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Veterinary RNA viruses

Section Editor: Siba Samal, University of Maryland, USA

The Veterinary RNA viruses section of Virology Journal covers research on RNA viruses of non-human animals, including food, companion, and wild animal species. Both reviews and original research papers on viral structure, function and genetics will be considered as well as articles focusing on viral pathogenesis, virus-host interactions, vaccines, and antiviral therapeutics.

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  1. Virus-like particle (VLP) technology is considered one of the most promising approaches in animal vaccines, due to the intrinsic immunogenic properties as well as high safety profile of VLPs. In this study, we...

    Authors: Hyun-Jeong Lee, Ji-Ye Kim, Soo-jeong Kye, Hee-Jung Seul, Suk-Chan Jung and Kang-Seuk Choi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:177

    Content type: Research

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  2. A novel reassortant avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus was found to infect three Chinese residents, the first H7N9 infection in humans in Asia. Chest computed tomography (CT) for acute respiratory distress ...

    Authors: Yu-kun Zhang, Jian Li, Jian-ping Yang, Ying Zhan and Jun Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:176

    Content type: Research

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  3. Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) is an important pathogen that causes diseases in many species of fish in marine aquaculture. The larvae and juveniles are more easily infected by RGNNV and th...

    Authors: Zi Dan Su, Cheng Yin Shi, Jie Huang, Gui Ming Shen, Jin Li, Sheng Qiang Wang and Chao Fan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:149

    Content type: Research

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  4. In mammals, interleukin 2 (IL-2) has been shown to decrease replication or attenuate pathogenicity of numerous viral pathogens (herpes simplex virus, vaccinia virus, human respiratory syncytial virus, human im...

    Authors: Leonardo Susta, Diego G. Diel, Sean Courtney, Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Roy S. Sundick, Patti J. Miller, Corrie C. Brown and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:122

    Content type: Research

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  5. Newcastle disease (ND) is a devastating worldwide disease of poultry characterized by increased respiration, circulatory disturbances, hemorrhagic enteritis, and nervous signs. Sequence analysis shows several ...

    Authors: Jing-Yu Wang, Wan-Hua Liu, Juan-Juan Ren, Pan Tang, Ning Wu, Hung-Yi Wu, Ching-Dong Ching and Hung-Jen Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:119

    Content type: Research

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  6. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a major pathogen of commercial poultry flocks, circulates in the form of several serotypes/genotypes. Only a few amino-acid changes in the S1 subunit of wild-type IBVS protei...

    Authors: Siham Fellahi, Mehdi EL Harrak, Mariette Ducatez, Chafiqa Loutfi, Saad Ibn Souda Koraichi, Jens H. Kuhn, Slimane Khayi, Mohammed EL Houadfi and My Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:116

    Content type: Research

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  7. H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) becomes the focus for its ability of transmission to mammals and as a donor to provide internal genes to form the new epidemic lethal influenza viruses. Residue 627 in PB2 has ...

    Authors: Meng Yu, Kaizhao Zhang, Wenbao Qi, Zhiqiang Huang, Jinhui Ye, Yongjiang Ma, Ming Liao and Zhangyong Ning

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:229

    Content type: Research

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  8. The current vaccines failed to provide substantial protection against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) and the new vaccine development faces great challenges. Sialoadhesin (Sn) and CD163 ar...

    Authors: Li Zhu, Hongqin Song, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoli Xia and Huaichang Sun

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:225

    Content type: Research

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  9. Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) is a serious disease of marine farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. caused by ISA virus (ISAV). ISAV genomic segments 5 and 6 encode surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin-esterase (...

    Authors: Marcos G Godoy, Rudy Suarez, Eduardo S Lazo, Katerina O Llegues, Molly JT Kibenge, Yingwei Wang and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:204

    Content type: Research

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  10. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) continues to be an important problem for the swine industry. Inactivated vaccines and modified-live virus vaccines are widely used in the field; howe...

    Authors: Lingxue Yu, Yanjun Zhou, Yifeng Jiang, Wu Tong, Shen Yang, Fei Gao, Kang Wang, Liwei Li, Tianqi Xia, Qun Cheng and Guangzhi Tong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:201

    Content type: Research

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  11. Cell culture adaptation of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) was shown to be mainly associated with the VP2 capsid protein residues 253, 279, and 284. The single mutation A284T proved crit...

    Authors: Nawel Ben Abdeljelil, Neila Khabouchi, Selma Kassar, Khaled Miled, Samir Boubaker, Abdeljelil Ghram and Helmi Mardassi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:199

    Content type: Research

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  12. Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is the causative agent of grass carp hemorrhage and causes significant loss of fingerlings. However, little is known about how the virus is distributed in organs and tissues. The aim...

    Authors: Hong-Ru Liang, Yong-Gang Li, Wei-Wei Zeng, Ying-Ying Wang, Qing Wang and Shu-Qin Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:178

    Content type: Research

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  13. Newcastle disease is still a serious disease of poultry especially in backyard free-range production systems despite the availability of cross protective vaccines. Healthy-looking poultry from live bird market...

    Authors: Denis K Byarugaba, Kizito K Mugimba, John B Omony, Martin Okitwi, Agnes Wanyana, Maxwell O Otim, Halid Kirunda, Jessica L Nakavuma, Angélique Teillaud, Mathilde C Paul and Mariette F Ducatez

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:173

    Content type: Research

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  14. Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) can infect a variety of animal species and humans. Although the EMCV infection is known to induce autophagy to promote its replication in host cells, the viral proteins that a...

    Authors: Lei Hou, Xinna Ge, Lingxiang Xin, Lei Zhou, Xin Guo and Hanchun Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:156

    Content type: Research

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  15. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important infectious agents for the swine industry worldwide. Zinc (Zn) salts, which are widely used as a dietary supplement in sw...

    Authors: Weidong Chai, Zhenya Wang, Pawel Janczyk, Sven Twardziok, Ulrike Blohm, Nikolaus Osterrieder and Michael Burwinkel

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:140

    Content type: Short report

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  16. Batai virus (BATV) is a member of the Orthobunyavirus genus of the family Bunyaviridae, and a vector-borne pathogen. Genomic variations of BATV exist in different regions of the world, due to genetic reassortment...

    Authors: Hao Liu, Xi-qun Shao, Bo Hu, Jian-jun Zhao, Lei Zhang, Hai-ling Zhang, Xue Bai, Run-xiang Zhang, Deng-yun Niu, Yan-gang Sun and Xi-jun Yan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:138

    Content type: Research

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  17. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has severe implications for animal farming which leads to considerable financial losses because of its rapid spread, high morbidity and loss of productivity. For these reasons, the...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Wanhong Xu, Melissa Goolia and Zhidong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:136

    Content type: Research

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  18. Classical swine fever (CSF) is one of the most important viral diseases of pigs. Clinical signs may vary from almost inapparent infection to a hemorrhagic fever like illness. Among the host factors leading to ...

    Authors: Anja Petrov, Ulrike Blohm, Martin Beer, Jana Pietschmann and Sandra Blome

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:134

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Some cell-adapted strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) can utilize heparan sulfate (HS) as a receptor to facilitate viral infection in cultured cells. A number of independent sites on the capsid that...

    Authors: Xingwen Bai, Huifang Bao, Pinghua Li, Wei Wei, Meng Zhang, Pu Sun, Yimei Cao, Zengjun Lu, Yuanfang Fu, Baoxia Xie, Yingli Chen, Dong Li, Jianxun Luo and Zaixin Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:132

    Content type: Research

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  20. Only one strain (the Czech CAPM-v351) of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) has been released in Australia and New Zealand to control pest populations of the European rabbit O. cuniculus. Antigenic variants...

    Authors: Markus Matthaei, Peter J Kerr, Andrew J Read, Paul Hick, Stephanie Haboury, John D Wright and Tanja Strive

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:109

    Content type: Research

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  21. Bovine rotavirus (BRV) is a non-enveloped dsRNA virus that cause neonatal calf diarrhea. Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enrich membrane mircodomains that play a vital role in many cellular processes. In this stud...

    Authors: Jin Cui, Xinliang Fu, Jiexiong Xie, Ming Gao, Malin Hong, Yao Chen, Shuo Su and Shoujun Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:98

    Content type: Research

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  22. Newcastle Disease virus (NDV) causes severe and economically significant disease in almost all birds. However, factors that affect NDV replication in host cells are poorly understood. NDV generates long double...

    Authors: Shilei Zhang, Yingjie Sun, Hongjun Chen, Yabin Dai, Yuan Zhan, Shengqing Yu, Xusheng Qiu, Lei Tan, Cuiping Song and Chan Ding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:62

    Content type: Research

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  23. Dendritic cells (DC) are important antigen presentation cells that monitor, process, and present antigen to T cells. Viruses that infect DC can have a devastating impact on the immune system. In this study, th...

    Authors: Mrigendra KS Rajput, Mahmoud F Darweesh, Kaci Park, Lyle J Braun, Waithaka Mwangi, Alan J Young and Christopher CL Chase

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:44

    Content type: Research

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  24. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a pestivirus which infects both domestic animals and wildlife species worldwide. In China, cattle are often infected with BVDV of different genotypes, but there is very li...

    Authors: Xiaowei Gong, Lihong Liu, Fuying Zheng, Qiwei Chen, Zhaocai Li, Xiaoan Cao, Hong Yin, Jizhang Zhou and Xuepeng Cai

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:29

    Content type: Research

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