Meulenberg JJM. PRRSV, the virus. Vet Res. 2000;31:11–21.
Rossow KD. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome. Vet Pathol. 1998;35:1–20.
Neumann EJ, Kliebenstein JB, Johnson CD, Mabry JW, Bush EJ, Seitzinger AH, Green AL, Zimmerman JJ. Assessment of the economic impact of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome on swine production in the United States. Javma J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;227:385–92.
Kappes MA, Faaberg KS. PRRSV structure, replication and recombination: origin of phenotype and genotype diversity. Virology. 2015;479:475–86.
Cavanagh D. Nidovirales: a new order comprising Coronaviridae and Arteriviridae. Arch Virol. 1997;142:629–33.
Dokland T. The structural biology of PRRSV. Virus Res. 2010;154:86–97.
Yun SI, Lee YM. Overview: replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. J Microbiol. 2013;51:711–23.
Klionsky DJ, Emr SD. Cell biology - autophagy as a regulated pathway of cellular degradation. Science. 2000;290:1717–21.
Kuma A, Hatano M, Matsui M, Yamamoto A, Nakaya H, Yoshimori T, Ohsumi Y, Tokuhisa T, Mizushima N. The role of autophagy during the early neonatal starvation period. Nature. 2004;432:1032–6.
Xie ZP, Klionsky DJ. Autophagosome formation: Core machinery and adaptations. Nat Cell Biol. 2007;9:1102–9.
Pyo JO, Nah J, Jung YK. Molecules and their functions in autophagy. Exp Mol Med. 2012;44:73–80.
Hanada T, Noda NN, Satomi Y, Ichimura Y, Fujioka Y, Takao T, Inagaki F, Ohsumi Y. The Atg12-Atg5 conjugate has a novel E3-like activity for protein lipidation in autophagy. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:37298–302.
Kuma A, Mizushima N, Ishihara N, Ohsumi Y. Formation of the similar to 350-kDa Apg12-Apg5 center dot Apg16 multimeric complex, mediated by Apg16 oligomerization, is essential for autophagy in yeast. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:18619–25.
Klionsky DJ, Abdalla FC, Abeliovich H, Abraham RT, Acevedo-Arozena A, Adeli K, Agholme L, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguirre-Ghiso JA, et al. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy. Autophagy. 2012;8:445–544.
He CC, Klionsky DJ: Regulation Mechanisms and Signaling Pathways of Autophagy. In Annual Review of Genetics. Volume 43; 2009: 67–93: Annual Review of Genetics].
Zamponi N, Zamponi E, Mayol GF, Lanfredi-Rangel A, Svard SG, Touz MC. Endoplasmic reticulum is the sorting core facility in the Golgi-lacking protozoan Giardia lamblia. Traffic. 2017;18:604–21.
Walter P, Ron D. The unfolded protein response: from stress pathway to homeostatic regulation. Science. 2011;334:1081–6.
Ron D, Walter P. Signal integration in the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2007;8:519–29.
Xu CY, Bailly-Maitre B, Reed JC. Endoplasmic reticulum stress: cell life and death decisions. J Clin Investig. 2005;115:2656–64.
Lin JH, Walter P, Yen TSB: Endoplasmic reticulum stress in disease pathogenesis. In Annual Review of Pathology-Mechanisms of Disease. Volume 3; 2008: 399–425: Annual Review of Pathology-Mechanisms of Disease].
Yoshida H. ER stress and diseases. FEBS J. 2007;274:630–58.
Huo Y, Fan L, Yin S, Dong Y, Guo X, Yang H, Hu H. Involvement of unfolded protein response, p53 and Akt in modulation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus-mediated JNK activation. Virology. 2013;444:233–40.
Cottam EM, Maier HJ, Manifava M, Vaux LC, Chandra-Schoenfelder P, Gerner W, Britton P, Ktistakis NT, Wileman T. Coronavirus nsp6 proteins generate autophagosomes from the endoplasmic reticulum via an omegasome intermediate. Autophagy. 2011;7:1335–47.
Cottam EM, Whelband MC, Wileman T. Coronavirus NSP6 restricts autophagosome expansion. Autophagy. 2014;10:1426–41.
Guevin C, Manna D, Belanger C, Konan KV, Mak P, Labonte P. Autophagy protein ATG5 interacts transiently with the hepatitis polymerase (NS5B) early during infection. Virology. 2010;405:1–7.
Zhang HT, Chen GG, Hu BG, Zhang ZY, Yun JP, He ML, Lai PBS. Hepatitis B virus x protein induces autophagy via activating death-associated protein kinase. J Viral Hepat. 2014;21:642–9.
Liu B, Fang MD, Hu Y, Huang BS, Li N, Chang CM, Huang R, Xu X, Yang ZG, Chen Z, Liu W. Hepatitis B virus X protein inhibits autophagic degradation by impairing lysosomal maturation. Autophagy. 2014;10:416–30.
Sun MX, Huang L, Wang R, Yu YL, Li C, Li PP, Hu XC, Hao HP, Ishag HA, Mao X. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus induces autophagy to promote virus replication. Autophagy. 2012;8:1434–47.
Chen QG, Fang LR, Wang D, Wang SH, Li P, Li M, Luo R, Chen HC, Xiao SB. Induction of autophagy enhances porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus replication. Virus Res. 2012;163:650–5.
Liu QH, Qin YX, Zhou L, Kou QW, Guo X, Ge XN, Yang HC. Hu HB: autophagy sustains the replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus in host cells. Virology. 2012;429:136–47.
Li SF, Wang JX, Zhou A, Khan FA, Hu L, Zhang SJ. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus triggers mitochondrial fission and mitophagy to attenuate apoptosis. Oncotarget. 2016;7:56002–12.
Li SF, Zhou A, Wang JX, Zhang SJ. Interplay of autophagy and apoptosis during PRRSV infection of Marc145 cell. Infection Genetics and Evolution. 2016;39:51–4.
Zhou A, Li SF, Khan FA, Zhang SJ. Autophagy postpones apoptotic cell death in PRRSV infection through bad-Beclin1 interaction. Virulence. 2016;7:98–109.
Mizushima N, Noda T, Ohsumi Y. Apg16p is required for the function of the Apg12p-Apg5p conjugate in the yeast autophagy pathway. EMBO J. 1999;18:3888–96.
Mizushima N, Yoshimori T, Ohsumi Y: The Role of Atg Proteins in Autophagosome Formation. In Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vol 27. Volume 27. Edited by Schekman R, Goldstein L, Lehmann R; 2011: 107–132: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology].
Hailey DW, Rambold AS, Satpute-Krishnan P, Mitra K, Sougrat R, Kim PK, Lippincott-Schwartz J. Mitochondria supply membranes for autophagosome biogenesis during starvation. Cell. 2010;141:656–67.
Axe EL, Walker SA, Manifava M, Chandra P, Roderick HL, Habermann A, Griffiths G, Ktistakis NT. Autophagosome formation from membrane compartments enriched in phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and dynamically connected to the endoplasmic reticulum. J Cell Biol. 2008;182:685–701.
Zinszner H, Kuroda M, Wang X, Batchvarova N, Lightfoot RT, Remotti H, Stevens JL, Ron D. CHOP is implicated in programmed cell death in response to impaired function of the endoplasmic reticulum. Genes Dev. 1998;12:982–95.
Songane M, Kleinnijenhuis J, Netea MG, van Crevel R. The role of autophagy in host defence against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Tuberculosis. 2012;92:388–96.
Zhang W, Chen K, Zhang X, Guo C, Chen Y, Liu X. An integrated analysis of membrane remodeling during porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus replication and assembly. PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0200919. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200919.
Richards AL, Jackson WT. How positive-Strand RNA viruses benefit from autophagosome maturation. J Virol. 2013;87:9966–72.
Gordy C, He Y-W. The crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis: where does this lead? Protein & Cell. 2012;3:17–27.
Wang L, Ou JH. Hepatitis C virus and autophagy. Biol Chem. 2015;396:1215–22.
Wang X, Hou L, Du J, Zhou L, Ge X, Guo X, Yang H. Capsid, membrane and NS3 are the major viral proteins involved in autophagy induced by Japanese encephalitis virus. Vet Microbiol. 2015;178:217–29.
Wu H, Zhai X, Chen Y, Wang R, Lin L, Chen S, Wang T, Zhong X, Wu X, Wang Y, et al. Protein 2B of Coxsackievirus B3 induces autophagy relying on its transmembrane hydrophobic sequences. Viruses. 2016;8.