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Table 4 Viral shedding of PPMV-1 from the oral cavity and cloaca of experimentally infected pigeons. Pigeons in groups A1, A2 and A3 were infected with 106 EID50pi/China/SD/2012/132; pigeons in groups B1, B2 and B3 were infected with 106 EID50 pi/China/SH/2013/167. Positive-control group (PC) birds were intramuscularly injected with 106 EID50 F48E8; and negative-control group (NC) birds were inoculated with sterile PBS (pH 7.2). IV, intravenous injection; IM, intramuscular injection; IN, intranasal infection; IO, intraocular infection

From: Phylogenetic, antigenic and biological characterization of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 circulating in China

Group A1 A2 A3 B1 B2 B3 PC NC
dpi IV IM IN&IO IV IM IN&IO IM IM
5 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 2/7 2/7 1/7 2/7 2/6 0/7
  Cloacal 0/7 0/7 0/7 1/7 0/7 0/7 0/6 0/7
7 Oropharyngeal 3/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 6/7 1/7 6/6 0/7
  Cloacal 0/7 0/7 0/7 1/7 0/7 1/7 2/6 0/7
10 Oropharyngeal 3/7 4/7 0/7 1/7 3/7 1/7 3/4 0/7
  Cloacal 7/7 6/7 1/7 6/7 7/7 1/7 1/4 0/7
14 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 0/7 1/7 0/7 0/7 1/4 0/7
  Cloacal 1/7 1/7 0/7 2/7 1/7 1/7 1/4 0/7
21 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 1/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
  Cloacal 1/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
28 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
  Cloacal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
35 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
  Cloacal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
42 Oropharyngeal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7
  Cloacal 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/7 0/4 0/7