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Table 1 Outbreaks in poultry of subtype H7 avian influenza viruses of low (LP) and high (HP) pathogenicity in Europe, 1999–2016 [20]

From: Real-time reverse transcription PCR-based sequencing-independent pathotyping of Eurasian avian influenza A viruses of subtype H7

Year Country Subtype Pathotype Number of infected holdings
1999–2000 Italy H7N1 HP 1
2003 Netherland H7N7 HP 255
2008 United Kingdom H7N7 HP 1
2009 Germany H7N7 LP 1
2009/2010 Spain H7N7 LP/ HP 1/1a
2011 Germany H7N7 LP 23
2013 Denmark H7N7 LP 1
2013 Italy H7N7 HP 6
2015 United Kingdom H7N7 LP/ HP 1/1
2015 Germany H7N7 LP/ HP 1/1
2015 Netherland H7N7 LP 2
2016 Denmark H7N7 LP 1
2016 Italy H7N7 HP 2
  1. a Slash indicates that a matching pair of LP precursor and HP mutant viruses had been detected