temperate region...

    Lisa Henß, Simon Beck, Tatjana Weidner, Nadine Biedenkopf, Katja Sliva, Christopher Weber, Stephan Becker and Barbara S. Schnierle

    Virology Journal 2016 13:149

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  12. Short report

    First identification of mammalian orthoreovirus type 3 in diarrheic pigs in Europe

    Mammalian Orthoreoviruses 3 (MRV3) have been described in diarrheic pigs from USA and Asia. We firstly detected MRV3 in Europe (Italy) in piglets showing severe diarrhea associated with Porcine Epidemic Diarrh...

    Davide Lelli, Maria Serena Beato, Lara Cavicchio, Antonio Lavazza, Chiara Chiapponi, Stefania Leopardi, Laura Baioni, Paola De Benedictis and Ana Moreno

    Virology Journal 2016 13:139

    Published on: 12 August 2016

  13. Research

    Newcastle disease virus-vectored West Nile fever vaccine is immunogenic in mammals and poultry

    West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging zoonotic pathogen which is harmful to human and animal health. Effective vaccination in susceptible hosts should protect against WNV infection and significantly reduce vira...

    Jinliang Wang, Jie Yang, Jinying Ge, Ronghong Hua, Renqiang Liu, Xiaofeng Li, Xijun Wang, Yu Shao, Encheng Sun, Donglai Wu, Chengfeng Qin, Zhiyuan Wen and Zhigao Bu

    Virology Journal 2016 13:109

    Published on: 24 June 2016

  14. Short report

    Alphacoronavirus in urban Molossidae and Phyllostomidae bats, Brazil

    Bats have been implicated as the main reservoir of coronavirus (CoV). Thus the role of these hosts on the evolution and spread of CoVs currently deserve the attention of emerging diseases surveillance programs...

    Karen Miyuki Asano, Aline Santana Hora, Karin Côrrea Scheffer, Willian Oliveira Fahl, Keila Iamamoto, Enio Mori and Paulo Eduardo Brandão

    Virology Journal 2016 13:110

    Published on: 24 June 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:124

  15. Short report

    Detection of chikungunya virus in saliva and urine

    Saliva and urine have been used for arthropod-borne viruses molecular detection but not yet for chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We investigated the use of saliva and urine for molecular detection of CHIKV during th...

    Didier Musso, Anita Teissier, Eline Rouault, Sylviane Teururai, Jean-Jacques de Pina and Tu-Xuan Nhan

    Virology Journal 2016 13:102

    Published on: 16 June 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:120

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