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  1. The distribution of deformed wing virus infection within the honey bee reproductive castes (queens, drones) was investigated by in situ hybridization and immunohistology from paraffin embedded sections. Digoxygen...

    Authors: Julie Fievet, Diana Tentcheva, Laurent Gauthier, Joachim de Miranda, François Cousserans, Marc Edouard Colin and Max Bergoin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:16

    Content type: Short report

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  2. The Coccolithoviridae is a recently discovered family of viruses that infect the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Following on from the sequencing of the type strain EhV-86, we have sequenced a second s...

    Authors: Michael J Allen, Declan C Schroeder, Andrew Donkin, Katharine J Crawfurd and William H Wilson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  3. A number of gene therapy applications would benefit from vectors capable of expressing multiple genes. In this study we explored the feasibility and efficiency of expressing two or three transgenes in HIV-1 ba...

    Authors: Dhanalakshmi Chinnasamy, Michael D Milsom, James Shaffer, James Neuenfeldt, Aimen F Shaaban, Geoffrey P Margison, Leslie J Fairbairn and Nachimuthu Chinnasamy

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  4. Papillomaviruses undergo a complex life cycle requiring regulated DNA replication. The papillomavirus E1 helicase is essential for viral DNA replication and plays a key role in controlling viral genome copy nu...

    Authors: Michael R Lentz, Stanley M Stevens Jr, Joshua Raynes and Nancy Elkhoury

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  5. Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) has a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome that serves as the mRNA for two 5'-proximal genes, p48 and p112. The p112 open reading frame (ORF) has a GDD-motif, a feature of virus R...

    Authors: Jeffrey S Batten, Massimo Turina and Karen-Beth G Scholthof

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  6. D-type simian retrovirus-2 (SRV-2) causes an AIDS-like immune deficiency syndrome (SAIDS) in various macaque species. SAIDS is often accompanied by retroperitoneal fibromatosis (RF), an aggressive fibroprolife...

    Authors: Jeannette Philipp-Staheli, Taya Marquardt, Margaret E Thouless, A Gregory Bruce, Richard F Grant, Che-Chung Tsai and Timothy M Rose

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:11

    Content type: Research

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  7. Although many vaccinia virus proteins have been identified and studied in detail, only a few studies have attempted a comprehensive survey of the protein composition of the vaccinia virion. These projects have...

    Authors: Jennifer D Yoder, Tsefang S Chen, Cliff R Gagnier, Srilakshmi Vemulapalli, Claudia S Maier and Dennis E Hruby

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:10

    Content type: Research

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  8. Genetic redirection of lymphocytes that have been genetically engineered to recognize antigens other than those originally programmed in their germlines is a potentially powerful tool for immunotherapy of canc...

    Authors: Anthony Simmons, Robert P Whitehead, Andrey A Kolokoltsov and Robert A Davey

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  9. A 21-year-old man presented with nasal obstruction of the right nasal fossa of 1 year duration. Nasal endoscopy revealed in the right inferior turbinate head a rounded neoplasm about 1 cm in diameter.

    Authors: Matteo Gelardi, Marilena Tomaiuolo, Michele Cassano, Gaspare Besozzi, Maria Luisa Fiorella, Agata Calvario, Maria Antonia Castellano and Pasquale Cassano

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:6

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Nicotiana benthamiana plants were stably transformed with an intron-spliced dsRNA producing construct cognate to bidirectional promoter of African cassava mosaic geminivirus (ACMV) DNA A. Transgenic lines express...

    Authors: Afzal Muhammad Dogar

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:5

    Content type: Short report

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  11. Although the sequence of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome is generally conserved among unrelated clinical strains, some open reading frames (ORFs) are highly variable. UL146 and UL147, which encode CXC ...

    Authors: Nell S Lurain, Andrea M Fox, Heather M Lichy, Sangeeta M Bhorade, Carl F Ware, Diana D Huang, Sau-Ping Kwan, Edward R Garrity and Sunwen Chou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  12. Human polyomavirus JC (JCV), the etiological agent of the disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) affects immunocompromised patients particularly patients with AIDS. In vitro studies of JCV infec...

    Authors: Moti L Chapagain, Taylor Nguyen, Thomas Bui, Saguna Verma and Vivek R Nerurkar

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:3

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Encephalitis caused by flaviviruses, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) and West Nile virus (WNV) is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in many endemic countries. Dengue-2 (Den-2) virus is a re...

    Authors: Rangaiah S Jayakeerthi, Raghava V Potula, S Srinivasan and S Badrinath

    Citation: Virology Journal 2006 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  14. The actin cytoskeleton has been implicated in playing an important role assembly and budding of several RNA virus families including retroviruses and paramyxoviruses. In this report, we sought to determine whe...

    Authors: Ziying Han and Ronald N Harty

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:92

    Content type: Short report

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  15. Molecular epidemiological investigation of measles outbreaks can document the interruption of endemic measles transmission and is useful for establishing and clarifying epidemiological links between cases in g...

    Authors: Michaela A Riddell, Jennifer S Rota and Paul A Rota

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:87

    Content type: Review

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  16. Poliovirus protein 3CDpro possesses both proteinase and RNA binding activities, which are located in the 3Cpro domain of the protein. The RNA polymerase (3Dpol) domain of 3CDpro modulates these activities of the ...

    Authors: David Franco, Harsh B Pathak, Craig E Cameron, Bart Rombaut, Eckard Wimmer and Aniko V Paul

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:86

    Content type: Research

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  17. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. Although several experimental RSV vaccines are under investigation, immuno therapy is th...

    Authors: Edyta Zielinska, Daiqing Liu, Hong-Yin Wu, Jorge Quiroz, Ruth Rappaport and Da-Ping Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:84

    Content type: Methodology

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  18. Inactive carriers forms the largest group in chronic HBV infected patients. Around 300 million people are inactive carriers The inactive HBsAg carrier state is diagnosed by absence of HBeAg and presence of ant...

    Authors: Sanjeev Kumar Sharma, Nitin Saini and Yogesh Chwla

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:82

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is of growing concern in public health with around 350 million chronically infected individuals worldwide. Although the IFN-α/rivabirin is the only approved therapy with 10–30...

    Authors: Carmen E Gómez, Andrée Marie Vandermeeren, María Angel García, Elena Domingo-Gil and Mariano Esteban

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:81

    Content type: Research

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  20. In 1994, Chang and Moore reported on the latest of the gammaherpesviruses to infect humans, human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) [1]. This novel herpesvirus has and continues to present challenges to define its scope of i...

    Authors: Daniel C Edelman

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:78

    Content type: Review

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  21. Acute retinal necrosis is a sight-threatening disease caused by the group of herpesviruses. The aim of this paper is to report a case of acute retinal necrosis following ocular trauma in a patient initially tr...

    Authors: Petra Svozílková, Eva Říhová, Pavel Diblík, Pavel Kuthan, Zdeněk Kovařík and Bohdana Kalvodová

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:77

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a highly fatal viral disease affecting marine-farmed Atlantic salmon which is caused by ISA virus (ISAV), a fish orthomyxovirus that has recently been assigned to the new genus

    Authors: Molly JT Kibenge, Khalid Munir and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:75

    Content type: Short report

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  23. The entry of the SARS coronavirus (SCV) into cells is initiated by binding of its spike envelope glycoprotein (S) to a receptor, ACE2. We and others identified the receptor-binding domain (RBD) by using S frag...

    Authors: Samitabh Chakraborti, Ponraj Prabakaran, Xiaodong Xiao and Dimiter S Dimitrov

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:73

    Content type: Research

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  24. Previous studies presented the quasispecies spectrum of the envelope region of dengue virus type 3 (DENV-3) from either clinical specimens or field-caught mosquitoes. However, the extent of sequence variation ...

    Authors: Day-Yu Chao, Chwan-Chuen King, Wei-Kung Wang, Wei-June Chen, Hui-Lin Wu and Gwong-Jen J Chang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:72

    Content type: Research

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  25. White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is an important pathogen of the penaeid shrimp with high mortalities. In previous reports, Orf427 of WSSV is characterized as one of the three major latency-associated genes of WS...

    Authors: Liqun Lu, Hai Wang, Ivanus Manopo, Li Yu and Jimmy Kwang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:71

    Content type: Research

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  26. Much of the worlds' population is in active or imminent danger from established infectious pathogens, while sporadic and pandemic infections by these and emerging agents threaten everyone. RNA polymerases (RNApol

    Authors: Richard Sallie

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:70

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  27. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a newly discovered coronavirus (SARS-CoV). No effective prophylactic or post-exposure therapy is currently available.

    Authors: Martin J Vincent, Eric Bergeron, Suzanne Benjannet, Bobbie R Erickson, Pierre E Rollin, Thomas G Ksiazek, Nabil G Seidah and Stuart T Nichol

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:69

    Content type: Research

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  28. Approximately 25% of hemophiliacs that were frequently exposed to blood clotting factor concentrates (CFCs) contaminated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are presently HIV seronegative. In this study, w...

    Authors: Scott A Tenenbaum, Cindy A Morris, Steve S Alexander, Harris E McFerrin, Robert F Garry and Cindy A Leissinger

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:65

    Content type: Research

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  29. The discovery and genome analysis of Acanthamoeba polyphaga Mimivirus, the largest known DNA virus, challenged much of the accepted dogma regarding viruses. Its particle size (>400 nm), genome length (1.2 million...

    Authors: Elodie Ghedin and Jean-Michel Claverie

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:62

    Content type: Research

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  30. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Genital Ulcer Disease (GUD) is an important public health problem, whose interaction with HIV results in mutually enhancing epidemics. Conventional methods for detecting HSV tend to ...

    Authors: Esther AN Aryee, Robin L Bailey, Angels Natividad-Sancho, Steve Kaye and Martin J Holland

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:61

    Content type: Research

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  31. Around 400 million people worldwide are chronically infected with Hepatitis B virus (HBV). An estimated 10% of these chronic patients develop progressive liver damage including cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Car...

    Authors: Bernal León, Lizeth Taylor, Minor Vargas, Ronald B Luftig, Federico Albertazzi, Libia Herrero and Kirsten Visona

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:60

    Content type: Research

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