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Emerging viruses

Section Editor: Tom Geisbert, University of Texas Medical Branch, USA 
Deputy Section Editor: Chad Mire, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, USA 

The Emerging viruses section of Virology Journal includes studies covering all aspects of new and reemerging viruses that cause severe and/or lethal diseases in humans and animals. Examples of these viruses include filoviruses (Ebola, Marburg), henipaviruses (Nipah, Hendra), Lassa virus, Lujo virus, South American hemorrhagic fever viruses (Junin, Machupo, Guanarito, Chapare, Sabia), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus, hantaviruses, SARS coronavirus, MERS coronavirus, tick-borne encephalitis viruses, and Zika virus. Topics of interest include but are not limited to virus discovery, mechanisms of virus entry, assembly, protein translation, transcription and replication, pathogenesis, immunology, ecology, and epidemiology. Basic and translational research on the development of preventive vaccines and antiviral drugs and therapeutic interventions is particularly welcome.

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  1. Content type: Research

    Serologic detection of Zika virus (ZIKV) infections is challenging because of antigenic similarities among flaviviruses.

    Authors: Mariana Kikuti, Laura B. Tauro, Patrícia S. S. Moreira, Gúbio S. Campos, Igor A. D. Paploski, Scott C. Weaver, Mitermayer G. Reis, Uriel Kitron and Guilherme S. Ribeiro

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:108

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  2. Content type: Short report

    Machupo virus (MACV) is a member of the Mammarenavirus genus, Arenaviridae family and is the etiologic agent of Bolivian hemorrhagic fever, which causes small outbreaks or sporadic cases. Several other arenavirus...

    Authors: Amélie D. Zaza, Cécile H. Herbreteau and Christophe N. Peyrefitte

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:99

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  3. Content type: Research

    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by SFTS bunyavirus (SFTSV), a tick borne bunyavirus. However, Immunohistochemistry of SFTS patients are not well stud...

    Authors: Shibo Li, Yang Li, Qiujing Wang, Xuewen Yu, Miaomiao Liu, Haibo Xie, Liyong Qian, Ling Ye, Zhejuan Yang, Jianjing Zhang, Huimin Zhu and Wenhong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:97

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  4. Content type: Research

    ‘Rapid Apple Decline’ (RAD) is a newly emerging problem of young, dwarf apple trees in the Northeastern USA. The affected trees show trunk necrosis, cracking and canker before collapse in summer. In this study...

    Authors: Huawei Liu, Liping Wu, Ekaterina Nikolaeva, Kari Peter, Zongrang Liu, Dimitre Mollov, Mengji Cao and Ruhui Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:85

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  5. Content type: Research

    Hantavirus infection is a zoonotic disease that is associated with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and cardiopulmonary syndrome in human. Anjozorobe virus, a representative virus of Thailand orthohantavi...

    Authors: Vololoniaina Raharinosy, Marie-Marie Olive, Fehivola Mandanirina Andriamiarimanana, Soa Fy Andriamandimby, Jean-Pierre Ravalohery, Seta Andriamamonjy, Claudia Filippone, Danielle Aurore Doll Rakoto, Sandra Telfer and Jean-Michel Heraud

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:83

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  6. Content type: Research

    The 2014/2015 Ebolavirus outbreak resulted in more than 28,000 cases and 11,323 reported deaths, as of March 2016. Domestic transmission of the Guinea strain associated with the outbreak occurred mainly in six...

    Authors: Ameh S. James, Shawn Todd, Nina M. Pollak, Glenn A. Marsh and Joanne Macdonald

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:75

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  7. Content type: Research

    Mosquitoes are the potential vectors for a variety of viruses that can cause diseases in the human and animal populations. Viruses in the order Picornavirales infect a broad range of hosts, including mosquitoes. ...

    Authors: Harindranath Cholleti, Juliette Hayer, Jose Fafetine, Mikael Berg and Anne-Lie Blomström

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:71

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  8. Content type: Short report

    Rift Valley Fever Phlebovirus (RVFV) and Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Orthonairovirus (CCHFV) specific antibodies had been documented among humans in urban settings of the southwestern and northern Cameroon...

    Authors: Serge Alain Sadeuh-Mba, Gide Martial Yonga Wansi, Maurice Demanou, Antoine Gessain and Richard Njouom

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:63

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  9. Content type: Research

    The 4 dengue serotypes (DENV) are mosquito-borne pathogens that are associated with severe hemorrhagic disease. DENV particles have a lipid bilayer envelope that anchors two membrane glycoproteins prM and E. T...

    Authors: Stefan W. Metz, Ashlie Thomas, Laura White, Mark Stoops, Markus Corten, Holger Hannemann and Aravinda M. de Silva

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:60

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  10. Content type: Research

    Bats are natural reservoirs for several highly pathogenic and novel viruses including coronaviruses (CoVs) (mainly Alphacoronavirus and Betacoronavirus). Lyle’s flying fox (Pteropus lylei)‘s roosts and foraging s...

    Authors: Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Prateep Duengkae, Aingorn Chaiyes, Thongchai Kaewpom, Apaporn Rodpan, Sangchai Yingsakmongkon, Sininat Petcharat, Patcharakiti Phengsakul, Pattarapol Maneeorn and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:38

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  11. Content type: Research

    Rhabdoviridae is one of the most ecologically diverse families of RNA viruses which can infect a wide range of vertebrates and invertebrates. Bats, among mammals, are pointed to harbor a significantly higher p...

    Authors: Davide Lelli, Alice Prosperi, Ana Moreno, Chiara Chiapponi, Anna Maria Gibellini, Paola De Benedictis, Stefania Leopardi, Enrica Sozzi and Antonio Lavazza

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:37

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus of the family Flaviviridae and genus Flavivirus that until 2007 was restricted to a few cases of mild illness in Africa and Asia.

    Authors: Ligia Fernandes Abdalla, João Hugo Abdalla Santos, Renata Teodora Jales Barreto, Erick Martins e Souza, Fabrício Fonseca D’Assunção, Márcio Aurélio Borges, Valdinete Alves Nascimento, George Allan Villarouco da Silva, Victor Costa de Souza, Rajendranath Ramasawmy, Ana Carolina Campi-Azevedo, Jordana Graziela Coelho-dos-Reis, Lis Ribeiro do Vale Antonelli, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho and Felipe Gomes Naveca

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:23

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  13. Content type: Research

    Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which belongs to beta group of coronavirus, can infect multiple host species and causes severe diseases in humans. Multiple surveillance and phylogeneti...

    Authors: Ana Moreno, Davide Lelli, Luca de Sabato, Guendalina Zaccaria, Arianna Boni, Enrica Sozzi, Alice Prosperi, Antonio Lavazza, Eleonora Cella, Maria Rita Castrucci, Massimo Ciccozzi and Gabriele Vaccari

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:239

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2018 15:10

  14. Content type: Review

    The composition of the porcine virome includes viruses that infect pig cells, ancient virus-derived elements including endogenous retroviruses inserted in the pig chromosomes, and bacteriophages that infect a ...

    Authors: Joachim Denner

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:171

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  15. Content type: Research

    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral zoonotic disease caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a member of the genus Nairovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. CCHF is typicall...

    Authors: Hajer M. Suliman, Ibrahim A. Adam, Shamseldin I. Saeed, Sanaa A. Abdelaziz, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:147

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  16. Content type: Research

    The appearance of severe Zika virus (ZIKV) disease in the most recent outbreak has prompted researchers to respond through the development of tools to quickly characterize transmission and pathology. We descri...

    Authors: Anna B. Kawiecki, E. Handly Mayton, M. Fausta Dutuze, Brad A. Goupil, Ingeborg M. Langohr, Fabio Del Piero and Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:82

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  17. Content type: Research

    Inkoo virus (INKV) is a less known mosquito-borne virus belonging to Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus, California serogroup. Studies indicate that INKV infection is mainly asymptomatic, but can cause mild ence...

    Authors: Olivia Wesula Lwande, Göran Bucht, Clas Ahlm, Kristoffer Ahlm, Jonas Näslund and Magnus Evander

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:61

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  18. Content type: Review

    Pakistan has faced a number of significant healthcare challenges over the past decade. In 2000, one of these events - a deadly epidemic of Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) - struck Pakistan. The people ...

    Authors: Muhammad Atif, Anum Saqib, Raazeyah Ikram, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar and Shane Scahill

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:63

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  19. Content type: Research

    In recent years, novel hepadnaviruses, hepeviruses, hepatoviruses, and hepaciviruses have been discovered in various species of bat around the world, indicating that bats may act as natural reservoirs for thes...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xing-Lou Yang, Wen Li, Yan Zhu, Xing-Yi Ge, Li-Biao Zhang, Yun-Zhi Zhang, Claus-Thomas Bock and Zheng-Li Shi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:40

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