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Table 1 Prevalence of HBV in general population, young recruits and prisoners.

From: Hepatitis B virus in Pakistan: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, awareness status and genotypes

Population type Region Methods Population size HBV (%) HBV marker Reference
General population Lahore ELISA 992 8.06% HBsAg Nafees et al. [10] 2009
  Larkana ICT, ELISA 200 4.8% HBsAg Shaikh et al. [11] 2009
  Lahore ICT 203 2.46 HBsAg Tanveer et al. [12] 2008
  Karachi ICT, ELISA. 4000 4.5% HBsAg Noorali et al. [7] 2008
  Southern Punjab ICT/ELISA 1821 5.9% HBsAg Mirza et al. [13] 2007
  Karachi ICT, ELISA and PCR. 3820 4.5% HBsAg & DNA Hakim et al. [8] 2008
  Islamabad AxSym HBsAg, CORE& AUSAB MEIA 1300 4% HBsAg, anti HBs, anti HBc Alam et al. [6] 2007
  Central Punjab ICT, ELISA 2038 4.83% HBsAg Alam et al. [14] 2006
  Rawalpindi ELISA 665 3% HBsAg Farooq et al. [15] 2005
  Lahore ICT 757 2.6% HBsAg Amin et al. [16] 2004
  Karachi ICT, ELISA 200 3% HBsAg Qasmi et al. [17] 2000
Recruitments Rural Areas of Pakistan ICT, ELISA 3320 4.5% HBsAg Azam et al. [18] 2009
  Interior Sindh ICT, ELISA 5237 7.39% HBsAg Malik et al. [19] 2008
  Recruits from all over Pakistan ICT, ELISA 2558 2.8% HBsAg Sherif & Tariq, [20] 2006
  Mardan ICT, ELISA 15550 3.24% HBsAg Mirza et al. [21] 2006
  All areas of Pakistan ICT, ELISA 4552 4.2% HBsAg Hussain et al. [22]2005
  All areas of Pakistan ICT, ELISA 5371 3.53% HBsAg Ali et al. [23] 2002
Prisoners Karachi ELISA 365 5.9% HBs Ag Kazi et al. [24] 2010
  Bahawalpur ICT, ELISA 2086 5.6% HBs Ag Fayyaz et al.[25] 2006
  1. ELISA: Enzume linked immunosorbant assay; HBsAg: hepatitis B surface antigen; ICT: Immuno-chromatographic Test, MEIA: Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay, HBsAg: hepatitis B surface antigen