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Table 3 Percent prevalence rates of HBV infection in Healthcare workers, pregnant women and pediatric population.

From: Hepatitis B virus in Pakistan: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, awareness status and genotypes

Population type Region Methods Population size HBV positive (%) HBV marker Reference
Health Care Personals Abbottabad ELISA 125 2.4% HBsAg Sarwar et al. [41] 2008
  Muzaffarabad RPHA, ELISA 199 4.1% HBsAg Naz et al. [42] 2002
Pregnant women Karachi ICT 2592 0.34% HBsAg Sheikh, [43] 2009
  Swat ICT, ELISA 5607 3.98% HBsAg Khattak et al. [44] 2009
  Karachi EIA 5902 4.6% HBsAg Sami et al. [45] 2009
  Lahore ICT, ELISA 2439 2.2% HBsAg Batool et al. [46] 2008
  Bahawalpur ICT, ELISA 300 12.3% HBsAG, HBeAG, HBcAB, HBsAB, Ahmad et al. [47] 2007
  Karachi ICT, ELISA 25,482 1.57% HBs Ag Ali & Memon, [48] 2007
  Hyderabad ICT, ELISA 103 12.6% HBsAg Yousfani et al. [49] 2006
  Rahim Yar Khan ELISA 450 12.0% HBsAg Hakeem et al. [50] 2006
  Karachi ICT, ELISA 245 3.26% HBsAg Mehnaz et al. [51] 2002
Children Karachi ELISA 3533 1.8% HBsAg Jafri et al. [52] 2006
  Lahore RPHA, ELISA 392 2.04%. HBsAg Khan et al. [53] 1998
  1. EIA: Enzyme Immunoassay, RPHA: Reverse Passive Hemagglutination Technique