Skip to main content

Table 1 Heterogeneity of the meta-analysis on prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms by symptoms category and virus (sub)-type

From: Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with influenza, clinical significance, and pathophysiology of human influenza viruses in faecal samples: what do we know?

Meta-analysis Influenza virus (sub)-type Number of studies I 2 Statistic[IC] Q Statistic (p-value)
Gastrointestinal symptoms A(H3N2) 4 96.9 % [94.4–98.3] 96.2 (p < 0.0001)
  A(H1N1) 2 75.4 % [0.0–94.4] 4.1 (p = 0.0439)
  A(H1N1)pdm09 3 97.5 % [95.1–98.7] 78.8 (p < 0.0001)
  B 3 95.6 % [90.4–97.9] 45.5 (p < 0.0001)
Vomiting A(H3N2) 5 88.3 % [75.3–94.5] 34.2 (p < 0.0001)
  A(H1N1)pdm09 2 75.4 % [0.0–94.4] 4.1 (p = 0.0439)
  B 4 0 % [0–81.6] 2.5 (p = 0.4748)
Diarrhea A(H3N2) 4 86.9 % [68.4–94.6] 22.9 (p < 0.0001)
  B 4 0 % [0.00–76.6] 1.7 (p = 0.6462)
Abdominal pain A(H3N2) 3 97.1 % [94.2–98.5] 68.5 (p < 0.0001)
  B 2 0 % [0.00–0.00] 0.01 (p = 0.9005)