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  1. Measuring specific anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies has become one of the main epidemiological tools to survey the ongoing SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, but also vaccination response. The WHO made available a set of well-cha...

    Authors: Inge Kroidl, Simon Winter, Raquel Rubio-Acero, Abhishek Bakuli, Christof Geldmacher, Tabea M. Eser, Flora Déak, Sacha Horn, Anna Zielke, Mohamed I. M. Ahmed, Paulina Diepers, Jessica Guggenbühl, Jonathan Frese, Jan Bruger, Kerstin Puchinger, Jakob Reich…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:200
  2. The possibilities of cross-species transmission of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) between humans and poultry species are unknown. The analysis of the structure of receptor was used to investigate the po...

    Authors: Mengyue Lei, Ying Ma, Hongli Chen, Pu Huang, Jing Sun, Xu Wang, Qiangming Sun, Yunzhang Hu and Jiandong Shi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:196
  3. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), a member of the genus Circovirus and family Circoviridae, is a closed, small, circular, and single-stranded DNA virus, and it is a crucial swine pathogen of porcine circovirus-as...

    Authors: Qiulin Jiao, Liuyue Yang, Xiangzu Liu, Yanwen Wen, Linxing Tian, Ping Qian, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:195
  4. Although three years after the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2, the virus is still having a significant impact on human health and the global economy. Infection through respiratory droplets is the main transmission rou...

    Authors: Seok-Woo Hyun, Sangha Han, Jeong Won Son, Min Su Song, Dan Ah Kim and Sang-Do Ha
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:194
  5. The SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain has multiple immune-escape mutations in the spike protein receptor-binding domain (RBD). Rapid detection of these mutations to identify Omicron and its lineages is essential for g...

    Authors: Xiaomu Kong, Peng Gao, Yongwei Jiang, Lixia Lu, Meimei Zhao, Yi Liu, Guoxiong Deng, Haoyan Zhu, Yongtong Cao and Liang Ma
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:192
  6. The recent outbreak of the Coronavirus pandemic resulted in a successful vaccination program launched by the World Health Organization. However, a large population is still unvaccinated, leading to the emergen...

    Authors: Samar Sami Alkafaas, Abanoub Mosaad Abdallah, Aya Misbah Hussien, Heba Bedair, Mahmoud Abdo, Soumya Ghosh, Sara Samy Elkafas, Wilgince Apollon, Morteza Saki, Samah A. Loutfy, Helen Onyeaka and Mohamed Hessien
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:191
  7. Members of the family Polyomaviridae have a circular double-stranded DNA genome that have been identified in various hosts ranging from mammals to arachnids. Here we report the identification and analysis of a co...

    Authors: Joana Abrantes, Arvind Varsani, Paulo Pereira, Catarina Maia, Inês Farias, Ana Veríssimo and Fabiana Neves
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:190
  8. The emergence of COVID-19 and the implementation of preventive measures and behavioral changes have led to a significant decrease in the prevalence of other respiratory viruses. However, the manner in which se...

    Authors: De Chang, Mingui Lin, Ning Song, Zhantao Zhu, Jing Gao, Shujun Li, Hongmei Liu, DeZhi Liu, Yu Zhang, Wenkui Sun, Xuan Zhou, Bin Yang, Yongjun Li, Lili Wang, Zhiqing Xiao, Kailong Li…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:189
  9. Limited data exists on herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) infections in migrant populations. This study investigated HSV-1 and HSV-2 seroprevalences and associations among craft and manual ...

    Authors: Gheyath K. Nasrallah, Soha R. Dargham, Duaa W. Al-Sadeq, Fathima H. Amanullah, Farah M. Shurrab, Parveen B. Nizamuddin, Hiam Chemaitelly, Houssein H. Ayoub, Sami Abdeen, Ashraf Abdelkarim, Faisal Daraan, Ahmed Ismail, Nahid Mostafa, Mohamed Sahl, Jinan Suliman, Elias Tayar…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:188
  10. Influenza A virus (IAV) causes respiratory disease in pigs and is a major concern for public health. Vaccination of pigs is the most successful measure to mitigate the impact of the disease in the herds. Influ...

    Authors: Francisco Noé Fonseca, Vanessa Haach, Franciana Volpato Bellaver, Gabrielly Bombassaro, Danielle Gava, Luciano Paulino da Silva, Lana Flavia Baron, Mayara Simonelly, Wanessa Araújo Carvalho, Rejane Schaefer and Ana Paula Bastos
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:187
  11. The genomic components of multipartite viruses are encapsidated in separate virus particles, and the frequencies of genomic components represent one of the key genetic features. Many begomoviruses of economic ...

    Authors: Yu-Xin Xiao, Di Li, Yi-Jie Wu, Shu-Sheng Liu and Li-Long Pan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:186
  12. HTLV-1-associated uveitis (HAU) is an inflammatory reaction of the choroid, retina, optic nerve and vitreous that can lead to vision impairment. The worldwide prevalence of HAU varies widely.

    Authors: Daniele Piai Ozores, Regina Rathsam Pinheiro, Ney Boa-Sorte, Maurício Campos e Silva Dias, Raianne Silva Lima, Thessika Hialla Almeida Araújo, Bernardo Galvão-Castro and Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:185
  13. Authors: Md. Murshed Hasan Sarkar, M. Shaminur Rahman, M. Rafiul, Arafat Rahman, Md. Shariful Islam, Tanjina Akhtar Banu, Shahina Akter, Barna Goswami, Iffat Jahan, Md. Ahashan Habib, Mohammad Mohi Uddin, Md. Zakaria Mia, Md. Ibrahim Miah, Md Aftab Ali Shaikh and Md. Salim Khan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:184

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2023 20:127

  14. The antiviral response against influenza A virus (IAV) infection includes the induction of the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway, including activation of the STATs protein family. Subsequently, antiviral myxo...

    Authors: Mai Alalem, Emad Dabous, Ahmed M. Awad, Nedaa Alalem, Adel A. Guirgis, Samir El-Masry and Hany Khalil
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:183
  15. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of natural and breakthrough infection and related symptoms of Covid-19 amongst Iranian healthcare workers (HCWs) who were vaccinated by different non-mRNA-based ...

    Authors: Marzieh Jamalidoust, Owrang Eilami, Zahra Ashkan, Mazyar Ziyaeyan, Nasrin Aliabadi and Mohammad Habibi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:182
  16. Influenza A virus (IAV) is endemic in pigs globally and co-circulation of genetically and antigenically diverse virus lineages of subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 is a challenge for the development of effective va...

    Authors: Vanessa Haach, Ana Paula Almeida Bastos, Danielle Gava, Francisco Noé da Fonseca, Marcos Antônio Zanella Morés, Arlei Coldebella, Ana Cláudia Franco and Rejane Schaefer
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:181
  17. Our study aimed to compare the predictive performance of different hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prediction models in chronic hepatitis B patients receiving entecavir or tenofovir, including discrimination, c...

    Authors: Xiaolan Xu, Lushun Jiang, Yifan Zeng, Liya Pan, Zhuoqi Lou and Bing Ruan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:180
  18. SARS-CoV-2 has been responsible for the recent pandemic all over the world, which has caused many complications. One of the hallmarks of SARS-CoV-2 infection is an induced immune dysregulation, in some cases r...

    Authors: Reyhaneh Rasizadeh, Parisa Shiri Aghbash, Javid Sadri Nahand, Taher Entezari-Maleki and Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:179
  19. Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) is still an important pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in young children and infants worldwide. Previous studies indicated that CV-A16 infection is usually m...

    Authors: Yajie Hu, Chen Liu, Jinghui Yang, Mingmei Zhong, Baojiang Qian, Juan Chen, Yunhui Zhang and Jie Song
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:178
  20. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a major global threat; its manifestations range from the absence of symptoms to multiorgan malignancies and various gastrointestinal diseases. Analyzing the composition an...

    Authors: Wei Xia, Lei Liu, Nan Shi, Chaoyin Zhang, Anzhou Tang and Guangyao He
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:177
  21. SARS-CoV-2 is a zoonotic betacoronavirus that was first reported at the dawn of 2019 in Wuhan, China and has since spread globally, causing an ongoing pandemic. Anthroponotic transmission was reported early, w...

    Authors: Cheng Siang Tan, Davies Belayong Bandak, Sultana Parvin Habeebur-Rahman, Lee Tung Tan and Li Li Andrea Lim
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:176
  22. Saffold virus (SAFV), which belongs to the genus Cardiovirus of the family Picornaviridae, is associated with acute respiratory or gastrointestinal illnesses in children; it is also suspected to cause severe dise...

    Authors: Takako Okuwa, Toshiki Himeda, Koichi Utani and Masaya Higuchi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:175
  23. The interaction between bacteriophages and their hosts is intricate and highly specific. Receptor-binding proteins (RBPs) of phages such as tail fibers and tailspikes initiate the infection process. These RBPs...

    Authors: Célia Pas, Agnieszka Latka, Lars Fieseler and Yves Briers
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:174
  24. Several anti-retroviral drugs are available against Human immunodeficiency virus type-1, but have multiple adverse side effects. Hence, there is an incessant compulsion for effectual anti-retroviral agents wit...

    Authors: Pratiksha Jadaun, R Harshithkumar, Shraddha Y Gaikwad, Chandrabhan Seniya, Swapnil Borse, Ashish A Gawai, Preeti Chavan-Gautam, Girish Tillu and Anupam Mukherjee
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:173
  25. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a rare side effect of the oral polio vaccine but can be associated with outbreaks and permanent disability in patients harboring circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV...

    Authors: Mary Bridget Nanteza, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Phionah Tushabe, Prossy Namuwulya, Molly Birungi, Rajab Dhatemwa, James Peter Eliku, Mayi Tibanagwa, Proscovia Kakooza, Henry Bukenya, Josephine Bwogi and Charles Rutebarika Byabamazima
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:172
  26. Human adenoviruses (HAdV) have been known to cause a range of diseases, including respiratory tract infections (RTIs). However, there is limited information available regarding the genotype diversity and epide...

    Authors: Jianqiu Qin, Tengyue Yan, Liujiang Yin, Cheng Yang, Liang Wang, Hong Qiu, Yanling Hu and Bin Xu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:171
  27. Viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are common worldwide and result in considerable morbidity and mortality associated with neurologic illness. Until now, there have been no epidemiologic data...

    Authors: Wael H. Roshdy, Ahmed Kandeil, Manal Fahim, Nourhan Y. Naguib, Gehad Mohsen, Shaymaa Shawky, Marwa M. Abd El-Fattah, Amel Naguib, Azza Salamony, Yara I. Shamikh, Mahmoud Moawad, Nancy El Guindy, Mohamed K. Khalifa, Eman Abbas, Ramy Galal, Mohamed Hassany…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:170
  28. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), multi-o...

    Authors: Jiayu Li, Kegong Zhang, ye Zhang, Ziyang Gu and Changxing Huang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:169
  29. Ibrutinib is a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor approved for the treatment for several mature B-cell malignancies. Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a well-described complication in patients w...

    Authors: Lok-Ka Lam, Thomas Sau Yan Chan, Yu-Yan Hwang, Lung-Yi Mak, Wai-Kay Seto, Yok-Lam Kwong and Man-Fung Yuen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:168
  30. Since SARS-CoV-2 was first reported in late 2019, multiple variations of the original virus have emerged. Each variant harbors accumulations of mutations, particularly within the spike glycoprotein, that are a...

    Authors: Saina Beitari, Diana Duque, Jegarubee Bavananthasivam, Melissa Hewitt, Jagdeep K. Sandhu, Ita Hadžisejdić and Anh Tran
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:167
  31. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Dengue virus (DENV) have similar clinical symptoms, which often induce misdiagnoses. Therefore, an antigen detection diagnostic system that can clearly identify these two viruses ...

    Authors: Tonggong Liu, Cheng Gao, Jingzhe Wang, Jianning Song, Xi Chen, Hongfang Chen, Xiaona Zhao, Huanwen Tang and Dayong Gu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:166
  32. To investigate the relation between interleukin-6 concentration and oxidative status of HIV infected patients with or at risk of Kaposi’s disease in Yaoundé.

    Authors: Roger Ahouga Voufo, Armand Emmanuel Kouotou, Nchinda Jones Tatah, Georges TeTo, Cédric Gueguim, Chantal Marie Essome Ngondé, Armand Gabin Njiguet Tepa, Arnaud Gabin, Falmata Amazia, Natacha Lena Yembeau, Charles Kouanfack and Pieme Constant Anatole
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:165
  33. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is an α-coronavirus that causes highly contagious intestinal infectious disease, involving clinically characterized by diarrhea, dehydration, vomiting, and high mortality...

    Authors: Tingfan Zhu, Jinhan Qian, Zijun Shen, Hongxia Shao, Kun Qian, Wenjie Jin and Aijian Qin
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:164
  34. Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide and disproportionally affect Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the heaviest burden of LRIs in Ethiopia, t...

    Authors: Fiseha Wadilo, Adey Feleke, Meseret Gebre, Wude Mihret, Tamrayehu Seyoum, Kalkidan Melaku, Rawliegh Howe, Andargachew Mulu and Adane Mihret
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:163
  35. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is well-known to be associated with multiple extrahepatic manifestations such as arthralgia, myalgia, arthritis, and vasculitis. Many studies reported frequent rheumatologic manifestations...

    Authors: Arwa Mohammed Othman, Asma’a Ahmed Al-hnhna, Belques Sharaf Al-Huraibi, Rowa Mohammed Assayaghi, Talal Yahya Al-Qahtani, Kamal Hamoud Jahzar and Marwan Mohammed Al-Huthaifi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:162
  36. To investigate whether the expression of triple motif protein 19/38 (TRIM19/38) mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers is associated with ...

    Authors: Haiying Luo, Guili Tan, Xiaoxia Hu, Yadi Li, Dingjia Lei, Yueying Zeng and Bo Qin
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:161
  37. Several studies suggested that SARS-CoV-2 was already spreading worldwide during the last months of 2019 before the first outbreak was detected in Wuhan, China. Lombardy (Northern Italy) was the first European...

    Authors: Silvia Bianchi, Clara Fappani, Maria Gori, Marta Canuti, Daniela Colzani, Maria Cristina Monti, Camilla Torriani, Mario C. Raviglione, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Elisabetta Tanzi and Antonella Amendola
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:160
  38. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) consists of six components of large/middle/small HBs proteins (L/M/SHBs) with non-glycosylated (ng)- or glycosylated (g)- isomers at sN146 in their shared S domain. g-SHBs p...

    Authors: Guomin Ou, Chengyu Zhao, Juan Deng, Hui Zhuang, Kuanhui Xiang and Tong Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:159
  39. African swine fever (ASF) is an acute infectious haemorrhagic fever of pigs caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV). Aloe-emodin (Ae) is an active ingredient of Chinese herbs with antiviral, anticancer, and...

    Authors: Yizhuo Luo, Yunlong Yang, Wenru Wang, Qi Gao, Ting Gong, Yongzhi Feng, Dongdong Wu, Xiaoyu Zheng, Guihong Zhang and Heng Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:158
  40. Measles virus (MV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) may cause pediatric infection. We report the first described case of MV and CMV co-infection in an unvaccinated 13-mo-old girl, with a recent severe acute respirato...

    Authors: Giulia Piccirilli, Monia Gennari, Liliana Gabrielli, Marta Leone, Eva Caterina Borgatti, Alessia Cantiani, Federica Lanna, Fabio Magurano, Melissa Baggieri, Antonella Marangoni, Marcello Lanari and Tiziana Lazzarotto
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:157
  41. Human papillomavirus (HPV) 33 belongs to the Alphapapillomavirus 9 (α-9 HPV) species group, which also contains types 16, 31, 35, 52, 58 and 67. The purpose of this study was to investigate the genetic variati...

    Authors: Zi-Yi Yan, Xing-Hong Di, Yi Qiu, Yuan-Yuan Ying, Jun Gan and Hui-Hui Xu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:156
  42. Human polyomavirus BK (BKPyV) causes associated nephropathy and contributes to urinary tract cancer development in renal transplant recipients. Large tumor antigen (LT) is an early protein essential in the pol...

    Authors: Yueh-Han Hsu, Chun-Nun Chao, Hsin-Yi Huang, Pei-Wen Zhao, Pang-Hung Hsu, Cheng-Huang Shen, San-Yuan Chen and Chiung-Yao Fang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:155
  43. We compared Fakhravac and BBIBP-Corv2 vaccines in a phase III trial.

    Authors: Masoud Solaymani-Dodaran, Pouria Basiri, Milad Moradi, Kimiya Gohari, Ali Sheidaei, Mohammadreza Ahi, Farzad Ghafoori Naeeni, Akram Ansarifar, Zahra Rahimi, Fatemeh Gholami, Ahmad Karimi Rahjerdi, Ramin Hamidi Farahani, Kosar Naderi saffar, Soheil Ghasemi, Ali Shooshtari, Mohsen Honari…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:154
  44. High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are responsible for the development of cervical and other anogenital cancers. Intratype sequence variants of certain high-risk HPV types (e.g. 16, 18 and 31) are thought...

    Authors: Eszter Gyöngyösi, Brigitta László, Anita Szalmás, József Kónya and György Veress
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:152
  45. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) can infect multiple hosts and lead to fatal encephalitis. There is a significant increase in the number of microglia in the brain of animals infected with PRV. However, whether and how...

    Authors: Xiuxiu Sun, Xinxin Jin, Xi Liu, Lumeng Wang, Li Li, Junjie Yang, Helong Feng, Zhengdan Lin, Cunlin Zhan, Wanpo Zhang, Changqin Gu, Xueying Hu, Xiaoli Liu and Guofu Cheng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:151
  46. Originating in Africa, African swine fever (ASF) was introduced to China in 2018. This acute and highly virulent infectious disease affects domestic pigs. The World Organization for Animal Health has listed it...

    Authors: Xuezhi Zuo, Guorui Peng, Yingju Xia, Lu Xu, Qizu Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhu, Cheng Wang, Yebing Liu, Junjie Zhao, Haidong Wang and Xingqi Zou
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:150
  47. Identification and monitoring of HBV genotype variations is important, since that can help forecast the likelihood of developing serious liver disease and how well patients respond to antiviral medication. Giv...

    Authors: Nsoh Godwin Anabire, Osbourne Quaye and Gideon Kofi Helegbe
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:149
  48. Over the past few years, HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China has increased significantly. Chongqing, located in the southwest of China, has the highest prevalence of HIV among MSM i...

    Authors: Tianyu Tan, Chongyang Bai, Rongrong Lu, Fangfang Chen, Long Li, Chao Zhou, Xu Xiang, Wei Zhang, Ling Ouyang, Jing Xu, Houlin Tang and Guohui Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:147