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Figure 1 | Virology Journal

Figure 1

From: Plant-based vaccines against viruses

Figure 1

Transmission electron micrograph of virus-like particles composed of Influenzavirus A H5N1 haemagglutinin (HA) and plant lipids, produced by transient expression of the H5 HA via agroinfiltration of Nicotiana benthamiana leaves with recombinant Agrobacterium tumefaciens . Full-length HA was produced using the pTra-ERH vector modified for apoplastic secretion, as described by Mortimer et al. [43]. Particles were eluted by gentle centrifugation from leaves that had been vacuum infiltrated with phosphate buffered saline pH 7.4, then cut into strips and rolled up for insertion into centrifuge tubes.

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