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Table 6 Rotavirus incidence distribution in relation to possible risk factors.

From: Incidence of rotavirus infection in children with gastroenteritis attending Jos university teaching hospital, Nigeria

Variables Rotavirus status of children   
  Positive(%) Negative(%) Total(%) P-value
Heard of rotavirus
Infection before
Yes 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 0.059
No 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Source of drinking water
Tap water 12(7.5) 58(36.7) 70(43.8)  
Well water 8(5.0) 56(35.0) 64(40.0) 0.213
Stream water 0(0.0) 18(11.3) 18(11.3)  
Others 2(1.3) 6(3.8) 8(5.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Type of toilet used
Water system 12(7.5) 40(25.0) 52(32.5)  
Pit toilet 8(5.0) 88(55.0) 96(60.0)  
Bucket system 2(1.3) 10(0.0) 12(0.0) 0.443
In bushes 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 0(0.0)   
Others   0(0.0) 0(0.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Distance of toilet from water source
Far 16(10.0) 80(50.0) 96(60.0) 0.043
Near 6(3.8) 58(36.3) 64(40.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Playing with toys
Yes 20(12.5) 122(76.3) 142(90.0) 0.011
No 2(1.3) 16(10.0) 18(11.3)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Wash child's hands after every visit to toilet
Yes 10(6.3) 28(23.8) 48(30.0) 0.089
No 12(7.5) 100(63.8) 112(71.2)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Wash child's hands before every meal
Yes 16(10.0) 110(68.8) 126(78.8) 0.457
No 6(3.8) 28(17.5) 34(21.3)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Attends day care or nursery school
Yes 16(10.0) 52(32.6) 68(42.6) 0.013
No 6(3.8) 86(53.8) 92(57.5)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Consumption of food that need no cooking
Yes 6(3.8) 66(41.3) 72(45.0) 0.039
No 16(7.5) 72(45.0) 88(55.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
Often play with other people/children
Yes 8(5.0) 52(32.5) 60(37.5) 0.041
No 14(8.8) 86(53.8) 100(62.5)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)  
No. of times house is cleaned per week
Once 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 0(0.0)  
Twice 2(1.3) 10(6.3) 12(7.5) 0.760
Trice or more 20(12.5) 128(80.0) 148(92.7)  
None 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 0(0.0)  
Total(%) 22(13.8) 138(86.2) 160(100.0)