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Retroviruses

Section Editor: Linda Chelico, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Deputy Section Editor: Molly Ohainle, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, USA

The Retroviruses section of Virology Journal aims to publish research articles and reviews covering all aspects of human and animal retroviruses. We welcome basic and translational studies on the mechanisms of retrovirus replication and pathogenesis, including reports on the development of antiretroviral drugs and vaccines. Interdisciplinary research on retroviruses using multiple approaches is particularly welcome.

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  1. OX40 ligand (OX40L) co-stimulates and differentiates T cells via ligation of OX40 that is transiently induced on T cells upon activation, resulting in prolonged T cell survival and enhanced cytokine production...

    Authors: Daigo Kasahara, Azusa Takara, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Akira Kodama, Reiko Tanaka, Aftab A Ansari and Yuetsu Tanaka

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:338

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The etiology of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (FM/CFS) is currently unknown. A recurrent viral infection is an attractive hypothesis repeatedly found in the literature since it would explain the pe...

    Authors: Elisa Oltra, María García-Escudero, Armando Vicente Mena-Durán, Vicente Monsalve and Germán Cerdá-Olmedo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:332

    Content type: Research

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  3. Foamy viruses are non-pathogenic in vivo and naturally infect all species of non-human primates (NHP). Simian foamy viruses (SFV) are highly prevalent in both free ranging and captive NHP but few longitudinal stu...

    Authors: Simon Hood, Jane L Mitchell, Meera Sethi, Neil M Almond, Keith L Cutler and Nicola J Rose

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:326

    Content type: Research

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  4. HIV in Chile has a notification rate of 0.01%. Coreceptor antagonists are a family of antiretroviral drugs that are used with the prior knowledge of patients HIV-1 tropism. Viral RNA-based tropism detection re...

    Authors: Pablo Ferrer, Luisa Montecinos, Mario Tello, Rocio Tordecilla, Consuelo Rodríguez, Marcela Ferrés, Carlos M Pérez, Carlos Beltrán, Maria A Guzmán and Alejandro Afani

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:318

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Acacia catechu (Mimosa family) stem bark extracts have been used traditionally as a dietary supplement as well as a folk medicine given its reported anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antioxid...

    Authors: Nutan, Manoj Modi, Charlene S Dezzutti, Shweta Kulshreshtha, Ajay Kumar Singh Rawat, Sharad Kumar Srivastava, Swadesh Malhotra, Anjali Verma, Udaykumar Ranga and Satish Kumar Gupta

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:309

    Content type: Research

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  6. HIV trans-activator protein (Tat) is the crucial factor to control HIV transcription, and is usually considered as an important immunogen for the design of HIV vaccine. Recent studies reported some special bio...

    Authors: Ye Liu, Fusheng Li, Zhi Qi, Yanling Hao, Kunxue Hong, Yong Liu, Yulong Cong and Yiming Shao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:297

    Content type: Research

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  7. Since Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) medications were made available in 2002, multiple serious side effects have been observed. However, no study has yet systematically evaluated the prevalence o...

    Authors: Jiang Xiao, Ning Han, Di Yang and Hongxin Zhao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:261

    Content type: Research

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  8. Dendritic cells (DCs) are promising mediators of anti-tumor immune responses due to their potent antigen-presentation capacity. Unfortunately, cancer cells can often disarm differentiated DCs by rendering them...

    Authors: James CM Wang, Tânia C Felizardo, Bryan CY Au, Daniel H Fowler, Gregory A Dekaban and Jeffrey A Medin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:240

    Content type: Methodology

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  9. Integration of double stranded viral DNA is a key step in the retroviral life cycle. Virally encoded enzyme, integrase, plays a central role in this reaction. Mature forms of integrase of several retroviruses ...

    Authors: Guney Boso, Takafumi Tasaki, Yong Tae Kwon and Nikunj V Somia

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:233

    Content type: Research

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  10. Protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) can methylate the HIV-1 Tat, Rev and nucleocapsid proteins in a manner that diminishes each of their functions in in vitro assays, and increases the stability of Tat i...

    Authors: Haran Sivakumaran, Min-Hsuan Lin, Ann Apolloni, Vincent Cutillas, Hongping Jin, Dongsheng Li, Ting Wei and David Harrich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:207

    Content type: Research

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  11. Osteosarcomas are the most common primary bone malignancies found in children and adolescents. An optimized system was developed for efficient retroviral gene delivery into solid 143B osteosarcoma tumors in mi...

    Authors: Xia Zhang, Anindita Sarangi, Dai-Tze Wu, Jaya Kanduri and Monica J Roth

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:194

    Content type: Short report

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  12. A neuropathogenic variant of Friend murine leukemia virus (Fr-MLV) clone A8 induces spongiform neurodegeneration when infected into neonatal rats. Studies with chimeras constructed from the A8 virus and the no...

    Authors: Yeng Cheng Choo, Yohei Seki, Akihito Machinaga, Nobuo Ogita and Sayaka Takase-Yoden

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:124

    Content type: Research

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