Skip to main content

Table 3 The viral load, levels of inflammatory markers and lymphocyte subsets of the study subjects according to disease severity of COVID-19 on admission to hospital

From: Viral loads, lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in asymptomatic, mildly and critical symptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: a retrospective study

Laboratory findings Disease severity of COVID-19 Statistic parameter
(mean ± SD) AS (n = 11) MS (n = 26) SCS (n = 11) F value P value
Ct values 31.9 ± 2.6 31.0 ± 3.0 31.6 ± 2.8 0.398 0.674
B cells (%) 28.9 ± 14.8 13.3 ± 7.7 9.6 ± 6.6 7.018 0.002**
NK cells (%) 6.6 ± 5.1 3.8 ± 1.8 3.5 ± 1.1 1.286 0.286
CD 3 + T cells (%) 61.7 ± 7.8 63.9 ± 12.1 52.1 ± 13.2 4.079 0.024*
CD3 + CD4 + T cells (%) 33.3 ± 5.6 36.1 ± 9.7 30.3 ± 8.7 1.764 0.183
CD3 + CD8 + T cells (%) 23.1 ± 6.3 24.2 ± 10.5 17.0 ± 5.6 2.634 0.083
CD4 + /CD8 + ratio (%) 1.6 ± 0.8 1.8 ± 0.9 1.9 ± 0.8 1.764 0.183
IL2 (pg/mL) 4.8 ± 6.2 4.8 ± 4.1 8.3 ± 6.7 1.834 0.172
IL4 (pg/mL) 3.8 ± 2.6 3.8 ± 1.8 3.4 ± 1.1 0.161 0.852
IL5 (pg/mL) 5.9 ± 6.4 5.3 ± 4.4 6.3 ± 4.9 0.179 0.836
IL6 (pg/mL) 7.0 ± 10.2 6.0 ± 11.3 572.7 ± 1326.4 3.479 0.039*
IL8 (pg/mL) 52.9 ± 123.0 88.8 ± 90.8 885.7 ± 1920.0 3.348 0.044*
IL10 (pg/mL) 2.9 ± 1.1 2.7 ± 0.8 7.0 ± 7.6 5.819 0006**
TNF-α (pg/mL) 19.3 ± 43.6 58.2 ± 60.8 9.5 ± 7.5 4.689 0.014*
INF-α (pg/mL) 4.0 ± 3.9 5.7 ± 9.3 3.4 ± 0.7 0.451 0.640
INF-γ (pg/mL) 16.1 ± 34.8 26.9 ± 66.9 11.5 + 8.3 0.390 0.680 
  1. One‐way analysis of variance. Statistically significant, *P < 0. 05, **P < 0.001