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Table 3 Bi variable models of factors associated with HSV-2 prevalence among pregnant women attending ANC in Wolaita zone health centers, SNNPR, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Seroprevalence and risk factors of herpes simplex virus-2 among pregnant women attending antenatal care at health facilities in Wolaita zone, Ethiopia

Variables HSV-2 sero status COR 95 % C.I. for COR P- value
Negative (%) Positive (%) Lower Upper
Age
  > =30 year 29(11.5) 13(5.2) 1    
 15–19 years 23(9.1) 17(6.7) 1.649 0.666 4.080 0.279
 20–24 years 65(25.8) 21(8.3) 0.721 0.318 1.634 0.433
 25–29 years 54(21.4) 30(11.9) 1.239 0.561 2.736 0.595
Educational level
 Above grade 12 28(11.1) 18(7.1) 1    
 Illiterate 22(8.7) 9(3.6) 0.636 0.240 1.688 0.364
 Grade 1–4 27(10.7) 15(6) 0.864 0.364 2.053 0.741
 Grade 5–8 45(17.9) 24(9.5) 0.830 0.383 1.795 0.635
 Grade 9–12 49(19.4) 15(6) 0.476 0.208 1.090 0.079
Occupation
 Merchant 21(8.3) 18(7.1) 1    
 Gov.employee 17(6.7) 10(4) 0.686 0.252 1.872 0.462
 Housewife 98(38.9) 44(17.5) 0.524 0.254 1.079 0.080
aDaily labours 35(13.9) 9(3.6) 2.410 1.114 3.788 0.015
1st sexual intercourse age
a25-29 years 6(2.4) 6(2.4) 1    0.028
 15–19 years 83(32.9) 50(19.8) 0.602 0.184 1.970 0.402
 20–24 years 82(32.5) 25(9.9) 0.305 0.090 1.030 0.056
Life time no of sex. partner
 1 94(37.3) 62(24.6) 0.374 0.206 0.679 0.001
a > =2 77(30.6) 19(7.5) 1    
STI symptoms
 no 89(35.3) 22(8.7) 1    
a yes 82(32.5) 59(23.4) 2.911 1.639 5.169 0.000
Gestation wks
  > 28 weeks 65(25.8) 31(12.3) 1    
  < 20 week 9(3.6) 6(2.4) 1.398 0.457 4.276 0.557
 20–28weeks 97(38.5) 44(17.5) 0.951 0.545 1.660 0.860
Age at 1st pregnancy
  > =18 years 133(52.8) 54(21.4) 1    
  < 18 years 38(15.1) 27(10.7) 1.750 0.974 3.144 0.061
Contraceptive
 No 89(35.3) 22(8.7) 1    
a Yes 82(32.5) 59(23.4) 2.911 1.639 5.169 0.000
No of child
  > 5 37(14.7) 20(7.9) 1    
 0-2 69(27.4) 38(15.1) 1.019 0.520 1.997 0.957
 3–5 65(25.8) 23(9.1) 0.655 0.318 1.348 0.250
  1. aStatistical significant association