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Table 1 Global distribution of genogroups of CV-A16

From: Characterization of VP1 sequence of Coxsackievirus A16 isolates by Bayesian evolutionary method

Isolated time and location MCC NJ
1951 South Africa GI A
2008 China: Fuyang
2010 China: Ningbo
1981–1998 Japan GII B2
1998–2000 Malaysia
1995 Japan: Yamagata GIII B1a
1995, 1997 Japan: Yamagata GIV-1 B1a
1998, 2005 Taiwan
2004 Russia
2011China: Wuhan
2005–2007 Malaysia GIV-2 B1c
2009–2010 Russia
2010 France
2011 Japan: Yamagata
2000–2001 Australia GIV-3 cluster1 B1b
2000 Malaysia   
2001, 2003 Arabia;   
2000, 2002–2003 Japan: Toyama   
2007–2008 China   
2007 Malaysia GIV-3 cluster2 B1b
2009 Cameroon
2007–2010 Russia
2011 Japan: Yamagata
2007–2013 China
1997–2003, 2005–2007 Malaysia GV cluster1 B1a
1998 Sweden
2000–2004, 2006, 2008 Japan: Yamagata
1999 Australia
2000–2002 Thailand
2008 South Korea
2002 Japan Toyama
2010 France
2005 Australia GV cluster2 B1a
2006 Taiwan
2005, 2007 Malaysia
2005 Thailand
2008–2010 Japan: Yamagata
2007 Japan: Toyama
2005 Vietnam
2010 Thailand
2007–2012 China
  1. Note: The time and spatial distribution of all genogroups were shown in this table. The comparison the genogroups is constructed by maximum likelihood
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