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  1. Coxsackievirus Group B type 5 (CVB5), an important pathogen of hand-foot-mouth disease, is also associated with neurological complications and poses a public health threat to young infants. Among the CVB5 prot...

    Authors: Jiayu Zhang, Peiying Teng, Bo Sun, Jihong Zhang, Xiaoshuang Zhou and Wei Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:291
  2. During coronavirus infection, in addition to the well-known coronavirus genomes and subgenomic mRNAs, an abundance of defective viral genomes (DVGs) can also be synthesized. In this study, we aimed to examine ...

    Authors: Ching-Hung Lin, Feng-Cheng Hsieh, Chien-Chen Lai, Wei-Chen Wang, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Chun-Chun Yang, Hsuan-Wei Hsu, Hon-Man-Herman Tam, Cheng-Yao Yang and Hung-Yi Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:290
  3. To evaluate the prevention efficacy of scaling up HIV/AIDS antiretroviral therapy (ART) on HIV transmission at the population level and determine associated factors of HIV secondary transmission.

    Authors: Yi Chen, Zhiqiang Cao, Jianjun Li, Jin Chen, Qiuying Zhu, Shujia Liang, Guanghua Lan, Hui Xing, Lingjie Liao, Yi Feng, Yiming Shao, Yuhua Ruan and Huanhuan Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:289
  4. Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common gynecologic tumors among women around the world. Although the etiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in CC is well established, other factors in CC carcin...

    Authors: Han Zhang, Shunli Cai, Yuan Xia, Yangxuan Lin, Guozhong Zhou, Yinghui Yu and Min Feng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:288
  5. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induce a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and anogenital cancers, particularly cervical cancer (CC). The major viral proteins that contribute to tumorigene...

    Authors: Michal Smahel and Jaroslav Nunvar
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:287
  6. Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) share a lot of similarities being both phylogenetically closely related, share the same insect vector passage for reaching the host, affinity for the same carbohydrate...

    Authors: Bruno Stein Barbosa Menechino, Rodrigo Bentes Kato, Helena Cristina Ferreira Franz, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva, Marcus Corat and Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:286
  7. The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants has challenged the effectiveness of current therapeutic regimens. Here, we aimed to develop a potent SARS-CoV-2 antibody w...

    Authors: Hae Li Ko, Deuk-ki Lee, Younghyeon Kim, Hui Jeong Jang, Youn Woo Lee, Ho-Young Lee, Sang-Hyuk Seok, Jun Won Park, Jin-Kyung Limb, Da In On, Jun-Won Yun, Kwang-Soo Lyoo, Daesub Song, Minjoo Yeom, Hanbyeul Lee, Je Kyung Seong…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:285
  8. We have recently identified a novel virus detected in alfalfa seed material. The virus was tentatively named alfalfa-associated potyvirus 1, as its genomic fragments bore similarities with potyvirids. In this ...

    Authors: Lev G. Nemchinov, Olga A. Postnikova, William M. Wintermantel, John C. Palumbo and Sam Grinstead
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:284
  9. Human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR plays a crucial role in the immune response against hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to investigate the associations of HLA-DR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with the gen...

    Authors: Yubao Zhao, Kun Chen, Hui Yang, Feng Zhang, Lu Ding, Yan Liu, Le Zhang, Yuchen Zhang, Huiliang Wang and Yang Deng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:283
  10. Sudden and unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) may be triggered by an external risk or exposure. Intestinal infections with enteric viruses may disrupt the gut and enhance bacterial toxins present in SUDI cases...

    Authors: Danielle T Cupido and Corena de Beer
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:281
  11. Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) is a primary component of PML nuclear bodies (PML-NBs). PML and PML-NBs play critical roles in processes like the cell cycle, DNA damage repair, apoptosis, and the antivira...

    Authors: Zhenyu Chen, Huaijin Liu, Jingjing Zhu, Xing Duan, Han Wang, Xiangchen Li, Xiaolong Zhou, Ayong Zhao and Songbai Yang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:280
  12. Viral load assessment for people living with HIV is key for monitoring treatment and achieving the 95-95-95. In this study, we aimed to assess the degree of viral suppression at different thresholds and treatm...

    Authors: Jin-Wen Song, Guang Yang, Matilda N. Kamara, Wei Sun, Qun Guan, Umu Barrie, Darlinda F. Jiba, Abdulai Tejan Jalloh, Ming Liu, Francis K. Tamba, George A. Yendewa, Ligui Wang, Rongtao Zhao and Sulaiman Lakoh
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:279
  13. Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is a global viral pathogen of domestic equids which causes reproductive, respiratory and neurological disease. Few isolates acquired from naturally infected USA-based hosts hav...

    Authors: Ugochi Emelogu, Andrew C. Lewin, Udeni B. R. Balasuriya, Chin-Chi Liu, Rebecca P. Wilkes, Jianqiang Zhang, Erinn P. Mills and Renee T. Carter
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:278
  14. In a randomized trial, Lianhuaqingwen (LHQW) capsule was effective for accelerating symptom recovery among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the lack of blinding and limited sample si...

    Authors: Jin-ping Zheng, Yun Ling, Liang-shuang Jiang, Piroon Mootsikapun, Hong-zhou Lu, Methee Chayakulkeeree, Li-xiu Zhang, Pureepat Arttawejkul, Feng-yu Hu, Thi Ngoc Lan Truong, Roxan A. Perez, Xing Gu, Hui-min Sun, Jian-jie Jiang, Ren-jie Liu, Zhen Ding…
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:277
  15. The possibilities of cross-species transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) between humans and important livestock species are not yet known. Herein, we used the structural ...

    Authors: Ying Ma, Mengyue Lei, Hongli Chen, Pu Huang, Jing Sun, Qiangming Sun, Yunzhang Hu and Jiandong Shi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:276
  16. This study investigates the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in indoor and outdoor environments in two cities in Norway between April and May 2022. With the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions in the country and a focus on...

    Authors: Priscilla Gomes da Silva, Mahima Hemnani, José Gonçalves, Elisa Rodriguéz, Pedro A. García-Encina, Maria São José Nascimento, Sofia I. V. Sousa, Mette Myrmel and João R. Mesquita
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:275
  17. The monkeypox virus (MPXV) is a zoonotic DNA virus that belongs to the poxvirus family. Conventional laboratory methods for detecting MPXV are complex and expensive, making them unsuitable for detecting the vi...

    Authors: Abudushalamu Gulinaizhaer, Chuankun Yang, Mingyuan Zou, Shuo Ma, Xiaobo Fan and Guoqiu Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:274
  18. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a major public health problem that cannot be ignored. As a widely used drug in the treatment of COVID-19, whether glucocorticoids may accelerate the clearance of COVID-19 i...

    Authors: Guangxu Bai, Yan Li, Yang Liu, Xinming Wang, Xuezhong Yu, Lili Ren and Jun Xu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:273
  19. Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection and hospitalization, especially in children. Highly mutagenic nature and antigenic diversity enable the RSV...

    Authors: Sajid Umar, Rongyuan Yang, Xinye Wang, Yuntao Liu, Peifeng Ke and Sheng Qin
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:272
  20. Influenza A virus (IAV) is the only influenza virus causing flu pandemics (i.e., global epidemics of flu disease). Influenza (the flu) is a highly contagious disease that can be deadly, especially in high-risk...

    Authors: Huda A. M. Al-Shalan, Lu Zhou, Zhifan Dong, Penghao Wang, Philip K. Nicholls, Berin Boughton, Philip A. Stumbles, Wayne K. Greene and Bin Ma
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:270
  21. Sapovirus (SaV) infection is increasing globally. Concurrently, several SaV-outbreaks were observed in children of Zhejiang province, China, in recent years, In this study, the genotypes of Sapovirus from seve...

    Authors: Lingxuan Su, Haiyan Mao, Yi Sun, Hao Yan, Qiong Ge, Liming Gong and Yanjun Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:268
  22. Coronaviruses are pathogens of humans and animals that cause widespread and costly diseases. The development of effective strategies to combat the threat of coronaviruses is therefore a top priority. The conse...

    Authors: Ching-Hung Lin, Feng-Cheng Hsieh, Yu-Chia Chang, Cheng-Yao Yang, Hsuan-Wei Hsu, Chun-Chun Yang, Hon-Man-Herman Tam and Hung-Yi Wu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:267
  23. Omicron's high transmissibility and variability present new difficulties for COVID-19 vaccination prevention and therapy. In this article, we analyzed the sensitivity of vaccine-induced antibodies as well as t...

    Authors: Huichun Shi, Jiajia Sun, Yigang Zeng, Xiaomeng Wang, Shanshan Liu, Lijun Zhang and Enming Shao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:266
  24. The global decline in biodiversity is a matter of great concern for members of the class Reptilia. Reptarenaviruses infect snakes, and have been linked to various clinical conditions, such as Boid Inclusion Body ...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Abouelkhair, Ashkan Roozitalab and Ola K. Elsakhawy
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:265
  25. The porcine pseudorabies virus (PRV) is one of the most devastating pathogens and brings great economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Viruses are intracellular parasites that have evolved numerous st...

    Authors: Xin-Man Li, Shi-Ping Wang, Jin-Yuan Wang, Ting Tang, Bo Wan, Lei Zeng, Jiang Wang, Bei-Bei Chu, Guo-Yu Yang and Jia-Jia Pan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:264
  26. Human astroviruses (HAstV) are etiologic agents of acute gastroenteritis that most often afflict young children and elderly adults. Most studies of HAstV have focused on epidemiology. In this study, we collect...

    Authors: Jinhui Li, Lang Yang, Kaiying Wang, Zhiyong Gao, Peihan Li, Yanfeng Lin, Leili Jia, Quanyi Wang, Hongbin Song and Peng Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:263
  27. Influenza is an acute viral respiratory illness with high morbidity rates worldwide. Excessive pulmonary inflammation is the main characteristic of lethal influenza A virus (IAV) infections. Therapeutic option...

    Authors: Shanyu Zhang, Fengzhi Sun, Jinlu Zhu, Jianhong Qi, Wenjing Wang, Ziming Liu, Wenqian Li, Chuanguo Liu, Xuehuan Liu, Nonghan Wang, Xinyu Song, Dan Zhang, Dongmei Qi and Xiaolong Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:262
  28. Avian influenza (AI) is a disease caused by the avian influenza virus (AIV). These viruses spread naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and infect domestic poultry, other birds, and other animal species...

    Authors: Xu Zhou, Siwen Wang, Yue Ma, Yanbing Li, Guohua Deng, Jianzhong Shi and Xiurong Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:261
  29. Influenza A viruses (IAV) are a prevalent respiratory pathogen that can cause seasonal flu and global pandemics, posing a significant global public health threat. Emerging research suggests that IAV infections...

    Authors: LanYing Ma, Lingyun Ji, Tong Wang, Zhe Zhai, PeiWei Su, YaNan Zhang, Yuan Wang, WenXiao Zhao, ZhiChun Wu, HuaYun Yu and HaiJun Zhao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:260
  30. Authors: Kanaporn Poltep, Juthamas Phadungsombat, Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Witthawat Wiriyarat, Sarin Suwanpakdee, Phirom Prompiram, Emi E. Nakayama, Keita Suzuki, Hisahiko Iwamoto, Tatsuo Shioda and Pornsawan Leaungwutiwong
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:259

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2022 19:169

  31. Intrinsic fitness costs are likely to have guided the selection of lineage-determining mutations during emergence of variants of SARS-CoV-2. Whereas changes in receptor affinity and antibody neutralization hav...

    Authors: Simon Schröder, Anja Richter, Talitha Veith, Jackson Emanuel, Luca Gudermann, Kirstin Friedmann, Lara M. Jeworowski, Barbara Mühlemann, Terry C. Jones, Marcel A. Müller, Victor M. Corman and Christian Drosten
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:257
  32. Enterovirus 71(EV71)-associated hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) decreased dramatically in Beijing from 2009 to 2019. This study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, evolutionary dynamics...

    Authors: Jie Li, Zhichao Liang, Da Huo, Yang Yang, Renqing Li, Lei Jia, Xiaoli Wang, Chun Huang and Quanyi Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:256

    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2024 21:31

  33. The entomogenous fungus Beauveria bassiana is used as a biological insecticide worldwide, wild B. bassiana strains with high pathogenicity in the field play an important role in controlling insect pests via not o...

    Authors: Zhengkun Zhang, Wenbo Guo, Yang Lu, Qin Kang, Li Sui, Hongyu Liu, Yu Zhao, Xiaowei Zou and Qiyun Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:255
  34. To investigate the distribution of the incidence and genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) among women with cervical cancer (CC) and precancerous cervical lesions in Yueyang City, China, to develop preventio...

    Authors: Min Zeng, Xiaoyun Zhang, LiLi He, Xin Liu, Huawen Liu, Rui Deng, Bo Qiu, Fang Liu, Hang Xiao, Quanlv Li, Wen Li, Chongmei Liu and Yangqing Ge
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:254
  35. It is now understood that the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its associated containment measures have influenced the epidemiology of other respiratory viruses. This study aimed to characteriz...

    Authors: Ruoya Wu, Jianwei Zhang and Liyan Mo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:253
  36. The efficacy and safety of oncolytic virotherapies in the treatment of advanced melanoma still remains controversal. It is necessary to conduct quantitative evaluation on the basis of preclinical trial reports.

    Authors: Changyuan Wang, Nanxiao Lu, Lin Yan and Yang Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:252
  37. Gastrointestinal motility refers to the peristalsis and contractility of gastrointestinal muscles, including the force and frequency of gastrointestinal muscle contraction. Gastrointestinal motility maintains ...

    Authors: Yaqian Li, Qiuyu Chen, Liwei Wang, Xin Chen, Bangmao Wang and Weilong Zhong
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:251
  38. Respiratory viruses, particularly adenoviruses (ADV), influenza A virus (e.g., H1N1), and coronaviruses (e.g., HCoV-229E and SARS-CoV-2) pose a global public health problem. Therefore, developing natural wide-...

    Authors: Ghada E. Hegazy, Marwa M. Abu-Serie, Nadia A. Soliman, Mohamed Teleb and Yasser R. Abdel-Fattah
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:249
  39. Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by severe infection in children, but cases of sepsis associated with human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) have been rarely reported in newborns.

    Authors: Xiangpeng Chen, Hong Wang, Qi Li, Yujie Qi, Fei Li, Wenwen He, Qiushi Wang, Fei Jin, Yanqing Guo, Mingyan Hei and Zhengde Xie
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:248
  40. Persistent SARS-CoV-2 infection in immunocompromised hosts is thought to contribute to viral evolution by facilitating long-term natural selection and viral recombination in cases of viral co-infection or supe...

    Authors: Arghavan Alisoltani, Lacy M. Simons, Maria Francesca Reyes Agnes, Taylor A. Heald-Sargent, William J. Muller, Larry K. Kociolek, Judd F. Hultquist, Ramon Lorenzo-Redondo and Egon A. Ozer
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:246
  41. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a threat to human health and survival, resulting in many paediatric hospitalisations. However, the epidemiological and clinical severity characteristics of the human para...

    Authors: Le Wang, Sukun Lu, Yinghui Guo, Jianhua Liu, Peng Wu and Shuo Yang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:245
  42. Foamy viruses (FVs) are unique nonpathogenic retroviruses, which remain latent in the host for a long time. Therefore, they may be safe, effective gene transfer vectors. In this study, were assessed FV–host ce...

    Authors: Junshi Zhang, Yali Xu, Chenchen Wang, Xiaopeng Tuo, Xingli Zhao, Wentao Qiao and Juan Tan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:244
  43. Ethiopia is among the highly HIV-affected countries, with reported 12,000 and 12,000 AIDS-related deaths and incidents as per reports from 2021. Although the country has made a promising progress in antiretrov...

    Authors: Mulugeta Kiros, Sirak Biset, Birhane Gebremariam, Gebrehiwet Tesfay Yalew, Woldaregay Erku Abegaz and Alene Geteneh
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:243
  44. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a highly infectious member of the coronavirus family, which emerged in December 2019 in “Wuhan, China”. It induces respiratory illness ran...

    Authors: Sawsan Aboul-Fotouh, Ahmed Nageh Mahmoud, Esraa M. Elnahas, Mohamed Z. Habib and Sahar M. Abdelraouf
    Citation: Virology Journal 2023 20:241