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Veterinary RNA viruses

Section Editor: Siba Samal, University of Maryland, USA

The Veterinary RNA viruses section of Virology Journal covers research on RNA viruses of non-human animals, including food, companion, and wild animal species. Both reviews and original research papers on viral structure, function and genetics will be considered as well as articles focusing on viral pathogenesis, virus-host interactions, vaccines, and antiviral therapeutics.

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  1. For many years, ND has been one of the most important infectious pigeon diseases in China. In recent years, a high mortality has been observed in ND-infected pigeons in China. Mortality is from 40% to 80% or 1...

    Authors: Xusheng Qiu, Chunchun Meng, Yuan Zhan, Shengqing Yu, Shichao Li, Tingting Ren, Weifeng Yuan, Shuqin Xu, Yingjie Sun, Lei Tan, Cuiping Song, Ying Liao, Zhuang Ding, Xiufan Liu and Chan Ding

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:186

    Content type: Research

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  2. Currently, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically important viral pathogens in swine in most countries, especially China. Two PRRSV attenuated live vaccine ...

    Authors: Chaoliang Leng, Wuchao Zhang, Hongliang Zhang, Yunchao Kan, Lunguang Yao, Hongyue Zhai, Mingliang Li, Zhen Li, Chunxiao Liu, Tongqing An, Jinmei Peng, Qian Wang, Yumin Leng, Xuehui Cai, Zhijun Tian and Guangzhi Tong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:159

    Content type: Research

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  3. Astroviruses (AstVs) have been reported to infect and cause gastroenteritis in most animal species. Human AstVs were regarded the causative agent of viral diarrhea in children. In dogs, little is known about t...

    Authors: Huabo Zhou, Lin Liu, Ruikai Li, Yifeng Qin, Qingli Fang, Vinod RMT Balasubramaniam, Guojun Wang, Zuzhang Wei, Kang Ouyang, Weijian Huang and Ying Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:156

    Content type: Short Report

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  4. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has leaded to an enormous loss per year to the swine industry, its etiology porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a highly mutated ...

    Authors: Linyang Yu, Pandeng Zhao, Jianguo Dong, Yanling Liu, Leyi Zhang, Pengshuai Liang, Lei Wang and Changxu Song

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:139

    Content type: Research

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  5. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failures in sows and respiratory diseases in growing pigs, resulting in huge economic loss for the pig production worldwide. The ...

    Authors: Xuexia Wen, Ting Bian, Zhibang Zhang, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Jun Han, Xin Guo, Hanchun Yang and Kangzhen Yu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:125

    Content type: Research

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  6. Canine distemper (CD) is a widespread infectious disease that can severely impact a variety of species in the order Carnivora, as well as non-carnivore species such as non-human primates. Despite large-scale v...

    Authors: Otávio Valério de Carvalho, Daniele Mendes Félix, Claudia de Camargo Tozato, Juliana Lopes Rangel Fietto, Márcia Rogéria de Almeida, Gustavo Costa Bressan, Lindomar José Pena and Abelardo Silva-Júnior

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:124

    Content type: Research

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  7. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), the causative agent of PRRS, has two distinct and highly diverse genotypes (genotype 1 and genotype 2) in the field. Accurate diagnosis and differen...

    Authors: Zhibang Zhang, Xuexia Wen, Jianguo Dong, Xinna Ge, Lei Zhou, Hanchun Yang and Xin Guo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:116

    Content type: Research

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  8. Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a respiratory pathogen of chickens that causes severe economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Major advances in the study of the molecular biol...

    Authors: Steven J. van Beurden, Alinda J. Berends, Annika Krämer-Kühl, Dieuwertje Spekreijse, Gilles Chénard, Hans-Christian Philipp, Egbert Mundt, Peter J. M. Rottier and M. Hélène Verheije

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:109

    Content type: Research

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  9. Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious fatal infectious disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). A better understanding of CSFV replication is important for the study of pathogenic mec...

    Authors: Qianyi Zhang, Lu Xu, Yujie Zhang, Tuanjie Wang, Xingqi Zou, Yuanyuan Zhu, Yan Zhao, Cui Li, Kai Chen, Yongfang Sun, Junxiang Sun, Qizu Zhao and Qin Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:81

    Content type: Research

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  10. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failure in pregnant sows and acute respiratory disease in young pigs. It is a leading infectious agent of swine respiratory compl...

    Authors: Alexandria Van Noort, April Nelsen, Angela E. Pillatzki, Diego G. Diel, Feng Li, Eric Nelson and Xiuqing Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:76

    Content type: Research

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  11. Changes in the levels of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in the serum of humans and animals have been detected as a result of infection with a variety of viruses. However, to date, such a miRNA profiling study ...

    Authors: Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt, George Smoliga, Michael LaRocco, Joseph Gutkoska and Paul Lawrence

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:71

    Content type: Research

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  12. We developed a new oligonucleotide microarray comprising 16 identical subarrays for simultaneous rapid detection of avian viruses: avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), infection bronchit...

    Authors: Kulyaisan T. Sultankulova, Nurlan S. Kozhabergenov, Vitaliy M. Strochkov, Yerbol D. Burashev, Kamshat A. Shorayeva, Olga V. Chervyakova, Nurkuisa M. Rametov, Nurlan T. Sandybayev, Abylay R. Sansyzbay and Mukhit B. Orynbayev

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:69

    Content type: Research

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  13. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused several outbreaks in China since 2006. However, the genetic diversity of PRRSV in China has greatly increased by rapid evolution or recomb...

    Authors: Huajian Zhao, Qinggong Han, Lei Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yufeng Wu, Hong Shen and Ping Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:67

    Content type: Research

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  14. Sapovirus (SaV), a member of the family Caliciviridae, is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in humans and pigs. To date, both intra- and inter-genogroup recombinant strains have been reported in many countrie...

    Authors: Jingjiao Li, Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Yi Li, Jing Jiang, Xiangqian Yu, Zhibo Guo, Li Cui and Xiuguo Hua

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:57

    Content type: Research

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  15. Newcastle disease (ND) and avian influenza subtype H9N2 (H9N2 AI) are two of the most important diseases of poultry, causing severe economic losses in the global poultry industry. Vaccination is an effective w...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Huiming Yang, Hongjun Xu, Zengbin Ma and Guozhong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:56

    Content type: Research

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  16. Muscovy duck reovirus (MDRV) causes high morbidity and mortality in Muscovy ducklings at 10 days old and can persist in an infected flock until the ducklings of 6 weeks old. It shares common physicochemical pr...

    Authors: Yijian Wu, Longping Cui, Erpeng Zhu, Wuduo Zhou, Quanxi Wang, Xiaoping Wu, Baocheng Wu, Yifan Huang and Hung-Jen Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:53

    Content type: Research

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  17. Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) has been discovered on pig farms worldwide and can cause myocarditis in piglets and reproductive failure in sows. However, little is known about the host transcriptional respo...

    Authors: Jia Wei, Haixia Zhang, Xiangrong Li, Qiongyi Li, Zhongren Ma, Jialin Bai, Zilin Qiao and Ruofei Feng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:45

    Content type: Short report

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  18. Avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1) viruses are globally distributed, infect wild, peridomestic, and domestic birds, and sometimes lead to outbreaks of disease. Thus, the maintenance, evolution, and spread...

    Authors: Andrew M. Ramey, Iryna V. Goraichuk, Joseph T. Hicks, Kiril M. Dimitrov, Rebecca L. Poulson, David E. Stallknecht, Justin Bahl and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:43

    Content type: Research

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  19. Licensed antiviral therapeutics and vaccines to protect against eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) in humans currently do not exist. Animal models that faithfully recapitulate the clinical characteristic...

    Authors: Aimee I. Porter, Rebecca A. Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B. Yee, Steven J. Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J. Hartman, Michael D. Parker, Pamela J. Glass and Luis DaSilva

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:25

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:51

  20. The infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) causes significant economic losses in Chilean salmon farming. For effective sanitary management, the IPNV strains present in Chile need to be fully studied, char...

    Authors: René A. Manríquez, Tamara Vera, Melina V. Villalba, Alejandra Mancilla, Vikram N. Vakharia, Alejandro J. Yañez and Juan G. Cárcamo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:17

    Content type: Research

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  21. Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious, immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The virus mainly infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius (BF). Chicken B cell line DT4...

    Authors: Rong Quan, Shanshan Zhu, Li Wei, Jing Wang, Xu Yan, Zixuan Li and Jue Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  22. Newcastle disease (ND), caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry and wild birds. ND is prevented by rigorous biocontainment and vaccination. One potential approach to preven...

    Authors: Leonardo Susta, Ying He, Jessica M. Hutcheson, Yangqing Lu, Franklin D. West, Steven L. Stice, Ping Yu, Zaid Abdo and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:205

    Content type: Research

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  23. The potential involvement of viruses in inflammatory airway disease (IAD) was previously investigated through either serology or PCR from nasopharyngeal swabs (NS). The aims of this study were to determine the...

    Authors: Nadia Doubli-Bounoua, Eric A. Richard, Albertine Léon, Pierre-Hugues Pitel, Stéphane Pronost and Guillaume Fortier

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:197

    Content type: Research

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  24. Foot–and–mouth disease (FMD) is an economically devastating disease that severely limits international trade of animals. Of the seven FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes, serotype A is one of the most widespread cross ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Wanhong Xu, Hilary Bittner, Jacquelyn Horsington, Wilna Vosloo, Melissa Goolia, Diana Lusansky and Charles Nfon

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:195

    Content type: Research

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  25. The Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is a small, non enveloped, positive sense single-stranded RNA virus in the genus Cardiovirus, family Picornaviridae, with two known serotypes. It is spread worldwide and infe...

    Authors: Giusy Cardeti, Valeria Mariano, Claudia Eleni, Marco Aloisi, Goffredo Grifoni, Stefania Sittinieri, Giampiero Dante, Valeria Antognetti, Efrem Alessandro Foglia, Antonella Cersini and Alberigo Nardi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:193

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has increased in severity in China since 2010. To investigate further the infectivity, genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of its causative agent, the porcine epidemic ...

    Authors: Yunfang Su, Yunchao Liu, Yumei Chen, Baolei Zhao, Pengchao Ji, Guangxu Xing, Dawei Jiang, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Guoqiang Wang, Dongliang Li, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:192

    Content type: Research

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  27. Seneca valley virus (SVV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, is a small non-enveloped RNA virus, that is linked to porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD). SVV infection in swine results in vesicular dis...

    Authors: Suhong Qian, Wenchun Fan, Ping Qian, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:173

    Content type: Short report

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  28. Following the initial isolation of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) from pigs with diarrheal disease in the United States in 2014, the virus has been detected on swine farms in some provinces of China. To date...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Wen-Kang Wei, Xiao-Peng Li, Xiao-Hui Wen, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Dian-Hong Lv, Feng Li and Dan Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:136

    Content type: Research

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  29. Bluetongue virus (BTV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV) are distinct arthropod borne virus species in the genus Orbivirus (Reoviridae family), causing the notifiable diseases Bluetongue and African horse s...

    Authors: Piet A. van Rijn, Sandra G. P. van de Water, Femke Feenstra and René G. P. van Gennip

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:119

    Content type: Methodology

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  30. Avian leukosis viruses subgroup J (ALV-J) exists as a complex mixture of different, but closely related genomes named quasispecies subjected to continuous change according to the Principles of Darwinian evolut...

    Authors: Fanfeng Meng, Xuan Dong, Tao Hu, Yingnan Liu, Yingjie Zhao, Yanyan Lv, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao and Zhizhong Cui

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:112

    Content type: Research

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  31. Uganda poultry production is still faced with frequent outbreaks of Newcastle disease (ND) in the backyard free-range systems despite the accessibility of cross protective vaccines. Live bird markets and water...

    Authors: John Bosco Omony, Agnes Wanyana, Kizito K. Mugimba, Halid Kirunda, Jessica Lukanga Nakavuma, Maxwell Otim-Onapa and Denis Karuhize Byarugaba

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:103

    Content type: Research

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  32. Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is an emerging disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, first recognized in 1999 in Norway, and recently associated with piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) infe...

    Authors: Marcos G. Godoy, Molly J. T. Kibenge, Yingwei Wang, Rudy Suarez, Camila Leiva, Francisco Vallejos and Frederick S. B. Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:98

    Content type: Research

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  33. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is the main causative agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED). Since December 2010, a large-scale outbreak of diarrhea has been observed in swine farms in China. Accumul...

    Authors: Huixing Lin, Lei Chen, Lu Gao, Xiaomin Yuan, Zhe Ma and Hongjie Fan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:68

    Content type: Research

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  34. Pancreas disease (PD), caused by salmonid alphavirus (SAV), is an important disease affecting salmonid aquaculture. It has been speculated that Atlantic salmon post-smolts are more prone to infections in the f...

    Authors: J. Jarungsriapisit, L. J. Moore, G. L. Taranger, T. O. Nilsen, H. C. Morton, I. U. Fiksdal, S. Stefansson, P. G. Fjelldal, Ø. Evensen and S. Patel

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:66

    Content type: Research

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  35. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is mainly responsible for the significant economic losses in pig industry in the world. The adaptive immune responses of the host act as an important...

    Authors: Baochao Fan, Xing Liu, Juan Bai, Tingjie Zhang, Qiaoya Zhang and Ping Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  36. Chickens and ducks are major hosts of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) with distinct responses to infection. However, whereas ducks are generally asymptomatic or exhibit only mild symptoms following NDV infection...

    Authors: Yinfeng Kang, Minsha Feng, Xiaqiong Zhao, Xu Dai, Bin Xiang, Pei Gao, Yulian Li, Yanling Li and Tao Ren

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:41

    Content type: Research

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  37. Infectious bronchitis is a severe disease caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) that affects fowl flocks worldwide. The understanding of the mechanisms involved in IBV evolution and variation would provi...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Xiao-yu Liu, Ye Zhao, Yang Chen, Jing Zhao and Guo-zhong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:40

    Content type: Research

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  38. Bovine enteroviruses (BEV) are members of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. They are predominantly isolated from cattle feces, but also are detected in feces of other animals, including goats an...

    Authors: Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Marnoch Yindee, Irwin Fernandez Chavez, Pornsawan Leaungwutiwong, Poom Adisakwattana, Pratap Singhasivanon, Charin Thawornkuno, Narin Thippornchai, Amporn Rungruengkitkun, Juthamas Soontorn and Sasipan Pearsiriwuttipong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:13

    Content type: Research

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  39. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV occurs in two basic genotypes, North American and European. The European genotype is more widespread and s...

    Authors: Molly JT Kibenge, Tokinori Iwamoto, Yingwei Wang, Alexandra Morton, Richard Routledge and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:3

    Content type: Research

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  40. The enteric disease of swine recognized in the early 1970s in Europe was initially described as “epidemic viral diarrhea” and is now termed “porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED)”. The coronavirus referred to as PED...

    Authors: Changhee Lee

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:193

    Content type: Review

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:19

  41. Recent outbreaks of canine distemper have prompted examination of strains from clinical samples submitted to the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) Clinical Virology Lab. We previou...

    Authors: Matthew C. Riley and Rebecca P. Wilkes

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:219

    Content type: Research

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  42. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an arboviral disease with high case fatality rates and neurologic or psychiatric sequelae among survivors in Asia, western Pacific countries and northern Australia. Japanese encep...

    Authors: Ping Qian, Xianwei Zhi, Bo Wang, Huawei Zhang, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:214

    Content type: Research

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  43. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important pathogens in the swine industry and causes important economic losses. No effective antiviral drugs against it are commer...

    Authors: Jérémy A. Ferreira Barbosa, Josée Labrie, Francis Beaudry, Carl A. Gagnon and Mario Jacques

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:188

    Content type: Research

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  44. The current vaccines for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) have failed to provide broad protection against infection by various strains of PRRSV. Porcine Interleukin-4 (pIL-4) plays a...

    Authors: Zhijun Li, Gang Wang, Yan Wang, Chong Zhang, Xinglong Wang, Baicheng Huang, Qiongyi Li, Liangliang Li, Biyun Xue, Peiyang Ding, Shahid Faraz Syed, Chengbao Wang, Xuehui Cai and En-Min Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:185

    Content type: Research

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