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Page 87 of 95

  1. Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a fatal disorder threatening domesticated and wild psittacine birds worldwide. It is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the ganglia of the central and...

    Authors: Amy L Kistler, Ady Gancz, Susan Clubb, Peter Skewes-Cox, Kael Fischer, Katherine Sorber, Charles Y Chiu, Avishai Lublin, Sara Mechani, Yigal Farnoushi, Alexander Greninger, Christopher C Wen, Scott B Karlene, Don Ganem and Joseph L DeRisi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:88
  2. HIV expressed in genital secretions provides the inoculum from which transmitting variants are selected, both in sexual transmission and mother-to-infant transmission during partuition. Characterization of HIV...

    Authors: Tara C Randolph, Patricia J Kissinger, Rebecca A Clark, Nedra Lacour and Angela M Amedee
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:87
  3. Influenza A viruses of domestic birds originate from the natural reservoir in aquatic birds as a result of interspecies transmission and adaptation to new host species. We previously noticed that influenza vir...

    Authors: Alexandra S Gambaryan, Alexander B Tuzikov, Galina V Pazynina, Julia A Desheva, Nicolai V Bovin, Mikhail N Matrosovich and Alexander I Klimov
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:85
  4. Hepatitis B (HBV) infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and it is associated to a higher risk of chronic evolution in infected children. In Italy the anti-HBV vaccination was introduced in...

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Nicola Nicolotti, Chiara de Waure, Giacomina Chiaradia, Maria Lucia Specchia, Alice Mannocci and Walter Ricciardi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:84
  5. As HIV-specific cytotoxic T cells play a key role during acute and chronic HIV-1 infection in humans, the ability of potential anti-HIV vaccines to elicit strong, broad T cell responses is likely to be crucial...

    Authors: Silvia Cellini, Cinzia Fortini, Eleonora Gallerani, Federica Destro, Egidio Brocca Cofano, Antonella Caputo and Riccardo Gavioli
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:81
  6. The monoclonal antibody VN04-2 was previously shown to protect mice against lethal A/Vietnam/1203/04 H5N1 virus challenge when administered pre- and post-infection. In this study, we characterized the binding ...

    Authors: Angeline PC Lim, Steven KK Wong, Annie HY Chan, Conrad EZ Chan, Eng Eong Ooi and Brendon J Hanson
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:80
  7. The most often used mumps vaccine strains Jeryl Lynn (JL), RIT4385, Urabe-AM9, L-Zagreb and L-3 differ in immunogenicity and reactogenicity. Previous analyses showed that JL, Urabe-AM9 and L-3 are genetically ...

    Authors: Tanja Kosutic-Gulija, Dubravko Forcic, Maja Šantak, Ana Ramljak, Sanja Mateljak-Lukacevic and Renata Mazuran
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:79
  8. Pre-treatment HCV quasispecies complexity and diversity may predict response to interferon based anti-viral therapy. The objective of this study was to retrospectively (1) examine temporal changes in quasispec...

    Authors: Isabelle Moreau, John Levis, Orla Crosbie, Elizabeth Kenny-Walsh and Liam J Fanning
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:78
  9. The emergence of high pathogenicity strains of Influenza A virus in a variety of human and animal hosts, with wide geographic distribution, has highlighted the importance of rapid identification and subtyping ...

    Authors: Alejandra Castillo Alvarez, Marion EG Brunck, Victoria Boyd, Richard Lai, Elena Virtue, Wenbin Chen, Cheryl Bletchly, Hans G Heine and Ross Barnard
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:77
  10. Presumptive phage particles associated with Xylella fastidiosa strain Temecula-1 grown in PW broth were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in ultrathin sections of bacterial cell-containing low sp...

    Authors: Jianchi Chen and Edwin L Civerolo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:75
  11. There is a significant requirement for the development and acquisition of reagents that will facilitate effective diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lassa fever. In this regard, recombinant Lassa virus (L...

    Authors: Luis M Branco, Alex Matschiner, Joseph N Fair, Augustine Goba, Darryl B Sampey, Philip J Ferro, Kathleen A Cashman, Randal J Schoepp, Robert B Tesh, Daniel G Bausch, Robert F Garry and Mary C Guttieri
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:74
  12. The construction of expression vectors derived from the human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5), usually based on homologous recombination, is time consuming as a shuttle plasmid has to be selected before recombination ...

    Authors: Laurent Mailly, Charlotte Boulade-Ladame, Georges Orfanoudakis and François Deryckere
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:73
  13. Hepatitis C virus isolates have been classified into six main genotypes and a variable number of subtypes within each genotype, mainly based on phylogenetic analysis. Analyses of the genetic relationship among...

    Authors: Maria A Bracho, Verónica Saludes, Elisa Martró, Ana Bargalló, Fernando González-Candelas and Vicent Ausina
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:72
  14. The global spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus has stimulated interest in a better understanding of the mechanisms of H5N1 dispersal, including the potential role of migratory birds as c...

    Authors: Hon S Ip, Paul L Flint, J Christian Franson, Robert J Dusek, Dirk V Derksen, Robert E Gill Jr., Craig R Ely, John M Pearce, Richard B Lanctot, Steven M Matsuoka, David B Irons, Julian B Fischer, Russell M Oates, Margaret R Petersen, Thomas F Fondell, Deborah A Rocque…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:71
  15. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection can cause acute lower respiratory tract illness in infants, the immunocompromised, and the elderly. Currently there are no licensed preventative measures for hMPV infecti...

    Authors: Jeanne H Schickli, Jasmine Kaur, Mia MacPhail, Jeanne M Guzzetta, Richard R Spaete and Roderick S Tang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:69
  16. The NV1020 oncolytic herpes simplex virus type-1 has shown significant promise for the treatment of many different types of tumors in experimental animal models and human trials. Previously, we described the c...

    Authors: Anna Israyelyan, Vladimir N Chouljenko, Abolghasem Baghian, Andrew T David, Michael T Kearney and Konstantin G Kousoulas
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:68
  17. Central to cellular transformation caused by human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is the ability of E6 proteins to target cellular p53 and proteins containing PDZ domains, including MAGI-3, for degradation. The aim o...

    Authors: Julia Ainsworth, Miranda Thomas, Lawrence Banks, Francois Coutlee and Greg Matlashewski
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:67
  18. Selenium (Se) deficiency plays an important role in viral pathogenesis. To understand the effects of Se deficiency on West Nile virus (WNV) infection, we analyzed cytopathogenicity, apoptosis and viral replica...

    Authors: Saguna Verma, Yanira Molina, Yeung Y Lo, Bruce Cropp, Cheynie Nakano, Richard Yanagihara and Vivek R Nerurkar
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:66
  19. During the early and mid part of 20th century, several reports described the therapeutic effects of N-methylisatin-β-Thiosemicarbazone (MIBT) against pox viruses, Maloney leukemia viruses and recently against HIV...

    Authors: Liba Sebastian, Anita Desai, Madhusudana N Shampur, Yogeeswari Perumal, D Sriram and Ravi Vasanthapuram
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:64
  20. Although the previous study demonstrated the envelope protein of dengue viruses is under purifying selection pressure, little is known about the genetic differences of full-length viral genomes of DENV-3. In o...

    Authors: Chwan-Chuen King, Day-Yu Chao, Li-Jung Chien, Gwong-Jen J Chang, Ting-Hsiang Lin, Yin-Chang Wu and Jyh-Hsiung Huang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:63
  21. A variety of interactions between up to three different movement proteins (MPs), the coat protein (CP) and genomic DNA mediate the inter- and intra-cellular movement of geminiviruses in the genus Begomovirus. Alt...

    Authors: Eric van der Walt, Kenneth E Palmer, Darren P Martin and Edward P Rybicki
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:61
  22. HIV-1 mediated perturbation of the plasma membrane can produce an alteration in the transmembrane gradients of cations and other small molecules leading to cell death. Several HIV-1 proteins have been shown to...

    Authors: Bongkun Choi, Cesar D Fermin, Alla M Comardelle, Allyson M Haislip, Thomas G Voss and Robert F Garry
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:60
  23. The female reproductive tract is amongst the main routes for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission. Cervical mucus however is known to protect the female reproductive tract from bacterial invasion an...

    Authors: Habtom H Habte, Corena de Beer, Zoë E Lotz, Marilyn G Tyler, Leann Schoeman, Delawir Kahn and Anwar S Mall
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:59
  24. The emergence of drug resistant viruses, together with the possibility of increased virulence, is an important concern in the development of new antiviral compounds. Cidofovir (CDV) is a phosphonate nucleotide...

    Authors: Marie N Becker, Maria Obraztsova, Earl R Kern, Debra C Quenelle, Kathy A Keith, Mark N Prichard, Ming Luo and Richard W Moyer
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:58
  25. We describe a novel strategy in which two inhibitors of HIV viral entry were incorporated into a single molecule. This bifunctional fusion inhibitor consists of an antibody blocking the binding of HIV to its c...

    Authors: Erhard Kopetzki, Andreas Jekle, Changhua Ji, Eileen Rao, Jun Zhang, Stephan Fischer, Nick Cammack, Surya Sankuratri and Gabrielle Heilek
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:56
  26. PTGS (post-transcriptional gene silencing) is used to counter pathogenic invasions, particularly viruses. In return, many plant viruses produce proteins which suppress silencing directed against their RNA. The...

    Authors: Christelle Siré, Martine Bangratz-Reyser, Denis Fargette and Christophe Brugidou
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:55
  27. Open reading frame 58 (ORF58) of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) lies at the 3'end of the Unique long (UL) region and its functional is unknown. In order to clarify whether ORF58 is essential for the growth of VZV, ...

    Authors: Hironori Yoshii, Kay Sadaoka, Masaaki Matsuura, Kazuhiro Nagaike, Michiaki Takahashi, Koichi Yamanishi and Yasuko Mori
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:54
  28. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and causes huge economic losses. This work focus on the Landhi Dairy Colony (LDC), located in the suburbs of Karachi. LDC is the largest Buffalo colony in th...

    Authors: Joern Klein, Manzoor Hussain, Munir Ahmad, Muhammad Afzal and Soren Alexandersen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:53
  29. Current methods for dengue virus quantitation are either time consuming, technically demanding or costly. As an alternative, the commercial enzyme immunoassay Platelia™ Dengue NS1 AG (Bio-Rad Laboratories) was...

    Authors: Juan E Ludert, Clemente Mosso, Ivonne Ceballos-Olvera and Rosa M del Angel
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:51
  30. Little is known about changes in hepatitis B viral load (HBV DNA) in relation to age in Africa. The aim of this study is to determine the natural course of HBV chronic infection, particularly in relation to se...

    Authors: Maimuna E Mendy, Samuel J McConkey, Marianne AB Sande van der, Sarah Crozier, Steve Kaye, David Jeffries, Andrew J Hall and Hilton C Whittle
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:49
  31. The morbidity and mortality associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in immunocompromised patients (especially in HIV-infected patients and transplant recipients), as well as with congenital CMV infecti...

    Authors: Petros I Rafailidis, Eleni G Mourtzoukou, Ioannis C Varbobitis and Matthew E Falagas
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:47
  32. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) encodes two transmembrane glycoproteins E1 and E2 which form a heterodimer. E1 is believed to mediate fusion while E2 has been shown to bind cellular receptors including CD81. In this s...

    Authors: Katharina B Rothwangl, Balaji Manicassamy, Susan L Uprichard and Lijun Rong
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:46
  33. There is overwhelming evidence that persistent infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) is the main risk factor for invasive cancer of the cervix. Due to this global public health burden, two p...

    Authors: Vandana A Govan, Edward P Rybicki and Anna-Lise Williamson
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:45
  34. Influenza virus infection or vaccination evokes an antibody response to viral hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) surface glycoproteins, which results in immunity against influenza A viruses of the same ...

    Authors: Timothy M Straight, Martin G Ottolini, Gregory A Prince and Maryna C Eichelberger
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:44
  35. Hairpin RNAs have been used to confer resistance to viruses in plants through RNA silencing. However, it has not been demonstrated that RNA silencing was effective against inoculation by aphids of non-persiste...

    Authors: Marisol Vargas, Belén Martínez-García, José Ramón Díaz-Ruíz and Francisco Tenllado
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:42
  36. It has been demonstrated that the p53 pathway plays an important role in HIV-1 infection. Previous work from our lab has established a model demonstrating how p53 could become inactivated in HIV-1 infected cel...

    Authors: Weilin Wu, Kylene Kehn-Hall, Caitlin Pedati, Lynnsey Zweier, Iris Castro, Zachary Klase, Cynthia S Dowd, Larisa Dubrovsky, Michael Bukrinsky and Fatah Kashanchi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:41
  37. The vaccinia virus (VV) F2L gene encodes a functional deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase) that catalyzes the conversion of dUTP to dUMP and is thought to minimize the incorporation of deoxyuridine residues i...

    Authors: Mark N Prichard, Earl R Kern, Debra C Quenelle, Kathy A Keith, Richard W Moyer and Peter C Turner
    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:39