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  1. Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) is an acute and highly contagious enteric disease caused by PED virus (PEDV), characterized by vomitting, watery diarrhea and fatal dehydration with high mortality in sucking pi...

    Authors: Yifeng Chen, Zhibang Zhang, Jie Li, Yueyi Gao, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Jun Han, Xin Guo and Hanchun Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:170

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRSV) is an important immunosuppressive virus which can suppresses infected cells proliferation. In this work, we examined PRRSV ability to manipulate cell ...

    Authors: Linlin Song, Ximeng Han, Cunyu Jia, Xin Zhang, Yunjie Jiao, Taofeng Du, Shuqi Xiao, Julian A. Hiscox, En-Min Zhou and Yang Mu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:169

    Content type: Research

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  3. Viral disease has become the most severe constraint for the cultivation and production of Passiflora edulis in China. The infection of Telosma mosaic virus (TeMV), a potyvirus, and its effects on the phytochemica...

    Authors: Shuangshuang Chen, Nannan Yu, Shaohuan Yang, Baoping Zhong and Hanhong Lan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:168

    Content type: Research

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  4. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human Rhinovirus (HRV) and human Metapneumo Virus (HMPV) are important viral pathogens causing acute respiratory tract infections in the hospitalized patients. Sensitive and ...

    Authors: Zhi-shan Feng, Li Zhao, Ji Wang, Fang-zhou Qiu, Meng-chuan Zhao, Le Wang, Su-xia Duan, Rui-qing Zhang, Chen Chen, Ju-Ju Qi, Tao Fan, Gui-xia Li and Xue-jun Ma

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:167

    Content type: Methodology

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  5. Cervical cancer screening with assays detecting DNA of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) types is more effective than cytology-based screening. This study completes the diagnostic accuracy assessment cond...

    Authors: Ajmal Akbari, Davy Vanden Broeck, Ina Benoy, Elizaveta Padalko, Johannes Bogers and Marc Arbyn

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:166

    Content type: Research

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  6. Limited data are available on the incidence of variations in nucleotide sequences of long terminal repeat (LTR) regions of Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV). Consequently, the possible impact of SNPs on BLV LTR func...

    Authors: Aneta Pluta, Marzena Rola-Łuszczak, Renée N Douville and Jacek Kuźmak

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:165

    Content type: Research

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  7. The H6N1 subtype of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) can infect people with an influenza-like illness; the H6N1 viruses possess the ability for zoonotic transmission from avians into mammals, and possibly pose a...

    Authors: Haibo Wu, Fan Yang, Fumin Liu, Rufeng Lu, Xiuming Peng, Bin Chen, Hangping Yao and Nanping Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:164

    Content type: Research

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  8. In 2017 the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of an outbreak of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country with 146 cases with 2 deaths. The analysis of ...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Olusola Anuoluwapo Akanbi, Dominik Harms, Olufisayo Adesina, Folakemi Abiodun Osundare, Dhamari Naidoo, Isabel Deveaux, Opeayo Ogundiran, Uzoma Ugochukwu, Nwando Mba, Chikwe Ihekweazu and C.-Thomas Bock

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:163

    Content type: Short report

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  9. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is a key cytosolic receptor of the innate immune system. Seneca valley virus (SVV) is a newly emerging RNA virus that infects pigs causing significant economic losses in ...

    Authors: Pengfei Li, Xiangle Zhang, Weijun Cao, Fan Yang, Xiaoli Du, Zhengwang Shi, Miaotao Zhang, Xiangtao Liu, Zixiang Zhu and Haixue Zheng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:162

    Content type: Research

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  10. Rotaviruses (RVs) are a major cause of acute children gastroenteritis. The rotavirus P [10] belongs to P[I] genogroup of group A rotaviruses that mainly infect animals, while the rotavirus P [10] was mainly id...

    Authors: Li-li Pang, Meng-xuan Wang, Xiao-man Sun, Yue Yuan, Yu Qing, Yan Xin, Jia-yan Zhang, Dan-di Li and Zhao-jun Duan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:161

    Content type: Research

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  11. Measles (MEV) and mumps virus (MUV) are enveloped, non-segmented, negative single stranded RNA viruses of the family Paramyxoviridae, and are the cause of measles and mumps, respectively, both preventable by vacc...

    Authors: Dora Sviben, Dubravko Forcic, Beata Halassy, Günter Allmaier, Martina Marchetti-Deschmann and Marija Brgles

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:160

    Content type: Research

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  12. Abnormally increased immune activation is one of the main pathological features of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study aimed to determine whether long-term nonprogression (LTNP) suppresses th...

    Authors: Miaomiao Zhang, Zhuotao Fu, Jiantao Chen, Boqiang Zhu, Ye Cheng and Linchun Fu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:159

    Content type: Research

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  13. Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is endemic among population of young children in Thailand. The disease is mostly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16).

    Authors: Hatairat Lerdsamran, Jarunee Prasertsopon, Anek Mungaomklang, Chompunuch Klinmalai, Pirom Noisumdaeng, Kantima Sangsiriwut, Boonrat Tassaneetrithep, Ratigorn Guntapong, Sopon Iamsirithaworn and Pilaipan Puthavathana

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:158

    Content type: Research

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  14. Recent systems for Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1) viral load (VL) monitoring allow one-by-one analysis and fast turn-around-time for results. VL measurement on two rapid recently commercialized systems...

    Authors: Charlotte Pronier, Sarrah Boukthir, Laura Courtellemont, Gisèle Lagathu, Anne Maillard and Vincent Thibault

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:156

    Content type: Research

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  15. Zika virus (ZIKV) became a global human health concern owing to its rapid spread worldwide and its association with congenital and neurological disorders. The current epidemiological profile of arboviruses in ...

    Authors: Lívia Sacchetto, Danielle Alves Gomes Zauli, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Sarah Anne J Guagliardo, Luige Biciati Alvim, Feliciana Lage de Oliveira Marinho, Jônatas Santos Abrahão, Giliane de Souza Trindade, Erna Geessien Kroon, Elvis Cristian Cueva Mateo and Betânia Paiva Drumond

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:155

    Content type: Short report

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  16. In the original publication of article [1], ‘20 × 101 copies’, which is in the sentence ‘As seen in Fig. 4, the sensitivity of the specimens containing equal to or more than 20 × 101 copies in 2 μL of extracted D...

    Authors: Hitomi Kinoshita, Kazuo Nakamichi, Chang-Kweng Lim, Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito, Lixin Wang, Itoe Iizuka, Ichiro Kurane and Masayuki Saijo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:154

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2018 15:136

  17. Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause a wide range of diseases worldwide, including respiratory infections. Studies on HAdV molecular epidemiology are limited in Cameroon. The purpose of this study is to document t...

    Authors: Sebastien Kenmoe, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Jerôme Le Goff, Véronique Beng Penlap, Astrid Vabret and Richard Njouom

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:153

    Content type: Research

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  18. An HIV cure has not yet been achieved because latent viral reservoirs persist, particularly in resting CD4+ T lymphocytes. In vitro, it is difficult to infect resting CD4+ T cells with HIV-1, but infections readi...

    Authors: Meghan Schilthuis, Seth Verkaik, Mackenzie Walhof, Andrew Philipose, Olivia Harlow, Derrick Kamp, Bo Ram Kim and Anding Shen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:152

    Content type: Research

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  19. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure has played a vital role in management of portal hypertension. Thus, we aimed to investigate the natural history, long-term clinical outcome, predi...

    Authors: Dengke Teng, Hao Zuo, Lin Liu, Jinghui Dong and Lei Ding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:151

    Content type: Research

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  20. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 3 infection with advanced liver disease has emerged as a challenging to treat by direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the efficacy of DAAs in Chinese HCV-GT3 patie...

    Authors: Ya-Chao Tao, Rong Deng, Meng-Lan Wang, Duo-Duo Lv, Man Yuan, Yong-Hong Wang, En-Qiang Chen and Hong Tang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:150

    Content type: Research

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  21. Human adenoviruses are common causes of community-acquired respiratory tract and enteric infections. Severe disseminated infections with high mortality rates may be seen in immunocompromised individuals. An ac...

    Authors: Samson S. Y. Wong, Cyril C. Y. Yip, Siddharth Sridhar, Kit-Hang Leung, Andrew K. W. Cheng, Ami M. Y. Fung, Ho-Yin Lam, Kwok-Hung Chan, Jasper F. W. Chan, Vincent C. C. Cheng, Bone S. F. Tang and Kwok-Yung Yuen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:149

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. A serological method to simultaneously detect antibodies against infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is imperative for the differential diagnosis and evaluation of a...

    Authors: Huanan Wang, Feng Cong, Jianchi Guan, Li Xiao, Yujun Zhu, Yuexiao Lian, Ren Huang, Meili Chen and Pengju Guo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:146

    Content type: Methodology

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  23. Torquetenovirus (TTV) belongs to Anelloviridae family, infects nearly all people indefinitely without causing overt disease establishing a fine and successful interaction with the host. Increasing evidence have s...

    Authors: Francesco Martelli, Lisa Macera, Pietro Giorgio Spezia, Chiara Medici, Mauro Pistello, Daniele Guasti, Paolo Romagnoli, Fabrizio Maggi and Simone Giannecchini

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:145

    Content type: Research

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  24. We evaluated the frequency of naturally occurring resistance associated substitutions (RASs) and their characteristic of polymorphic or non-polymorphic amino acid change to direct acting antivirals (DAAs) in N...

    Authors: Sabrina Bagaglio, Caterina Uberti-Foppa, Alessandro Olgiati, Emanuela Messina, Hamid Hasson, Camilla Ferri and Giulia Morsica

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:144

    Content type: Research

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  25. Antiretrovirals have been available in Ghana since 2003 for HIV-1 positive pregnant women for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). Suboptimal responses to treatment observed post-PMTCT intervent...

    Authors: Alexander Martin-Odoom, Charles Addoquaye Brown, John Kofi Odoom, Evelyn Yayra Bonney, Nana Afia Asante Ntim, Elena Delgado, Margaret Lartey, Kwamena William Sagoe, Theophilus Adiku and William Kwabena Ampofo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:143

    Content type: Research

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  26. Tembusu virus is a newly emerging flavivirus that caused egg-drop syndrome in ducks in China. TMUV envelope protein is a major structural protein locates at the surface of tembusu virus particle. During tembus...

    Authors: Dongmin Zhao, Kaikai Han, Xinmei Huang, Lijiao Zhang, Huili Wang, Na Liu, Yujie Tian, Qingtao Liu, Jing Yang, Yuzhuo Liu and Yin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The non-translated regions at the genome ends of RNA viruses serve diverse functions and can exhibit various levels of nucleotide (nt) heterogeneity. However, the extent of nt heterogeneity at the extreme term...

    Authors: Angel Y. S. Chen, Shizu Watanabe, Raymond Yokomi and James C. K. Ng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:141

    Content type: Research

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  28. Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV), a pathogenic flavivirus, emerged in China since 2010 and causing huge economic loss in the Chinese poultry industry. Although several vaccines have been reported to control DTMUV di...

    Authors: Jingyu Tang, Zhuangli Bi, Mingyang Ding, Dongdong Yin, Jie Zhu, Li Zhang, Qiuhong Miao, Yingqi Zhu, Guijun Wang and Guangqing Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:140

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Tobacco curly shoot virus (TbCSV) is a monopartite begomovirus associated with betasatellite (Tobacco curly shoot betasatellite, TbCSB), which causes serious leaf curl disease on tomato and tobacco in China. It i...

    Authors: Ke Li, Gentu Wu, Mingjun Li, Mingge Ma, Jiang Du, Miao Sun, Xianchao Sun and Ling Qing

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:138

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Ad-HBV is a product (T101) aiming to treat chronic HBV firstly developed by Transgene S.A., France then by Transgene Tasly (Tianjin) Biopharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tianjin, China in China.

    Authors: Xuefeng Zhang, Jing Wang, Jing Lu, Rongrong Li and Shuli Zhao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:137

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2018 15:111

  31. JC polyomavirus (JCV) is the causative agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system in immunosuppressed patients. PML usually has a poor prog...

    Authors: Hitomi Kinoshita, Kazuo Nakamichi, Chang-Kweng Lim, Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito, Lixin Wang, Itoe Iizuka, Ichiro Kurane and Masayuki Saijo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:136

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2018 15:154

  32. Currently, no FDA-approved vaccines or treatments are available for Ebola virus disease (EVD), and therapy remains largely supportive. Ebola virus (EBOV) has broad tissue tropism and can infect a variety of ce...

    Authors: Manasi Tamhankar, Dawn M. Gerhardt, Richard S. Bennett, Nicole Murphy, Peter B. Jahrling and Jean L. Patterson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:135

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Geminiviruses cause major losses to several economically important crops. Pedilanthus leaf curl virus (PeLCV) is a pathogenic geminivirus that appeared in the last decade and is continuously increasing its host r...

    Authors: Sara Shakir, Muhammad Shah Nawaz-ul-Rehman, Muhammad Mubin and Zulfiqar Ali

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:134

    Content type: Research

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  34. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is emerging as a pathogenic coronavirus that causes a huge economic burden to the swine industry. Interaction of the viral spike (S) surface glycoprotein with the host ce...

    Authors: Lang Gong, Ying Lin, Jianru Qin, Qianniu Li, Chunyi Xue and Yongchang Cao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:133

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Viral infection activates innate immune pathways and interferons (IFNs) play a pivotal role in the outcome of a viral infection. Ubiquitin modifications of host and viral proteins significantly influence the p...

    Authors: Tingting Feng, Lei Deng, Xiaochuan Lu, Wen Pan, Qihan Wu and Jianfeng Dai

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne infection worldwide and a serious threat to global public health. Sporadic dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV-2) imported cases from Myanmar have been documented almost ever...

    Authors: Zhaoping Zeng, Jiandong Shi, Xiaofang Guo, Ling Mo, Ningzhu Hu, Jing Sun, Meini Wu, Hongning Zhou and Yunzhang Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus within the family Togaviridae, which has attracted global attention due to its recent re-emergence. In one of our previous studies, we successfully i...

    Authors: Xiaomin Zhang, Yalan Huang, Miao Wang, Fan Yang, Chunli Wu, Dana Huang, Linghong Xiong, Chengsong Wan, Jinquan Cheng and Renli Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:130

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Epidemiological studies have established human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as the central cause of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and its precursor lesions. HIV is associated with a higher prevalence and pe...

    Authors: Sonia Menon, Rodolfo Rossi, Mbabazi Kariisa and Steven Callens

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:129

    Content type: Commentary

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  39. Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has a viral aetiology and is caused by viruses belonging to the genus Ipomovirus (family Potyviridae), Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus ...

    Authors: Esperance Munganyinka, Paolo Margaria, Samar Sheat, Elijah M. Ateka, Fred Tairo, Joseph Ndunguru and Stephan Winter

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:128

    Content type: Methodology

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  40. Pear ring rot, caused by Botryosphaeria species, is responsible for substantial economic losses by causing severe recession of pear tree growth in China. Mycovirus-mediated hypovirulence in plant pathogenic fungi...

    Authors: Lihua Wang, Hui Luo, Wangcheng Hu, Yuekun Yang, Ni Hong, Guoping Wang, Aiming Wang and Liping Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:126

    Content type: Research

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  41. Bocaviruses have been reported to cause respiratory tract infection and gastroenteritis in most animal species. In cats, different genotype bocaviruses have been identified in USA, Japan, Hong Kong and Portuga...

    Authors: Shushuai Yi, Jiangting Niu, Hualei Wang, Guoying Dong, Yanli Zhao, Hao Dong, Yanbing Guo, Kai Wang and Guixue Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are primarily known for their innate immune defense against invading microorganisms, including viruses. In addition, recent research has suggested their modulatory activity in imm...

    Authors: Ju Kim, Ye Lin Yang, Sun-Hee Jang and Yong-Suk Jang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Pneumonia is a serious public health issue and is concerned around the world. This study is to investigate the association between viral load in children with human adenovirus (HAdV) pneumonia and disease seve...

    Authors: Leyun Xie, Bing Zhang, Jieying Zhou, Han Huang, Saizhen Zeng, Qin Liu, Zhiping Xie, Hanchun Gao, Zhaojun Duan and Lili Zhong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:123

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Lokern virus (LOKV) is a poorly characterized arthropod-borne virus belonging to the genus Orthobunyavirus (family Peribunyaviridae). All viruses in this genus have tripartite, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA...

    Authors: Chandra S. Tangudu, Jermilia Charles and Bradley J. Blitvich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Burkina Faso is a high endemicity country for HBV infection. However, there are few data on vaccine coverage against HBV. The aim of this study was to contribute to the improvement of HBV vaccine coverage in O...

    Authors: Birama Diarra, Albert Theophane Yonli, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Theodora Mahoukèdè Zohoncon, Lassina Traore, Christelle Nadembega, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Justine Yara, Virginio Pietra, Paul Ouedraogo, Alain Bougouma, Rokia Sanogo and Jacques Simpore

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on: