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Table 1 Double jelly-roll virus families for which the major capsid protein and/or capsid structures have been studied

From: The so far farthest reaches of the double jelly roll capsid protein fold

Example virus and family name Host Capsid diameter Triangulation number Genome type and approximate size Ref. Number of accepted species in ICTV [35]
Prokaryotic host - bacteria
PRD1, Tectiviridae Gram-negative bacteria 70 nm T = 25 linear dsDNA, 15 kbp [36] 6
PM2, Corticoviridae Pseudoalteromonas 60 nm T = 21d circular dsDNA, 10 kbp [33] 1
Salisaeta Icosahedral phage 1 (SSIP-1), Sphaerolipoviridae?, Unclassified Salisaeta sp 100 nm (single jelly roll?) T = 49 circular dsDNA, 44 kbp [37]
Flavobacterium-infecting, lipid-containing phage (FLiP), Unclassified Flavobacterium sp. 55 nm T = 21d circular ssDNA, 9 kb [19]
Prokaryotic host - archaea
STIV, Turriviridae Sulfolobus solfataricus 96 nm (with turrets) 73 nm (without) T = 31d circular dsDNA, 18 kbp [38] 2
HHIV-2, Sphaerolipoviridae Haloarcula hispanica 80 nm (single jelly roll) T = 28d linear dsDNA, 30 kbp [22] 7a
Eukaryotic host
Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus 1 (PBCV-1), Phycodnaviridae Chlorella variabilis 190 nm T = 169d dsDNA with covalently closed hairpin termini, 330 kbp [39, 40] 33
Phaeocystis pouchetii virus 1 (PpV01) Phycodnaviridae or Mimiviridae: under debate.b Phaeocystis pouchetii (phytoplankton) 220 nm T = 219 485 kbp [40, 41]
Cafeteria roenbergensis virus (genus Cafeteriavirus, Mimiviridae) Cafeteria roenbergensis (zooplankton) 300 nm T = 499 730 kbp [14, 42] 1c
Acanthamoeba polyphaga Mimivirus (APMV), genus Mimivirus, Mimiviridae Acanthamoeba polyphaga 500 nm T = 972–1200 linear dsDNA, 1180 kbp [15, 43] 1
Sputnik, Lavidaviridae Amoebae/Mimivirus (virophage) 75 nm T = 27 circular dsDNA, 18 kbp [44] 3
Melbournevirus, Marseilleviridae Acanthamoeba castellanii 230 nm T = 309 circular (?) dsDNA, 369 kbp [45, 46] 4
Faustovirus, unclassified (distantly related to Asfarviridae) Vermamoeba vermiformis 260 nm T = 277 circular dsDNA, 466 kbp [47,48,49]
Pacmanvirus, unclassified (distantly related to Faustovirus and Asfarviridae) Acanthamoeba castellanii 250 nm T = 309 dsDNA, 395 kbp [50]
Chilo iridescent virus (CIV), Iridoviridae Invertebrates, amphibians, fish 185 nm T = 147 linear dsDNA, 212 kbp [51, 52] 13
Adenovirus, Adenoviridae Vertebrates 95 nm T = 25 linear dsDNA, 27–43 kbp [3] 104
Vaccinia virus, Poxviridae Vertebrates 200–300 nm Non-icosahedral linear dsDNA, 130–375 kbp [16] 71
  1. aTwo of these seven sphaerolipovirus species have been isolated from extremophile bacterial hosts [21]
  2. bFor a recent discussion on the diversity of Mimiviridae and their taxonomic challenge, see Ref. [53]
  3. cClaverie and Abergel [53] list eleven members of the Mimiviridae family that have been physically isolated and fully sequenced, covering a genome length range of 370–1500 kbp and a particle size range of 140–600 nm (for the icosahedral shell)