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  1. Content type: Research

    Measles (MEV) and mumps virus (MUV) are enveloped, non-segmented, negative single stranded RNA viruses of the family Paramyxoviridae, and are the cause of measles and mumps, respectively, both preventable by vacc...

    Authors: Dora Sviben, Dubravko Forcic, Beata Halassy, Günter Allmaier, Martina Marchetti-Deschmann and Marija Brgles

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:160

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  2. Content type: Research

    Abnormally increased immune activation is one of the main pathological features of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study aimed to determine whether long-term nonprogression (LTNP) suppresses th...

    Authors: Miaomiao Zhang, Zhuotao Fu, Jiantao Chen, Boqiang Zhu, Ye Cheng and Linchun Fu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:159

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  3. Content type: Research

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is endemic among population of young children in Thailand. The disease is mostly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16).

    Authors: Hatairat Lerdsamran, Jarunee Prasertsopon, Anek Mungaomklang, Chompunuch Klinmalai, Pirom Noisumdaeng, Kantima Sangsiriwut, Boonrat Tassaneetrithep, Ratigorn Guntapong, Sopon Iamsirithaworn and Pilaipan Puthavathana

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:158

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  4. Content type: Research

    Recent systems for Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1) viral load (VL) monitoring allow one-by-one analysis and fast turn-around-time for results. VL measurement on two rapid recently commercialized systems...

    Authors: Charlotte Pronier, Sarrah Boukthir, Laura Courtellemont, Gisèle Lagathu, Anne Maillard and Vincent Thibault

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:156

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  5. Content type: Short report

    Zika virus (ZIKV) became a global human health concern owing to its rapid spread worldwide and its association with congenital and neurological disorders. The current epidemiological profile of arboviruses in ...

    Authors: Lívia Sacchetto, Danielle Alves Gomes Zauli, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Sarah Anne J Guagliardo, Luige Biciati Alvim, Feliciana Lage de Oliveira Marinho, Jônatas Santos Abrahão, Giliane de Souza Trindade, Erna Geessien Kroon, Elvis Cristian Cueva Mateo and Betânia Paiva Drumond

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:155

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  6. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of article [1], ‘20 × 101 copies’, which is in the sentence ‘As seen in Fig. 4, the sensitivity of the specimens containing equal to or more than 20 × 101 copies in 2 μL of extracted D...

    Authors: Hitomi Kinoshita, Kazuo Nakamichi, Chang-Kweng Lim, Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito, Lixin Wang, Itoe Iizuka, Ichiro Kurane and Masayuki Saijo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:154

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    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2018 15:136

  7. Content type: Research

    Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause a wide range of diseases worldwide, including respiratory infections. Studies on HAdV molecular epidemiology are limited in Cameroon. The purpose of this study is to document t...

    Authors: Sebastien Kenmoe, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Jerôme Le Goff, Véronique Beng Penlap, Astrid Vabret and Richard Njouom

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:153

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  8. Content type: Research

    An HIV cure has not yet been achieved because latent viral reservoirs persist, particularly in resting CD4+ T lymphocytes. In vitro, it is difficult to infect resting CD4+ T cells with HIV-1, but infections readi...

    Authors: Meghan Schilthuis, Seth Verkaik, Mackenzie Walhof, Andrew Philipose, Olivia Harlow, Derrick Kamp, Bo Ram Kim and Anding Shen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:152

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  9. Content type: Research

    Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure has played a vital role in management of portal hypertension. Thus, we aimed to investigate the natural history, long-term clinical outcome, predi...

    Authors: Dengke Teng, Hao Zuo, Lin Liu, Jinghui Dong and Lei Ding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:151

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  10. Content type: Research

    Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 3 infection with advanced liver disease has emerged as a challenging to treat by direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the efficacy of DAAs in Chinese HCV-GT3 patie...

    Authors: Ya-Chao Tao, Rong Deng, Meng-Lan Wang, Duo-Duo Lv, Man Yuan, Yong-Hong Wang, En-Qiang Chen and Hong Tang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:150

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  11. Content type: Methodology

    Human adenoviruses are common causes of community-acquired respiratory tract and enteric infections. Severe disseminated infections with high mortality rates may be seen in immunocompromised individuals. An ac...

    Authors: Samson S. Y. Wong, Cyril C. Y. Yip, Siddharth Sridhar, Kit-Hang Leung, Andrew K. W. Cheng, Ami M. Y. Fung, Ho-Yin Lam, Kwok-Hung Chan, Jasper F. W. Chan, Vincent C. C. Cheng, Bone S. F. Tang and Kwok-Yung Yuen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:149

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  12. Content type: Methodology

    A serological method to simultaneously detect antibodies against infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is imperative for the differential diagnosis and evaluation of a...

    Authors: Huanan Wang, Feng Cong, Jianchi Guan, Li Xiao, Yujun Zhu, Yuexiao Lian, Ren Huang, Meili Chen and Pengju Guo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:146

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  13. Content type: Research

    Torquetenovirus (TTV) belongs to Anelloviridae family, infects nearly all people indefinitely without causing overt disease establishing a fine and successful interaction with the host. Increasing evidence have s...

    Authors: Francesco Martelli, Lisa Macera, Pietro Giorgio Spezia, Chiara Medici, Mauro Pistello, Daniele Guasti, Paolo Romagnoli, Fabrizio Maggi and Simone Giannecchini

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:145

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  14. Content type: Research

    We evaluated the frequency of naturally occurring resistance associated substitutions (RASs) and their characteristic of polymorphic or non-polymorphic amino acid change to direct acting antivirals (DAAs) in N...

    Authors: Sabrina Bagaglio, Caterina Uberti-Foppa, Alessandro Olgiati, Emanuela Messina, Hamid Hasson, Camilla Ferri and Giulia Morsica

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:144

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  15. Content type: Research

    Antiretrovirals have been available in Ghana since 2003 for HIV-1 positive pregnant women for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). Suboptimal responses to treatment observed post-PMTCT intervent...

    Authors: Alexander Martin-Odoom, Charles Addoquaye Brown, John Kofi Odoom, Evelyn Yayra Bonney, Nana Afia Asante Ntim, Elena Delgado, Margaret Lartey, Kwamena William Sagoe, Theophilus Adiku and William Kwabena Ampofo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:143

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  16. Content type: Research

    Tembusu virus is a newly emerging flavivirus that caused egg-drop syndrome in ducks in China. TMUV envelope protein is a major structural protein locates at the surface of tembusu virus particle. During tembus...

    Authors: Dongmin Zhao, Kaikai Han, Xinmei Huang, Lijiao Zhang, Huili Wang, Na Liu, Yujie Tian, Qingtao Liu, Jing Yang, Yuzhuo Liu and Yin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:142

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  17. Content type: Research

    The non-translated regions at the genome ends of RNA viruses serve diverse functions and can exhibit various levels of nucleotide (nt) heterogeneity. However, the extent of nt heterogeneity at the extreme term...

    Authors: Angel Y. S. Chen, Shizu Watanabe, Raymond Yokomi and James C. K. Ng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:141

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  18. Content type: Research

    Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV), a pathogenic flavivirus, emerged in China since 2010 and causing huge economic loss in the Chinese poultry industry. Although several vaccines have been reported to control DTMUV di...

    Authors: Jingyu Tang, Zhuangli Bi, Mingyang Ding, Dongdong Yin, Jie Zhu, Li Zhang, Qiuhong Miao, Yingqi Zhu, Guijun Wang and Guangqing Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:140

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  19. Content type: Research

    Tobacco curly shoot virus (TbCSV) is a monopartite begomovirus associated with betasatellite (Tobacco curly shoot betasatellite, TbCSB), which causes serious leaf curl disease on tomato and tobacco in China. It i...

    Authors: Ke Li, Gentu Wu, Mingjun Li, Mingge Ma, Jiang Du, Miao Sun, Xianchao Sun and Ling Qing

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:138

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  20. Content type: Correction

    Ad-HBV is a product (T101) aiming to treat chronic HBV firstly developed by Transgene S.A., France then by Transgene Tasly (Tianjin) Biopharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tianjin, China in China.

    Authors: Xuefeng Zhang, Jing Wang, Jing Lu, Rongrong Li and Shuli Zhao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:137

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    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2018 15:111

  21. Content type: Research

    JC polyomavirus (JCV) is the causative agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system in immunosuppressed patients. PML usually has a poor prog...

    Authors: Hitomi Kinoshita, Kazuo Nakamichi, Chang-Kweng Lim, Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito, Lixin Wang, Itoe Iizuka, Ichiro Kurane and Masayuki Saijo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:136

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2018 15:154

  22. Content type: Research

    Currently, no FDA-approved vaccines or treatments are available for Ebola virus disease (EVD), and therapy remains largely supportive. Ebola virus (EBOV) has broad tissue tropism and can infect a variety of ce...

    Authors: Manasi Tamhankar, Dawn M. Gerhardt, Richard S. Bennett, Nicole Murphy, Peter B. Jahrling and Jean L. Patterson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:135

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  23. Content type: Research

    Geminiviruses cause major losses to several economically important crops. Pedilanthus leaf curl virus (PeLCV) is a pathogenic geminivirus that appeared in the last decade and is continuously increasing its host r...

    Authors: Sara Shakir, Muhammad Shah Nawaz-ul-Rehman, Muhammad Mubin and Zulfiqar Ali

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:134

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  24. Content type: Research

    Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is emerging as a pathogenic coronavirus that causes a huge economic burden to the swine industry. Interaction of the viral spike (S) surface glycoprotein with the host ce...

    Authors: Lang Gong, Ying Lin, Jianru Qin, Qianniu Li, Chunyi Xue and Yongchang Cao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:133

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  25. Content type: Research

    Viral infection activates innate immune pathways and interferons (IFNs) play a pivotal role in the outcome of a viral infection. Ubiquitin modifications of host and viral proteins significantly influence the p...

    Authors: Tingting Feng, Lei Deng, Xiaochuan Lu, Wen Pan, Qihan Wu and Jianfeng Dai

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:132

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  26. Content type: Research

    Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne infection worldwide and a serious threat to global public health. Sporadic dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV-2) imported cases from Myanmar have been documented almost ever...

    Authors: Zhaoping Zeng, Jiandong Shi, Xiaofang Guo, Ling Mo, Ningzhu Hu, Jing Sun, Meini Wu, Hongning Zhou and Yunzhang Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:131

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  27. Content type: Research

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus within the family Togaviridae, which has attracted global attention due to its recent re-emergence. In one of our previous studies, we successfully i...

    Authors: Xiaomin Zhang, Yalan Huang, Miao Wang, Fan Yang, Chunli Wu, Dana Huang, Linghong Xiong, Chengsong Wan, Jinquan Cheng and Renli Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:130

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  28. Content type: Commentary

    Epidemiological studies have established human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as the central cause of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and its precursor lesions. HIV is associated with a higher prevalence and pe...

    Authors: Sonia Menon, Rodolfo Rossi, Mbabazi Kariisa and Steven Callens

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:129

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  29. Content type: Methodology

    Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has a viral aetiology and is caused by viruses belonging to the genus Ipomovirus (family Potyviridae), Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus ...

    Authors: Esperance Munganyinka, Paolo Margaria, Samar Sheat, Elijah M. Ateka, Fred Tairo, Joseph Ndunguru and Stephan Winter

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:128

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  30. Content type: Research

    Pear ring rot, caused by Botryosphaeria species, is responsible for substantial economic losses by causing severe recession of pear tree growth in China. Mycovirus-mediated hypovirulence in plant pathogenic fungi...

    Authors: Lihua Wang, Hui Luo, Wangcheng Hu, Yuekun Yang, Ni Hong, Guoping Wang, Aiming Wang and Liping Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:126

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  31. Content type: Research

    Bocaviruses have been reported to cause respiratory tract infection and gastroenteritis in most animal species. In cats, different genotype bocaviruses have been identified in USA, Japan, Hong Kong and Portuga...

    Authors: Shushuai Yi, Jiangting Niu, Hualei Wang, Guoying Dong, Yanli Zhao, Hao Dong, Yanbing Guo, Kai Wang and Guixue Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:125

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  32. Content type: Research

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are primarily known for their innate immune defense against invading microorganisms, including viruses. In addition, recent research has suggested their modulatory activity in imm...

    Authors: Ju Kim, Ye Lin Yang, Sun-Hee Jang and Yong-Suk Jang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:124

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  33. Content type: Research

    Pneumonia is a serious public health issue and is concerned around the world. This study is to investigate the association between viral load in children with human adenovirus (HAdV) pneumonia and disease seve...

    Authors: Leyun Xie, Bing Zhang, Jieying Zhou, Han Huang, Saizhen Zeng, Qin Liu, Zhiping Xie, Hanchun Gao, Zhaojun Duan and Lili Zhong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:123

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  34. Content type: Research

    Lokern virus (LOKV) is a poorly characterized arthropod-borne virus belonging to the genus Orthobunyavirus (family Peribunyaviridae). All viruses in this genus have tripartite, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA...

    Authors: Chandra S. Tangudu, Jermilia Charles and Bradley J. Blitvich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:122

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  35. Content type: Research

    Burkina Faso is a high endemicity country for HBV infection. However, there are few data on vaccine coverage against HBV. The aim of this study was to contribute to the improvement of HBV vaccine coverage in O...

    Authors: Birama Diarra, Albert Theophane Yonli, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Theodora Mahoukèdè Zohoncon, Lassina Traore, Christelle Nadembega, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Justine Yara, Virginio Pietra, Paul Ouedraogo, Alain Bougouma, Rokia Sanogo and Jacques Simpore

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:121

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  36. Content type: Research

    The results of our previous study showed that impaired cellular energy metabolism contributes to duck enteritis virus-induced autophagy via the 5`-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/tubero...

    Authors: Haichang Yin, Lili Zhao, Yiping Wang, Siqi Li, Hong Huo and Hongyan Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:120

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  37. Content type: Research

    The alphaherpesvirus virion host shutoff (vhs) gene, UL41, can induce degradation of host mRNAs and shut off host protein synthesis. The roles of vhs in HSV-1 and HSV-2 have been studied extensively in previou...

    Authors: Chao Ye, Jing Chen, Tao Wang, Jingjing Xu, Hao Zheng, Jiqiang Wu, Guoxin Li, Zhiqing Yu, Wu Tong, Xuefei Cheng, Shasha Zhou and Guangzhi Tong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:119

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  38. Content type: Research

    Canine distemper (CD) is a highly contagious, systemic, viral disease of dogs seen worldwide. Despite intensive vaccination in developed countries, recent reports suggest both the re-emergence and increased ac...

    Authors: Eman Anis, Teresa K. Newell, Neil Dyer and Rebecca P. Wilkes

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:118

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  39. Content type: Research

    Previous work indicated that an ultrashort pulse (USP) 425 nm laser is capable of inactivating murine norovirus (MNV: Virol. J. 11:20), perhaps via an impulsive stimulated Raman scattering (ISRS) mechanism, an...

    Authors: David Kingsley, Robinson Kuis, Rafael Perez, Isaac Basaldua, Paul Burkins, Aristides Marcano and Anthony Johnson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:117

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  40. Content type: Research

    Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major causative agents of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), which is sometimes associated with severe central nervous system disease in children. There is currently no s...

    Authors: Chenguang Yao, Caili Xi, Kanghong Hu, Wa Gao, Xiaofeng Cai, Jinlan Qin, Shiyun Lv, Canghao Du and Yanhong Wei

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:116

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  41. Content type: Research

    Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) causes significant economic losses worldwide in the cattle industry through decrease in productive performance and immunosuppression of animals in herds. Recent studies condu...

    Authors: Kyung-Hyun Lee, Du-Gyeong Han, Suhee Kim, Eun-Jin Choi and Kyoung-Seong Choi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:115

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  42. Content type: Research

    Reovirus type-3 infections cause severe pathologies in young mice and thus influence animal experiments in many ways. Therefore, the Federation of Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA) recommends an ...

    Authors: Felix Fingas, Daniela Volke, Petra Bielefeldt, Rayk Hassert and Ralf Hoffmann

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:114

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  43. Content type: Research

    Dengue virus (DENV) infection caused by international visitors has become a public health concern in China. Although sporadic imported cases of DENV have been documented in Yunnan, China since 2000, a complete...

    Authors: Ling Mo, Jiandong Shi, Xiaofang Guo, Zhaoping Zeng, Ningzhu Hu, Jing Sun, Meini Wu, Hongning Zhou and Yunzhang Hu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:113

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  44. Content type: Methodology

    Chikungunya (CHIKV) virus is an important mosquito-borne virus causing outbreaks of acute febrile illness with arthropathy. The detection of specific antibodies against CHIKV is used for diagnosis after the ac...

    Authors: Marcílio Jorge Fumagalli, William Marciel de Souza, Danillo Lucas Alves Espósito, Angélica Silva, Marilia Farignoli Romeiro, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, Benedito Antônio Lopes da Fonseca and Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:112

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  45. Content type: Research

    A new promising therapeutic approach has emerged for patients chronically infected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) with the development of a non-replicative adenovirus vector vaccine candidate (Ad-HBV). The vac...

    Authors: Xuefeng Zhang, Jing Wang, Jing Lu, Rongrong Li and Shuli Zhao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:111

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2018 15:137

  46. Content type: Research

    Echoviruses, a serotype of enteroviruses, infect millions of people globally and there is no specific drug treatment or vaccine available for its management. The screening of medicinal plants used locally for ...

    Authors: Omonike O. Ogbole, Toluwanimi E. Akinleye, Peter A. Segun, Temitope C. Faleye and Adekunle J. Adeniji

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:110

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