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  1. Plant viral diseases present major constraints to crop production. Effective sampling of the viruses infecting plants is required to facilitate their molecular study and is essential for the development of cro...

    Authors: Joseph Ndunguru, Nigel J Taylor, Jitender Yadav, Haytham Aly, James P Legg, Terry Aveling, Graham Thompson and Claude M Fauquet

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:45

    Content type: Methodology

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  2. Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus (CCHFV), a member of the genus Nairovirus, family Bunyaviridae, is a tick-borne pathogen causing severe disease in humans. To better understand the CCHFV life cycle and explo...

    Authors: Sebastian Haferkamp, Lisa Fernando, Tino F Schwarz, Heinz Feldmann and Ramon Flick

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:42

    Content type: Research

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  3. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) circulates as quasispecies (QS), whose evolution is associated with pathogenesis. Previous studies have suggested that the use of thermostable polymerases without proofreading function ...

    Authors: Stephen J Polyak, Daniel G Sullivan, Michael A Austin, James Y Dai, Margaret C Shuhart, Karen L Lindsay, Herbert L Bonkovsky, Adrian M Di Bisceglie, William M Lee, Chihiro Morishima and David R Gretch

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:41

    Content type: Research

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  4. Undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinomas are rare in a majority of countries but they occur at a high incidence in South China and to a lesser extent in North Africa. They are constantly associated with the ...

    Authors: Abdelmajid Khabir, Hela Karray, Sandrine Rodriguez, Mathieu Rosé, Jamel Daoud, Mounir Frikha, Tahia Boudawara, Jaap Middeldorp, Rachid Jlidi and Pierre Busson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:39

    Content type: Research

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  5. Infection by human hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the principal cause of post-transfusion hepatitis and chronic liver diseases worldwide. A reliable in vitro culture system for the isolation and analysis of this viru...

    Authors: Dennis Revie, Ravi S Braich, David Bayles, Nickolas Chelyapov, Rafat Khan, Cheryl Geer, Richard Reisman, Ann S Kelley, John G Prichard and S Zaki Salahuddin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:37

    Content type: Research

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  6. Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a pararetrovirus, and a member of the family Caulimoviridae in the genus Badnavirus. RTBV has a long open reading frame that encodes a large polyprotein (P3). Pararetroviru...

    Authors: Philippe Marmey, Ana Rojas-Mendoza, Alexandre de Kochko, Roger N Beachy and Claude M Fauquet

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:33

    Content type: Research

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  7. Avian metapneumoviruses (aMPV) cause an upper respiratory disease with low mortality, but high morbidity primarily in commercial turkeys. There are three types of aMPV (A, B, C) of which the C type is found on...

    Authors: Rene Alvarez and Bruce S Seal

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:31

    Content type: Research

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  8. Poxviruses are important both as pathogens and as vaccine vectors. Poxvirus genomes (150–350 kb) consist of a single linear dsDNA molecule; the two polynucleotide strands are joined by short hairpin loops. The...

    Authors: Melissa Da Silva and Chris Upton

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:30

    Content type: Research

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  9. Although PCR and RT-PCR provided a valuable approach for detection of pathogens, the high level of sensitivity of these assays also makes them prone to false positive results. In addition to cross-contaminatio...

    Authors: Steven B Kleiboeker

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:29

    Content type: Methodology

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  10. We report the presence of three new O1 ElTor vibriophages named AS1, AS2 and AS3, isolated from the sewage and pond waters of the outskirts of Kolkata. A few phages, named AS4, with hexagonal heads and abnorma...

    Authors: Anindito Sen and Amar N Ghosh

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:28

    Content type: Research

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  11. Phage N5 is one of the phages of Vibrio cholerae serovar O1 biotype El Tor (Ghosh, A. N., Ansari, M. Q., and Dutta, G. C. Isolation and morphological characterization of El Tor cholera phages. J. Gen. Virol. 70: ...

    Authors: Anindito Sen and Amar N Ghosh

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:27

    Content type: Research

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  12. Early interaction of dengue virus and monocyte/macrophages could be an important feature for virus dissemination after its initial entry via the mosquito vector. Since ultrastructural analysis of this interact...

    Authors: Jesus A Mosquera, Juan Pablo Hernandez, Nereida Valero, Luz Marina Espina and German J Añez

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  13. Rotavirus genotyping is performed by using reverse transcription PCR with type-specific-primers. Because the high rotavirus mutation rate generates an extensive genomic variation, different G-type-specific pri...

    Authors: Mustafizur Rahman, Rasheda Sultana, Goutam Podder, Abu SG Faruque, Jelle Matthijnssens, Khalequz Zaman, Robert F Breiman, David A Sack, Marc Van Ranst and Tasnim Azim

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:24

    Content type: Research

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  14. Replication of the vaccinia virus genome occurs in cytoplasmic factory areas and is dependent on the virus-encoded DNA polymerase and at least four additional viral proteins. DNA synthesis appears to start nea...

    Authors: Frank S De Silva and Bernard Moss

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:23

    Content type: Research

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  15. Poxviruses encode a range of immunomodulatory genes to subvert or evade the challenges posed by the innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the inactivated poxviruses possessed immunostimulating capacit...

    Authors: Abdel-Aziz S Abu-EL-Saad and Ahmed S Abdel-Moneim

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:22

    Content type: Research

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  16. Cassava is infected by numerous geminiviruses in Africa and India that cause devastating losses to poor farmers. We here describe the molecular diversity of seven representative cassava mosaic geminiviruses (C...

    Authors: J Ndunguru, JP Legg, TAS Aveling, G Thompson and CM Fauquet

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:21

    Content type: Research

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  17. Amino acid sequence analyses indicate that the Soilborne wheat mosaic virus (SBWMV) 19K protein is a cysteine-rich protein (CRP) and shares sequence homology with CRPs derived from furo-, hordei-, peclu- and tobr...

    Authors: Jeannie Te, Ulrich Melcher, Amanda Howard and Jeanmarie Verchot-Lubicz

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  18. The interferon (IFN)-induced, dsRNA-dependent serine/threonine protein kinase, PKR, plays a key regulatory role in the IFN-mediated anti-viral response by blocking translation in the infected cell by phosphory...

    Authors: Liliana Endo-Munoz, Tammra Warby, David Harrich and Nigel A J McMillan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  19. We examined the association and interaction between maternal viral load and antibodies in vertical transmission of HIV in a non-randomized prospective study of 43 HIV-1 infected pregnant women who attended the...

    Authors: Paul Kamara, Loyda Melendez-Guerrero, Miguel Arroyo, Heidi Weiss and Pauline Jolly

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:15

    Content type: Research

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  20. Recent studies have shown that gamma interferon (IFN-γ) synergizes with the innate IFNs (IFN-α and IFN-β) to inhibit herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) replication in vitro. To determine whether this phenomenon ...

    Authors: Bruno Sainz Jr, Heather L LaMarca, Robert F Garry and Cindy A Morris

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  21. Human sapovirus (SaV), an agent of human gastroenteritis, cannot be grown in cell culture, but expression of the recombinant capsid protein (rVP1) in a baculovirus expression system results in the formation of...

    Authors: Grant S Hansman, Kazuhiko Katayama, Tomoichiro Oka, Katsuro Natori and Naokazu Takeda

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  22. Tula hantavirus carrying recombinant S RNA segment (recTULV) grew in a cell culture to the same titers as the original cell adapted variant but presented no real match to the parental virus. Our data showed th...

    Authors: Angelina Plyusnina and Alexander Plyusnin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:12

    Content type: Research

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  23. Oral infection of infant macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) is a useful animal model to test interventions to reduce postnatal HIV transmission via breast-feeding. We previously demonstrated tha...

    Authors: Jennifer L Greenier, Koen KA Van Rompay, David Montefiori, Patricia Earl, Bernard Moss and Marta L Marthas

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:11

    Content type: Research

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  24. Immunor (IM28), an analog of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), inhibits human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) by inhibiting reverse transcriptase. We assessed the ability of IM28 to inhibit the cell-cell fu...

    Authors: Donatien Mavoungou, Virginie Poaty-Mavoungou, Marie-Yvonne Akoume, Brice Ongali and Elie Mavoungou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:9

    Content type: Research

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  25. Inteins are "protein introns" that remove themselves from their host proteins through an autocatalytic protein-splicing. After their discovery, inteins have been quickly identified in all domains of life, but ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Ogata, Didier Raoult and Jean-Michel Claverie

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  26. Ten potential reference genes were compared for their use in experiments investigating cellular mRNA expression of virus infected cells. Human cell lines were infected with Cytomegalovirus, Human Herpesvirus-6...

    Authors: Aleksandar Radonić, Stefanie Thulke, Hi-Gung Bae, Marcel A Müller, Wolfgang Siegert and Andreas Nitsche

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:7

    Content type: Research

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  27. The enteric subgroup F adenoviruses type 40 (Ad40) and 41 (Ad41) are the second most important cause of acute infantile gastroenteritis after rotaviruses. Repeated community outbreaks have been associated with...

    Authors: Kalina T Zlateva, Piet Maes, Mustafizur Rahman and Marc Van Ranst

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  28. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes bronchiolitis in infants and children, which can be fatal, especially in immunocompromised patients. The BALB/c mouse, currently used as a model for studying ...

    Authors: Xiaoyuan Kong, Gary R Hellermann, Geoff Patton, Mukesh Kumar, Aruna Behera, Timothy S Randall, Jian Zhang, Richard F Lockey and Shyam S Mohapatra

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:3

    Content type: Research

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  29. Two distinct lineages of rhadinoviruses related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) have been identified in macaques and other Old World non-human primates. We have developed a real-time qua...

    Authors: A Gregory Bruce, Angela M Bakke, Margaret E Thouless and Timothy M Rose

    Citation: Virology Journal 2005 2:2

    Content type: Methodology

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  30. Hz-2V infection of female Helicoverpa zea moths is manifested as insects that are either sterile "agonadal" individuals with malformed reproductive tissues or fertile asymptomatic carriers which are capable of tr...

    Authors: John P Burand and Christopher P Rallis

    Citation: Virology Journal 2004 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  31. Genetic variability in viral populations is usually estimated by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based methods in which the relative abundance of each amplicon is assumed to be proportional to the fre...

    Authors: Maria Alma Bracho, Inmaculada García-Robles, Nuria Jiménez, Manuela Torres-Puente, Andrés Moya and Fernando González-Candelas

    Citation: Virology Journal 2004 1:13

    Content type: Methodology

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  32. Genital herpes (GH) is a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI) that causes significant morbidity and is also the major source of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in cases of neonatal herpes. Vaccination is ...

    Authors: Jianmin Chen, Sanat K Davé and Anthony Simmons

    Citation: Virology Journal 2004 1:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on: