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  1. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection poses a significant threat to public health worldwide. Targeting the function of HPV E6 and E7 proteins and activating the host immune response against these proteins repre...

    Authors: Mei-nian Xu, Mei-zhen Zhong, Si-ning Feng, Yan-qin Xu, Xiao-ming Peng, Kang Zeng and Xiao-wen Huang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:10
  2. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 virus, emerged in late 2019 and spready globally. Many effects of infection with this pathogen are still unknown, with both ...

    Authors: Sheridan J. C. Baker, Landry E. Nfonsam, Daniela Leto, Candy Rutherford, Marek Smieja and Andrew G. McArthur
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:8
  3. Oncolytic viruses are being studied and developed as novel cancer treatments. Using directed evolution technology, structural modification of the viral surface protein increases the specificity of the oncolyti...

    Authors: Bo-Kyoung Jung, Yong Hee An, Sung Hoon Jang, Jin-Ju Jang, Seonhee Kim, Joo Hee Jeon, Jinju Kim, Jason Jungsik Song and Hyun Jang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:7
  4. In cellular organisms, inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatases (ITPases) prevent the incorporation of mutagenic deaminated purines into nucleic acids. These enzymes have also been detected in the genomes of seve...

    Authors: Mathieu Mahillon, Justine Brodard, Nathalie Dubuis, Paul Gugerli, Arnaud G. Blouin and Olivier Schumpp
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:6
  5. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection causes chikungunya, a viral disease that currently has no specific antiviral treatment. Several repurposed drug candidates have been investigated for the treatment of the di...

    Authors: Kusuma Sai Davuluri, Rajnandini Ghanghav, Gunwant Ahire, Mahadeo Kakade, Sarah Cherian, Kalichamy Alagarasu and Deepti Parashar
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:5
  6. Cross-species transmission of zoonotic IAVs to humans is potentially widespread and lethal, posing a great threat to human health, and their cross-species transmission mechanism has attracted much attention. m...

    Authors: Qihui Wang, Zihe Liu, Xia Zeng, Yu Zheng, Li Lan, Xinhang Wang, Zhenping Lai, Xiaoqiong Hou, Lingxi Gao, Liang Liang, Shen Tang, Zengfeng Zhang, Jing Leng and Xiaohui Fan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:4
  7. International migration has accelerated the HIV-1 spread across national borders, gradually reducing the restrictions on the geographical distribution of HIV-1 subtypes. Subtypes A and G are globally recognize...

    Authors: Qing-Hai Li, Yun-Qi Zhang, En-Long Li, Qi Guo, Xiao-Hong Chen, Fu-Xiang Wang and Jia-Ye Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:3
  8. Only few studies have investigated the prevalence of feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection in domestic cats in Fujian, China. This is the first study to report the prevalence rate of FCoV infection in domestic c...

    Authors: Bo Dong, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaowei Zhong, Wenqian Hu, Zhihui Lin, Shuo Zhang, Haiyan Deng and Weiming Lin
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:2
  9. The particle structure of Emiliania huxleyi virus (EhV), an algal infecting member of nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs), contains an outer lipid membrane envelope similar to that found in animal viruse...

    Authors: Cecilia Balestreri, Declan C. Schroeder, Fernando Sampedro, Guillermo Marqués, Amanda Palowski, Pedro E. Urriola, Jennifer L. G. van de Ligt, Haile F. Yancy and Gerald C. Shurson
    Citation: Virology Journal 2024 21:1
  10. Duck enteritis virus (DEV) mainly causes infectious diseases characterized by intestinal haemorrhage, inflammation and parenchymal organ degeneration in ducks and other poultry. However, the mechanism by which...

    Authors: Haiqing Cai, Xia Yang, Yunyun Yang, Yi Feng, Anlin Wen, Ying Yang, Ming Wen and Deyuan Ou
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:305
  11. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) is associated with the development of several pathologies and chronic infection in humans. The inefficiency of the available treatments and the challenge in developing a prot...

    Authors: D. S. O. Daian e Silva, L. J. Cox, A. S. Rocha, Á. Lopes-Ribeiro, J. P. C. Souza, G. M. Franco, J. L. C. Prado, T. A. Pereira-Santos, M. L. Martins, J. G. A. Coelho-dos-Reis, T. M. Gomes-de-Pinho, F. G. Da Fonseca and E. F. Barbosa-Stancioli
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:304
  12. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) causes substantial losses in the swine industry worldwide. Attenuated PRV strains with deletions of immunomodulatory genes glycoprotein E (gE), glycoprotein I (gI) and thymidine kinase...

    Authors: Xiaoli Wang, Yingguang Li, Shaoming Dong, Cong Wang, Yongming Wang and Hongliang Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:303
  13. Parechovirus A (PeV-A, Parechovirus, Picornaviridae) are human pathogens associated with mild to severe gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases in young children. While several studies have investigated the ass...

    Authors: Lizette Gutierrez, Viridiana Sáenz, Danilo Franco, Brechla Moreno, Ediner Fuentes-Campos, Zeuz Capitan-Barrios, Luis Felipe Rivera, Jean-Paul Carrera, Juan Castillo, Marlene Castillo, Juan Miguel Pascale, Sandra López-Vergès, Néstor Sosa and Leyda Ábrego
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:302
  14. Morbidity and mortality are higher in immunocompromised patients affected by COVID-19 than in the general population. Some authors have successfully used antiviral combination, but never in the early phase of ...

    Authors: Ivan Gentile, Maria Foggia, Maria Silvitelli, Alessia Sardanelli, Letizia Cattaneo and Giulio Viceconte
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:301
  15. To assess SARS-CoV-2 antibody prevalence and titers in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) on antiretroviral treatment (ART) enrolled at a tertiary reference hospital in Mexico.

    Authors: Maribel Soto-Nava, Vanessa Dávila-Conn, Juan P. Venancio-Rocha, Pedro García-Esparza, Daniela Tapia-Trejo, Ramón Hernández-Juan, Eduardo Zarza-Sánchez, Akio Murakami-Ogasawara and Santiago Ávila-Ríos
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:300
  16. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious viral disease that affects the livelihoods and productivity of livestock farmers in endemic regions. It can infect various domestic and wild animals with cloven hoo...

    Authors: Girma Zewdie, Mirtneh Akalu, Wondwossen Tolossa, Hassen Belay, Getaw Deresse, Mariamawit Zekarias and Yeneneh Tesfaye
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:299
  17. Avian influenza is a highly contagious, agriculturally relevant disease that can severely affect the poultry industry and food supply. Eurasian-origin H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) (cl...

    Authors: Darrell R. Kapczynski, Klaudia Chrzastek, Revathi Shanmugasundaram, Aniko Zsak, Karen Segovia, Holly Sellers and David L. Suarez
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:298
  18. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide with a serious threat to women’s health. Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) has been identified as the main...

    Authors: Shun Liu, Bing Mei, Yaoling Ouyang and Chengbin Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:297
  19. To improve the patient care, public health surveillance, and infection control, it is crucial to identify the presence and frequency of the common respiratory infections in individuals with COVID-19 symptoms b...

    Authors: Ali Maleki, Parvaneh Mehrbod, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Sana Eybpoosh, Mahsa Tavakoli, Azita Eshratkhah Mohammadnejad, Zahra Hosseini, Setareh Kashanian, Laya Farhan Asadi, Mostafa Salehi-Vaziri and Fatemeh Fotouhi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:296
  20. Although FeHV-1 is a primary feline pathogen, little is known about its interactions with host cells. Its relationship with several cellular pathways has recently been described, whereas its interplay with the...

    Authors: Gianmarco Ferrara, Consiglia Longobardi, Maria Francesca Sgadari, Brunella Restucci, Giuseppe Iovane, Roberto Ciarcia, Ugo Pagnini and Serena Montagnaro
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:295
  21. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a human pathogen naturally present in wild rodents. In addition, LCMV is routinely used in immunology research as a model of viral infection in mice. The Armstrong ...

    Authors: Laurence Caron, Jean-Sébastien Delisle, James E Strong, Yvon Deschambault, Félix Lombard-Vadnais, Annie-Claude Labbé and Sylvie Lesage
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:294
  22. In the effort to prevent and control HIV/AIDS, China has established a national sentinel surveillance system. However, some sentinel sites face limitations in environmental resources and accessibility, prompti...

    Authors: Jie-qiong Ma, Ya-nan Ren, Shi-yuan Wen, Ao-bo Dong, Wen-ge Xing and Yan Jiang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:293
  23. Coxsackievirus Group B type 5 (CVB5), an important pathogen of hand-foot-mouth disease, is also associated with neurological complications and poses a public health threat to young infants. Among the CVB5 prot...

    Authors: Jiayu Zhang, Peiying Teng, Bo Sun, Jihong Zhang, Xiaoshuang Zhou and Wei Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:291
  24. During coronavirus infection, in addition to the well-known coronavirus genomes and subgenomic mRNAs, an abundance of defective viral genomes (DVGs) can also be synthesized. In this study, we aimed to examine ...

    Authors: Ching-Hung Lin, Feng-Cheng Hsieh, Chien-Chen Lai, Wei-Chen Wang, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Chun-Chun Yang, Hsuan-Wei Hsu, Hon-Man-Herman Tam, Cheng-Yao Yang and Hung-Yi Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:290
  25. To evaluate the prevention efficacy of scaling up HIV/AIDS antiretroviral therapy (ART) on HIV transmission at the population level and determine associated factors of HIV secondary transmission.

    Authors: Yi Chen, Zhiqiang Cao, Jianjun Li, Jin Chen, Qiuying Zhu, Shujia Liang, Guanghua Lan, Hui Xing, Lingjie Liao, Yi Feng, Yiming Shao, Yuhua Ruan and Huanhuan Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:289
  26. Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common gynecologic tumors among women around the world. Although the etiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in CC is well established, other factors in CC carcin...

    Authors: Han Zhang, Shunli Cai, Yuan Xia, Yangxuan Lin, Guozhong Zhou, Yinghui Yu and Min Feng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:288
  27. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induce a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and anogenital cancers, particularly cervical cancer (CC). The major viral proteins that contribute to tumorigene...

    Authors: Michal Smahel and Jaroslav Nunvar
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:287
  28. Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) share a lot of similarities being both phylogenetically closely related, share the same insect vector passage for reaching the host, affinity for the same carbohydrate...

    Authors: Bruno Stein Barbosa Menechino, Rodrigo Bentes Kato, Helena Cristina Ferreira Franz, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva, Marcus Corat and Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:286
  29. The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants has challenged the effectiveness of current therapeutic regimens. Here, we aimed to develop a potent SARS-CoV-2 antibody w...

    Authors: Hae Li Ko, Deuk-ki Lee, Younghyeon Kim, Hui Jeong Jang, Youn Woo Lee, Ho-Young Lee, Sang-Hyuk Seok, Jun Won Park, Jin-Kyung Limb, Da In On, Jun-Won Yun, Kwang-Soo Lyoo, Daesub Song, Minjoo Yeom, Hanbyeul Lee, Je Kyung Seong…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:285
  30. We have recently identified a novel virus detected in alfalfa seed material. The virus was tentatively named alfalfa-associated potyvirus 1, as its genomic fragments bore similarities with potyvirids. In this ...

    Authors: Lev G. Nemchinov, Olga A. Postnikova, William M. Wintermantel, John C. Palumbo and Sam Grinstead
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:284
  31. Human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR plays a crucial role in the immune response against hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to investigate the associations of HLA-DR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with the gen...

    Authors: Yubao Zhao, Kun Chen, Hui Yang, Feng Zhang, Lu Ding, Yan Liu, Le Zhang, Yuchen Zhang, Huiliang Wang and Yang Deng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:283
  32. Sudden and unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) may be triggered by an external risk or exposure. Intestinal infections with enteric viruses may disrupt the gut and enhance bacterial toxins present in SUDI cases...

    Authors: Danielle T Cupido and Corena de Beer
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:281
  33. Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) is a primary component of PML nuclear bodies (PML-NBs). PML and PML-NBs play critical roles in processes like the cell cycle, DNA damage repair, apoptosis, and the antivira...

    Authors: Zhenyu Chen, Huaijin Liu, Jingjing Zhu, Xing Duan, Han Wang, Xiangchen Li, Xiaolong Zhou, Ayong Zhao and Songbai Yang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:280
  34. Viral load assessment for people living with HIV is key for monitoring treatment and achieving the 95-95-95. In this study, we aimed to assess the degree of viral suppression at different thresholds and treatm...

    Authors: Jin-Wen Song, Guang Yang, Matilda N. Kamara, Wei Sun, Qun Guan, Umu Barrie, Darlinda F. Jiba, Abdulai Tejan Jalloh, Ming Liu, Francis K. Tamba, George A. Yendewa, Ligui Wang, Rongtao Zhao and Sulaiman Lakoh
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:279
  35. Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is a global viral pathogen of domestic equids which causes reproductive, respiratory and neurological disease. Few isolates acquired from naturally infected USA-based hosts hav...

    Authors: Ugochi Emelogu, Andrew C. Lewin, Udeni B. R. Balasuriya, Chin-Chi Liu, Rebecca P. Wilkes, Jianqiang Zhang, Erinn P. Mills and Renee T. Carter
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:278
  36. In a randomized trial, Lianhuaqingwen (LHQW) capsule was effective for accelerating symptom recovery among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the lack of blinding and limited sample si...

    Authors: Jin-ping Zheng, Yun Ling, Liang-shuang Jiang, Piroon Mootsikapun, Hong-zhou Lu, Methee Chayakulkeeree, Li-xiu Zhang, Pureepat Arttawejkul, Feng-yu Hu, Thi Ngoc Lan Truong, Roxan A. Perez, Xing Gu, Hui-min Sun, Jian-jie Jiang, Ren-jie Liu, Zhen Ding…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:277
  37. The possibilities of cross-species transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) between humans and important livestock species are not yet known. Herein, we used the structural ...

    Authors: Ying Ma, Mengyue Lei, Hongli Chen, Pu Huang, Jing Sun, Qiangming Sun, Yunzhang Hu and Jiandong Shi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:276
  38. This study investigates the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in indoor and outdoor environments in two cities in Norway between April and May 2022. With the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions in the country and a focus on...

    Authors: Priscilla Gomes da Silva, Mahima Hemnani, José Gonçalves, Elisa Rodriguéz, Pedro A. García-Encina, Maria São José Nascimento, Sofia I. V. Sousa, Mette Myrmel and João R. Mesquita
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:275
  39. The monkeypox virus (MPXV) is a zoonotic DNA virus that belongs to the poxvirus family. Conventional laboratory methods for detecting MPXV are complex and expensive, making them unsuitable for detecting the vi...

    Authors: Abudushalamu Gulinaizhaer, Chuankun Yang, Mingyuan Zou, Shuo Ma, Xiaobo Fan and Guoqiu Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:274
  40. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a major public health problem that cannot be ignored. As a widely used drug in the treatment of COVID-19, whether glucocorticoids may accelerate the clearance of COVID-19 i...

    Authors: Guangxu Bai, Yan Li, Yang Liu, Xinming Wang, Xuezhong Yu, Lili Ren and Jun Xu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:273
  41. Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection and hospitalization, especially in children. Highly mutagenic nature and antigenic diversity enable the RSV...

    Authors: Sajid Umar, Rongyuan Yang, Xinye Wang, Yuntao Liu, Peifeng Ke and Sheng Qin
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:272
  42. Influenza A virus (IAV) is the only influenza virus causing flu pandemics (i.e., global epidemics of flu disease). Influenza (the flu) is a highly contagious disease that can be deadly, especially in high-risk...

    Authors: Huda A. M. Al-Shalan, Lu Zhou, Zhifan Dong, Penghao Wang, Philip K. Nicholls, Berin Boughton, Philip A. Stumbles, Wayne K. Greene and Bin Ma
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:270
  43. Sapovirus (SaV) infection is increasing globally. Concurrently, several SaV-outbreaks were observed in children of Zhejiang province, China, in recent years, In this study, the genotypes of Sapovirus from seve...

    Authors: Lingxuan Su, Haiyan Mao, Yi Sun, Hao Yan, Qiong Ge, Liming Gong and Yanjun Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:268
  44. Omicron's high transmissibility and variability present new difficulties for COVID-19 vaccination prevention and therapy. In this article, we analyzed the sensitivity of vaccine-induced antibodies as well as t...

    Authors: Huichun Shi, Jiajia Sun, Yigang Zeng, Xiaomeng Wang, Shanshan Liu, Lijun Zhang and Enming Shao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:266
  45. The global decline in biodiversity is a matter of great concern for members of the class Reptilia. Reptarenaviruses infect snakes, and have been linked to various clinical conditions, such as Boid Inclusion Body ...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Abouelkhair, Ashkan Roozitalab and Ola K. Elsakhawy
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:265