Skip to main content

Articles

Page 69 of 76

  1. The Balkan region and Kosovo in particular, is a well-known Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) endemic region, with frequent epidemic outbreaks and sporadic cases occurring with a hospitalized case fatalit...

    Authors: Darja Duh, Stuart T Nichol, Marina L Khristova, Ana Saksida, Iva Hafner-Bratkovič, Miroslav Petrovec, Iusuf Dedushaj, Salih Ahmeti and Tatjana Avšič-Županc

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:7

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  2. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family, can serve as a co-receptor along with CD4 for entry into the cell of T-cell tropic X4 human immunodeficiency virus...

    Authors: Bongkun Choi, Paul J Gatti, Cesar D Fermin, Sandor Vigh, Allyson M Haislip and Robert F Garry

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Hantavirus genome sequences were recovered from tissue samples of Myodes rufocanus, Microtus fortis and Microtus oeconomus captured in the Baikal area of Buryatia, Russian Federation. Genetic analysis of S- and M...

    Authors: Angelina Plyusnina, Juha Laakkonen, Jukka Niemimaa, Kirill Nemirov, Galina Muruyeva, Boshikto Pohodiev, Åke Lundkvist, Antti Vaheri, Heikki Henttonen, Olli Vapalahti and Alexander Plyusnin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. The competitiveness of two Tula hantavirus (TULV) isolates, TULV/Lodz and TULV/Moravia, was evaluated in interferon (IFN) -competent and IFN-deficient cells. The two isolates differ in the length of the open r...

    Authors: Kirsi M Jääskeläinen, Angelina Plyusnina, Åke Lundkvist, Antti Vaheri and Alexander Plyusnin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. The initiation of transcription and replication of influenza A virus requires the 5' and 3' ends of vRNA. Here, the role of segment-specific non-coding sequences of influenza A virus on viral RNA synthesis was...

    Authors: Stella SF Ng, Olive TW Li, Timothy KW Cheung, J S Malik Peiris and Leo LM Poon

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:2

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  6. Co-circulation of multiple dengue virus serotypes has been reported from many parts of the world including India, however concurrent infection with more than one serotype of dengue viruses in the same individu...

    Authors: Preeti Bharaj, Harendra S Chahar, Anubhav Pandey, Kavita Diddi, Lalit Dar, Randeep Guleria, Sushil K Kabra and Shobha Broor

    Citation: Virology Journal 2008 5:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. The many Hepadnaviridae sequences available have widely varied functional annotation. The genomes are very compact (~3.2 kb) but contain multiple layers of functional regulatory elements in addition to coding reg...

    Authors: Nattanan Panjaworayan, Stephan K Roessner, Andrew E Firth and Chris M Brown

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:136

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  8. Transfusion Transmitted virus (TTV) is a novel single-stranded DNA virus that was identified in patients with post-transfusion hepatitis of non-A-G type. Clinical significance of TTV infection was analyzed in ...

    Authors: Mohamed M Hafez, Sabry M Shaarawy, Amr A Hassan, Rabab F Salim, Fatma M Abd El Salam and Amal E Ali

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:135

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Influenza viruses replicate within the nucleus of infected cells. Viral genomic RNA, three polymerase subunits (PB2, PB1, and PA), and the nucleoprotein (NP) form ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs) that are ex...

    Authors: Henju Marjuki, Hui-Ling Yen, John Franks, Robert G Webster, Stephan Pleschka and Erich Hoffmann

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:134

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be acquired sexually and is shed from the genital tract. Cross-sectional studies in women show that changes in genital tract microbial flora affect HCMV infection and/or sheddi...

    Authors: Sailesh C Harwani, Nell S Lurain, M Reza Zariffard and Gregory T Spear

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:133

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Lytic bacteriophage 0305φ8-36 forms visually observed aggregates during plaque formation. Aggregates intrinsically lower propagation potential. In the present study, the following observations indicate that lo...

    Authors: Philip Serwer, Shirley J Hayes and Karen Lieman

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:131

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  12. The choice of an appropriate housekeeping gene for normalisation purposes has now become an essential requirement when designing QPCR experiments. This is of particular importance when using QPCR to measure vi...

    Authors: Sarah Watson, Sarah Mercier, Chris Bye, John Wilkinson, Anthony L Cunningham and Andrew N Harman

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:130

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  13. Genotyping of HBV is generally used for determining the epidemiological relationship between various virus strains and origin of infection mostly in research studies. The utility of genotyping for clinical app...

    Authors: Saeeda Baig, Anwar Ali Siddiqui, Waqaruddin Ahmed, Huma Qureshi and Ambreen Arif

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Papillomaviruses (PVs) are double-stranded DNA viruses that infect keratinocytes in differentiating epithelia and induce hyperproliferative lesions. Here, we used methylcellulose to induce cell differentiation...

    Authors: Xiao Wang, Bo Li and Kong-Nan Zhao

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:127

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  15. Several subtypes of HIV-1 circulate in infected people worldwide, including subtype B in the United States and subtype C in Africa and India. To understand the biological properties of HIV-1 subtype C, includi...

    Authors: Vasudha Sundaravaradan, Suman R Das, Rajesh Ramakrishnan, Shobha Sehgal, Sarla Gopalan, Nafees Ahmad and Shahid Jameel

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:126

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is the prototype representative of the pestivirus genus in the Flaviviridae family. It has been shown that the initiation of translation of BVDV RNA occurs by an internal riboso...

    Authors: Lorin Moes and Manfred Wirth

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Mechanisms by which HIV-1 mediates reductions in CD4+ cell levels in infected persons are being intensely investigated, and have broad implications for AIDS drug and vaccine development. Virally induced change...

    Authors: Joshua M Costin, Joshua M Rausch, Robert F Garry and William C Wimley

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:123

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. According to the World Reference Laboratory for FMD, a new subtype of FMDV serotype A was detected in Iran in 2005. This subtype was designated A/IRN/2005, and rapidly spread throughout Iran and moved westward...

    Authors: Joern Klein, Manzoor Hussain, Munir Ahmad, Preben Normann, Muhammad Afzal and Soren Alexandersen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. The HSV-1 UL20 protein (UL20p) and glycoprotein K (gK) are both important determinants of cytoplasmic virion morphogenesis and virus-induced cell fusion. In this manuscript, we examined the effect of UL20 muta...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Melancon, Preston A Fulmer and Konstantin G Kousoulas

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. This is a retraction of the article submitted by Zhang et al. Virology J 2007, 4:92

    Authors: Qingrun Zhang, Guanghua Wu, Elliott Richards, Shan'gang Jia and Changqing Zeng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:119

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Virology Journal 2007 4:92

  21. The M2 ectodomain (M2e) of influenza A virus (IAV) strains that have circulated in humans during the past 90 years shows remarkably little structural diversity. Since M2e-specific antibodies (Abs) are capable ...

    Authors: Krystyna Mozdzanowska, Darya Zharikova, Mare Cudic, Laszlo Otvos and Walter Gerhard

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. HBV remains one of the major pathogens of liver diseases but the outcomes as inflammation, cirrhosis and cancer of the liver are greatly related to different viral genotypes. The aim of this study was to asses...

    Authors: Yi Wei Lu, Tuan Lin Tan, Jianhua Zhang and Wei Ning Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:117

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  23. The human papillomavirus type 16 E5 protein (HPV16 E5) down-regulates surface expression of HLA-I molecules. The molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are so far unknown. Here we show that HPV16 E5 down-...

    Authors: Myriam Gruener, Ignacio G Bravo, Frank Momburg, Angel Alonso and Pascal Tomakidi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:116

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The yellow fever virus, a member of the genus Flavivirus, is an arthropod-borne pathogen causing severe disease in humans. The attenuated yellow fever 17D virus strain has been used for human vaccination for 70 y...

    Authors: Myrna C Bonaldo, Samanta M Mello, Gisela F Trindade, Aymara A Rangel, Adriana S Duarte, Prisciliana J Oliveira, Marcos S Freire, Claire F Kubelka and Ricardo Galler

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:115

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  25. More than 20 years ago, hantaviral antigens were reported in tissues of the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus), Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens) and common mole (Talpa europea), suggesting that insectivor...

    Authors: Jin-Won Song, Se Hun Gu, Shannon N Bennett, Satoru Arai, Maria Puorger, Monika Hilbe and Richard Yanagihara

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:114

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  26. A DNA mirror repeat is a sequence segment delimited on the basis of its containing a center of symmetry on a single strand, e.g. 5'-GCATGGTACG-3'. It is most frequently described in association with a function...

    Authors: Dorothy M Lang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:113

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. A human papillomavirus (HPV) virion is composed of capsid proteins L1 and L2. Several cysteine residues are located on L1 of various HPVs at markedly similar relative positions, suggesting their important func...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Ishii, Kazunari Kondo, Tamae Matsumoto, Keiko Tanaka, Fumiko Shinkai-Ouchi, Ken'ichi Hagiwara and Tadahito Kanda

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Motavizumab (MEDI-524) is a monoclonal antibody with enhanced neutralizing activity against RSV. In mice, motavizumab suppressed RSV replication which resulted in significant reduction of clinical parameters o...

    Authors: Asunción Mejías, Susana Chávez-Bueno, Martin B Raynor, John Connolly, Peter A Kiener, Hasan S Jafri and Octavio Ramilo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:109

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  29. The filoviruses, Ebola (EBOV) and Marburg (MARV), cause a lethal hemorrhagic fever. Human isolates of MARV are not lethal to immmunocompetent adult mice and, to date, there are no reports of a mouse-adapted MA...

    Authors: Kelly L Warfield, Derron A Alves, Steven B Bradfute, Daniel K Reed, Sean VanTongeren, Warren V Kalina, Gene G Olinger and Sina Bavari

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:108

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Here we investigated the nature and functional consequences of mutations in the HIV-1 tat gene within an epidemiologically-linked AIDS transmission cohort consisting of a non-progressing donor (A) and two normal ...

    Authors: Haran Sivakumaran, Bin Wang, M John Gill, Brenda Beckholdt, Nitin K Saksena and David Harrich

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:107

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  31. We have developed a system that isolates and replicates HCV in vitro. These isolates are called CIMM-HCV. This system has made it possible to analyze the biology, nature, and extent of HCV variability, among othe...

    Authors: S Zaki Salahuddin, Katherine A Snyder, Andre Godwin, Renu Grewal, John G Prichard, Ann S Kelley and Dennis Revie

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The nucleoprotein (NP) of Marburg virus (MARV) is responsible for the encapsidation of viral genomic RNA and the formation of the helical nucleocapsid precursors that accumulate in intracellular inclusions in ...

    Authors: Andrea DiCarlo, Peggy Möller, Angelika Lander, Larissa Kolesnikova and Stephan Becker

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. The epidemiology of viral hepatitis during pregnancy is essential for health planners and programme managers. While much data exist concerning viral hepatitis during pregnancy in many African countries, no pro...

    Authors: Rasha M Elsheikh, Ahmed A Daak, Mohamed A Elsheikh, Mubarak S Karsany and Ishag Adam

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) has been widely explored as a gene delivery vector for a variety of diseases. Many target cells, however, express low levels of Ad5 native receptor, the Coxsackie-Adenovirus R...

    Authors: Tie Han, Yizhe Tang, Hideyo Ugai, Leslie E Perry, Gene P Siegal, Juan L Contreras and Hongju Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Viruses that are incorporating host cell proteins might trigger autoimmune diseases. It is therefore of interest to identify possible host proteins associated with viruses, especially for enveloped viruses tha...

    Authors: Maria Hammarstedt, Jenny Ahlqvist, Steven Jacobson, Henrik Garoff and Anna Fogdell-Hahn

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has been intensely investigated since its discovery in 1983 as the cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). With relatively few proteins made by the ...

    Authors: Joshua M Costin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:100

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. The adeno-associated virus (AAV) has rapidly gained popularity in gene therapy since the establishment of the first AAV2 infectious clone, in 1982, due to some of their distinguishing characteristics such as l...

    Authors: Renata dosSantos Coura and Nance Beyer Nardi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:99

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2010 7:12

  38. Genotype 4 hepatitis E virus (HEV) was reportedly transmitted freely between humans and swine in eastern China. The full-length genomic sequence of Shanghai swine isolate (SH-SW-zs1) recovered from feces sampl...

    Authors: Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Xiangrong Cao, Jing Mou, Li Cui and Xiuguo Hua

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The recently sequenced 218 kb genome of morphologically atypical Bacillus thuringiensis phage 0305φ8-36 exhibited only limited detectable homology to known bacteriophages. The only known relative of this phage is...

    Authors: Stephen C Hardies, Julie A Thomas and Philip Serwer

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease (RHD) is a severe acute viral disease specifically affecting the European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus. As the European rabbit is the predominant species of domestic rabbit throughout t...

    Authors: Michael T McIntosh, Shawn C Behan, Fawzi M Mohamed, Zhiqiang Lu, Karen E Moran, Thomas G Burrage, John G Neilan, Gordon B Ward, Giuliana Botti, Lorenzo Capucci and Samia A Metwally

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:96

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Natural multiple viral infections of cultivated cowpeas have been reported in Nigeria. In this study, three Nigerian commercial cowpea cultivars ("Olo 11", "Oloyin" and "White") and two lines from the IITA (IT...

    Authors: Moni A Taiwo, Kehinde T Kareem, Imade Y Nsa and Jackies D'A Hughes

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Myxoma virus (MYXV), a leporide-specific poxvirus, represents an attractive candidate for the generation of safe, non-replicative vaccine vector for non-host species. However, there is very little information ...

    Authors: Béatrice Pignolet, Jean-Luc Duteyrat, Aude Allemandou, Jacqueline Gelfi, Gilles Foucras and Stéphane Bertagnoli

    Citation: Virology Journal 2007 4:94

    Content type: Short report

    Published on: