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Table 1 RT–PCR positivity for HCoVs according to sample type and clinical presentation

From: Detection of human coronaviruses in simultaneously collected stool samples and nasopharyngeal swabs from hospitalized children with acute gastroenteritis

  HCoVs stool positive HCoVs stool negative HCoVs NP swab positive HCoVs NP swab negative Both stool and NP swab HCoVs positive
Patients 6/260 (2.3%, 95% CI 0.9–5.0%) 254/260 (97.7%, 95% CI 95-99%) 22/256 (8.6%, 95% CI 5.5–12.7%) 234/256 (91.4%, CI 87-95% ) 5/256 (1.9%, 95% CI 0.6-4.5%)
AGE only 2/6, (33%, 95% CI 4.3–78%) 98/254 (38.6%, 95% CI: 33-45% ) 9/22 (41%, 95% CI 21–64%) 87/234 (3.2%, CI 31-44%) 1/5, (20%. 95% CI 0.5–72%)
AGE + RTI 4/6 (66.7%, 95% CI 22–96%) 156/254 (61.4%, 95% CI: 55-67%) 13/22 (59%, 95% CI 36–79%) 147/234 (62.8%, 95 CI 56-69%) 4/5, (80%, 95% CI 28–99%)
Vomiting 6/6 (100%, 95% CI 54-100%) 201/254 (79.1%, 95% CI 74-84%) 15/22 (68.2%, 95% CI 45-86%) 188/234 (80.3%, 95% CI 75-85%) 5/5 (100%, 95% CI 48-100% )
Median duration of illness (days) 5.5 (range 4–16) 6 (range 1–18) 5 (range 1–16) 6 (range 1–18) 5 (range 4–16)
Median duration of hospitalization (days) 3 (range 2–6) 2 (range 1–11) 2.5 (range 1–6) 2 (range 1–11) 3 (range 2–6)
Controls 1/151 (0.7%, 95% CI 0–3.6%) 150/151 (99.3%, 95% CI 96.4-100%) 3/150 (1.9%, 95% CI 0.4–5.7%) 147/150 (98%, 95% CI 94.3-99.6%) 0
  1. Key: AGE, acute gastroenteritis; RTI, respiratory tract infection; NP, nasopharyngeal.