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  1. Content type: Research

    To examine the epidemiological trends and changes of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection and the potential risk factors for severe infection in the Zhejiang eastern coastal area of China.

    Authors: Jun Tan, Yijuan Chen, Lin Wang, Ta-Chien Chan, Said Amer, Xiaobin Xu, Jian Cai, Wei Li, Xiaoqing Zheng, Mi Zhou, Shuwen Qin, Na Zhao, Ziping Miao and Shelan Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:16

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  2. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the author found the legends of Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 were incorrect.

    Authors: Xin Tang, Xiaobin Shi, Deyong Zhang, Fan Li, Fei Yan, Youjun Zhang, Yong Liu and Xuguo Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:14

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    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2017 14:169

  3. Content type: Research

    Autophagy is an essential process in eukaryotic cells in which autophagosomes form to deliver cellular organelles and long-lived proteins to lysosomes for degradation. Many studies have recently identified the...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Keren Chen, Yang Guo, Yaosheng Chen and Xiaohong Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:13

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  4. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], Table 1 has some errors.

    Authors: Elif Nurtop, Paola Mariela Saba Villarroel, Boris Pastorino, Laetitia Ninove, Jan Felix Drexler, Yelin Roca, Bouba Gake, Audrey Dubot-Peres, Gilda Grard, Christophe Peyrefitte, Stéphane Priet, Xavier de Lamballerie and Pierre Gallian

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:12

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    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2018 15:192

  5. Content type: Research

    Data on the treatment of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection remains limited. A comprehensive analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ombi...

    Authors: Jingjing Wu, Peng Huang, Haozhi Fan, Ting Tian, Xueshan Xia, Zuqiang Fu, Yan Wang, Xiangyu Ye, Ming Yue and Yun Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:11

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  6. Content type: Research

    Tomato torrado virus (ToTV) infection manifests with burn-like symptoms on leaves, leaflets and upper stem parts of susceptible infected plants. The symptoms caused by ToTV may be considered as one of the most se...

    Authors: Przemysław Wieczorek, Barbara Wrzesińska, Patryk Frąckowiak, Arnika Przybylska and Aleksandra Obrępalska-Stęplowska

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:9

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  7. Content type: Research

    Yokose virus was first isolated from bats (Miniopterus fuliginosus) collected in Yokosuka, Japan, in 1971, and is a new member of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus. In this study, we isolated a Yokose vir...

    Authors: Yun Feng, Xiaojie Ren, Ziqian Xu, Shihong Fu, Xiaolong Li, Hailin Zhang, Weihong Yang, Yuzhen Zhang and Guodong Liang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:8

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  8. Content type: Research

    Tospoviruses (genus Tospovirus, family Peribunyaviridae, order Bunyavirales) cause significant losses to a wide range of agronomic and horticultural crops worldwide. Identification and characterization of specifi...

    Authors: Cristian Olaya, Badri Adhikari, Gaurav Raikhy, Jianlin Cheng and Hanu R. Pappu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:7

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  9. Content type: Short report

    Waterfowl parvoviruses, including goose parvovirus (GPV) and Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV), can cause seriously diseases in geese and ducks. Developing a fast and precise diagnosis assay for these two parvovi...

    Authors: Su Lin, Shao Wang, Xiaoxia Cheng, Shifeng Xiao, Xiuqin Chen, Shilong Chen, Shaoying Chen and Fusong Yu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:6

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  10. Content type: Research

    Understanding the prevalence and evolution of HIV-1 drug resistance (DR) and associated mutation patterns is critical to implementing free antiretroviral therapy in Yunnan, the first antiretroviral treatment l...

    Authors: Jianjian Li, Yawen Xu, Jiafa Liu, Bihui Yang, Cuixian Yang, Mi Zhang and Xingqi Dong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:5

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  11. Content type: Research

    Aquaculture is the fastest growing sector of food production worldwide. However, one of the major reasons limiting its effectiveness are infectious diseases among aquatic organisms resulting in vast economic l...

    Authors: Joanna Kazimierczak, Ewelina Agnieszka Wójcik, Jolanta Witaszewska, Arkadiusz Guziński, Elżbieta Górecka, Małgorzata Stańczyk, Edyta Kaczorek, Andrzej Krzysztof Siwicki and Jarosław Dastych

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:4

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  12. Content type: Research

    Avian influenza A H7N9 virus has caused five outbreak waves of human infections in China since 2013 and posed a dual challenge to public health and poultry industry. The number of reported H7N9 virus human cas...

    Authors: Jianru Qin, Ouyang Peng, Xiaoting Shen, Lang Gong, Chunyi Xue and Yongchang Cao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:3

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  13. Content type: Research

    Eastern equine encephalitis virus is an alphavirus that naturally cycles between mosquitoes and birds or rodents in Eastern States of the US. Equine infection occurs by being bitten by cross-feeding mosquitoes...

    Authors: Amanda L. Phelps, Lyn M. O’Brien, Lin S. Eastaugh, Carwyn Davies, Mark S. Lever, Jane Ennis, Larry Zeitlin, Alejandro Nunez and David O. Ulaeto

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:2

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  14. Content type: Short report

    Flaviviruses are important pathogens for humans and animals (Dengue viruses, Yellow fever virus, Zika virus and West Nile virus). Culex flavivirus (CxFV) is an insect-specific virus of the genus Flavivirus, detec...

    Authors: Jorge Miranda, Salim Mattar, Marco Gonzalez, Richard Hoyos-López, Ader Aleman and Jose Aponte

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:1

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  15. Content type: Short report

    Pseudorabies virus (PRV) of the family Herpesviridae is the causative agent of Aujeszky’s disease. Attenuation of PRV by serial passaging in vitro is a well-established method; however, the dynamic variations occ...

    Authors: Chao Ye, Jiqiang Wu, Wu Tong, Tongling Shan, Xuefei Cheng, Jingjing Xu, Chao Liang, Hao Zheng, Guoxin Li and Guangzhi Tong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:195

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  16. Content type: Research

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are considered to be at significant risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI) and bloodborne viruses including viral hepatitis types B, C, and D (HBV, HCV, and HDV) and hum...

    Authors: Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Seni Kouanda, Ashley Grosso, Rebecca Compaoré, Modibo Camara, Charlemagne Dabire, Rasmata Ouedraogo, Yves Traore, Stefan Baral and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:194

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  17. Content type: Research

    Zika virus (ZIKV) has become a global threat with immediate need for accurate diagnostics, efficacious vaccines and therapeutics. Several ZIKV envelope (Env)-based vaccines have been developed recently. Howeve...

    Authors: Young Chan Kim, Cesar Lopez-Camacho, Joanne E. Nettleship, Nahid Rahman, Michelle L. Hill, Laura Silva-Reyes, Georgina Ortiz-Martinez, Gloria Figueroa-Aguilar, María Antonieta Mar, Héctor Vivanco-Cid, Christine S. Rollier, Nicole Zitzmann, Martha Eva Viveros-Sandoval, Raymond J. Owens and Arturo Reyes-Sandoval

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:193

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  18. Content type: Short report

    Here we propose a strategy allowing implementing efficient and practicable large-scale seroepidemiological studies for Zika Virus (ZIKV). It combines screening by a commercial NS1 protein-based Zika IgG ELISA,...

    Authors: Elif Nurtop, Paola Mariela Saba Villarroel, Boris Pastorino, Laetitia Ninove, Jan Felix Drexler, Yelin Roca, Bouba Gake, Audrey Dubot-Peres, Gilda Grard, Christophe Peyrefitte, Stéphane Priet, Xavier de Lamballerie and Pierre Gallian

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:192

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2019 16:12

  19. Content type: Short report

    The major obstacle to cure of HIV type-1 infection is the presence of the HIV reservoir, hidden from the immune system and insensitive to combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Eradication approaches have bee...

    Authors: Mary-Aude Rochat, Erika Schlaepfer, Stefan P. Kuster, Duo Li, Annette Audige, Sandra Ivic, Audrey Fahrny and Roberto F. Speck

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:191

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  20. Content type: Research

    African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes an acute hemorrhagic infection in suids with a mortality rate of up to 100%. No vaccine is available and the potential for catastrophic disease in Europe remains elevate...

    Authors: Jason Farlow, Marina Donduashvili, Maka Kokhreidze, Adam Kotorashvili, Nino G. Vepkhvadze, Nato Kotaria and Ana Gulbani

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:190

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  21. Content type: Research

    The avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) remains a significant source of loss in the poultry industry and early diagnosis is required to prevent the disease from spreading. This study examined the combined ...

    Authors: Paula Fonseca Finger, Michele Soares Pepe, Luana Alves Dummer, Carolina Georg Magalhães, Clarissa Caetano de Castro, Silvia de Oliveira Hübner, Fábio Pereira Leivas Leite, Giseli Aparecida Ritterbusch, Paulo Augusto Esteves and Fabricio Rochedo Conceição

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:189

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  22. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis B virus is a hepatotropic DNA virus that reproduces via an RNA intermediate. It can lead to an increased risk of serious liver diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma and is a serious threat to pub...

    Authors: Lei Jia, Fengyu Hu, Hanping Li, Lin Li, Xiaoping Tang, Yongjian Liu, Haohui Deng, Jingwan Han, Jingyun Li and Weiping Cai

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:188

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  23. Content type: Research

    The influenza matrix protein (M1) layer under the viral membrane plays multiple roles in virus assembly and infection. N-domain and C-domain are connected by a loop region, which consists of conserved RQMV motif.

    Authors: Petra Švančarová and Tatiana Betáková

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:187

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  24. Content type: Research

    Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is one of the main infectious causative agents of abortion in mares and can also be associated with stillbirth, neonatal foal death, rhinopneumonitis in young horses and a neur...

    Authors: Anna Karolina Matczuk, Małgorzata Skarbek, Natalia Anna Jackulak and Barbara Anna Bażanów

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:186

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  25. Content type: Research

    Hevea brasiliensis is an important commercial crop due to the high quality of the latex it produces; however, little is known about viral infections in this plant. The only virus described to infect H. brasiliens...

    Authors: Paula L. C. Fonseca, Fernanda Badotti, Tatiana F. P. de Oliveira, Antônio Fonseca, Aline B. M. Vaz, Luiz M. R. Tomé, Jônatas S. Abrahão, João T. Marques, Giliane S. Trindade, Priscila Chaverri, Eric R. G. R. Aguiar and Aristóteles Góes-Neto

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:184

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  26. Content type: Short report

    Usutu virus (USUV) is a mosquito-born flavivirus that can infect multiple avian and mammalian species. The viral surface envelope (E) protein functions to initiate the viral infection by recognizing cellular r...

    Authors: Zimin Chen, Fei Ye, Sheng Lin, Fanli Yang, Yanwei Cheng, Yu Cao, Zhujun Chen and Guangwen Lu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:183

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  27. Content type: Short report

    Cellular protein eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) is an actin binding protein that plays a role in the formation of filamentous actin (F-actin) bundles. F-Actin regulates multiple stages of ...

    Authors: Natale Snape, Dongsheng Li, Ting Wei, Hongping Jin, Mary Lor, Daniel J. Rawle, Kirsten M. Spann and David Harrich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:182

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  28. Content type: Review

    The recently approved interferon-free DAA (direct antiviral agents) regimens have shown not only to be effective in terms of sustained virological response (SVR) rates (> 90%) but also well tolerated in most h...

    Authors: Antonio Di Biagio, Lucia Taramasso and Giovanni Cenderello

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:180

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  29. Content type: Research

    Newcastle disease (ND) outbreaks are global challenges to the poultry industry. Effective management requires rapid identification and virulence prediction of the circulating Newcastle disease viruses (NDV), t...

    Authors: Salman L. Butt, Tonya L. Taylor, Jeremy D. Volkening, Kiril M. Dimitrov, Dawn Williams-Coplin, Kevin K. Lahmers, Patti J. Miller, Asif M. Rana, David L. Suarez, Claudio L. Afonso and James B. Stanton

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:179

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  30. Content type: Research

    Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis. To detect RVF virus (RVFV) infection, indirect immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) which ut...

    Authors: Fuxun Yu, Ferdinard Adungo, Samson Limbaso Konongoi, Shingo Inoue, Rosemary Sang, Salame Ashur, Allan ole Kwallah, Leo Uchida, Corazon C Buerano, Matilu Mwau, Yan Zha, Yingjie Nie and Kouichi Morita

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:178

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  31. Content type: Research

    The emergence in 2014 and persistence of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Lithuania has been linked to infected wild boar movement and close contact with the carcasses of other infected wild boars. Over time the n...

    Authors: Arnoldas Pautienius, Juozas Grigas, Simona Pileviciene, Ruta Zagrabskaite, Jurate Buitkuviene, Gediminas Pridotkas, Rolandas Stankevicius, Zaneta Streimikyte, Algirdas Salomskas, Dainius Zienius and Arunas Stankevicius

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:177

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  32. Content type: Research

    Despite vaccination and screening measures, anogenital cancer, mainly promoted by HPV16 oncoproteins, still represents the fourth tumor and the second cause of death among women.

    Authors: Diletta Francesca Squarzanti, Rita Sorrentino, Manuela Miriam Landini, Andrea Chiesa, Sabrina Pinato, Francesca Rocchio, Martina Mattii, Lorenza Penengo and Barbara Azzimonti

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:176

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  33. Content type: Research

    Few studies have analyzed influenza B virus lineages based on hemagglutinin A (HA) gene sequences in southern China. The present study analyzed the HA gene and the lineages of influenza B virus isolates from Guan...

    Authors: Feng Ye, Xiao-juan Chen, Wen-da Guan, Si-hua Pan, Zi-feng Yang and Rong-chang Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:175

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  34. Content type: Research

    Rabies is a fatal disease that is preventable when post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is administered in a timely fashion. CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) can trigger cells that express Toll-like receptor 9, and...

    Authors: Pengcheng Yu, Jianghong Yan, Weicheng Wu, Xiaoyan Tao, Xuexin Lu, Shuqing Liu and Wuyang Zhu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:174

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  35. Content type: Research

    The pattern recognition receptors (PPRs) are the earliest phase of the host defense against pathogens in genital epithelium, and toll-like receptors (TLRs) are best characterized PPRs mediating innate immune r...

    Authors: Xiaowen Lv, Huanru Wang, Airong Su, Shijie Xu and Ying Chu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:173

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  36. Content type: Research

    Influenza A virus (IAV) is an important pathogen that poses a severe threat to the health of humans. Nucleoprotein (NP) of IAV plays crucial roles in the viral life cycle by interacting with various cellular f...

    Authors: Guoyao Ma, Lin Chen, Jing Luo, Bo Wang, Chengmin Wang, Meng Li, Chengmei Huang, Juan Du, Jiajun Ma, Yungfu Chang and Hongxuan He

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:172

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  37. Content type: Research

    Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) is an acute and highly contagious enteric disease caused by PED virus (PEDV), characterized by vomitting, watery diarrhea and fatal dehydration with high mortality in sucking pi...

    Authors: Yifeng Chen, Zhibang Zhang, Jie Li, Yueyi Gao, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Jun Han, Xin Guo and Hanchun Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:170

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  38. Content type: Research

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRSV) is an important immunosuppressive virus which can suppresses infected cells proliferation. In this work, we examined PRRSV ability to manipulate cell ...

    Authors: Linlin Song, Ximeng Han, Cunyu Jia, Xin Zhang, Yunjie Jiao, Taofeng Du, Shuqi Xiao, Julian A. Hiscox, En-Min Zhou and Yang Mu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:169

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  39. Content type: Research

    Viral disease has become the most severe constraint for the cultivation and production of Passiflora edulis in China. The infection of Telosma mosaic virus (TeMV), a potyvirus, and its effects on the phytochemica...

    Authors: Shuangshuang Chen, Nannan Yu, Shaohuan Yang, Baoping Zhong and Hanhong Lan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:168

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  40. Content type: Methodology

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human Rhinovirus (HRV) and human Metapneumo Virus (HMPV) are important viral pathogens causing acute respiratory tract infections in the hospitalized patients. Sensitive and ...

    Authors: Zhi-shan Feng, Li Zhao, Ji Wang, Fang-zhou Qiu, Meng-chuan Zhao, Le Wang, Su-xia Duan, Rui-qing Zhang, Chen Chen, Ju-Ju Qi, Tao Fan, Gui-xia Li and Xue-jun Ma

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:167

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  41. Content type: Research

    Cervical cancer screening with assays detecting DNA of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) types is more effective than cytology-based screening. This study completes the diagnostic accuracy assessment cond...

    Authors: Ajmal Akbari, Davy Vanden Broeck, Ina Benoy, Elizaveta Padalko, Johannes Bogers and Marc Arbyn

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:166

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  42. Content type: Research

    Limited data are available on the incidence of variations in nucleotide sequences of long terminal repeat (LTR) regions of Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV). Consequently, the possible impact of SNPs on BLV LTR func...

    Authors: Aneta Pluta, Marzena Rola-Łuszczak, Renée N Douville and Jacek Kuźmak

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:165

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  43. Content type: Research

    The H6N1 subtype of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) can infect people with an influenza-like illness; the H6N1 viruses possess the ability for zoonotic transmission from avians into mammals, and possibly pose a...

    Authors: Haibo Wu, Fan Yang, Fumin Liu, Rufeng Lu, Xiuming Peng, Bin Chen, Hangping Yao and Nanping Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:164

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  44. Content type: Short report

    In 2017 the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of an outbreak of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country with 146 cases with 2 deaths. The analysis of ...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Olusola Anuoluwapo Akanbi, Dominik Harms, Olufisayo Adesina, Folakemi Abiodun Osundare, Dhamari Naidoo, Isabel Deveaux, Opeayo Ogundiran, Uzoma Ugochukwu, Nwando Mba, Chikwe Ihekweazu and C.-Thomas Bock

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:163

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  45. Content type: Research

    Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is a key cytosolic receptor of the innate immune system. Seneca valley virus (SVV) is a newly emerging RNA virus that infects pigs causing significant economic losses in ...

    Authors: Pengfei Li, Xiangle Zhang, Weijun Cao, Fan Yang, Xiaoli Du, Zhengwang Shi, Miaotao Zhang, Xiangtao Liu, Zixiang Zhu and Haixue Zheng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:162

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