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Veterinary RNA viruses

Section Editor: Siba Samal, University of Maryland, USA

The Veterinary RNA viruses section of Virology Journal covers research on RNA viruses of non-human animals, including food, companion, and wild animal species. Both reviews and original research papers on viral structure, function and genetics will be considered as well as articles focusing on viral pathogenesis, virus-host interactions, vaccines, and antiviral therapeutics.

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  1. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failure in pregnant sows and acute respiratory disease in young pigs. It is a leading infectious agent of swine respiratory compl...

    Authors: Alexandria Van Noort, April Nelsen, Angela E. Pillatzki, Diego G. Diel, Feng Li, Eric Nelson and Xiuqing Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:76

    Content type: Research

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  2. Changes in the levels of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in the serum of humans and animals have been detected as a result of infection with a variety of viruses. However, to date, such a miRNA profiling study ...

    Authors: Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt, George Smoliga, Michael LaRocco, Joseph Gutkoska and Paul Lawrence

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:71

    Content type: Research

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  3. We developed a new oligonucleotide microarray comprising 16 identical subarrays for simultaneous rapid detection of avian viruses: avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), infection bronchit...

    Authors: Kulyaisan T. Sultankulova, Nurlan S. Kozhabergenov, Vitaliy M. Strochkov, Yerbol D. Burashev, Kamshat A. Shorayeva, Olga V. Chervyakova, Nurkuisa M. Rametov, Nurlan T. Sandybayev, Abylay R. Sansyzbay and Mukhit B. Orynbayev

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:69

    Content type: Research

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  4. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused several outbreaks in China since 2006. However, the genetic diversity of PRRSV in China has greatly increased by rapid evolution or recomb...

    Authors: Huajian Zhao, Qinggong Han, Lei Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yufeng Wu, Hong Shen and Ping Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:67

    Content type: Research

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  5. Sapovirus (SaV), a member of the family Caliciviridae, is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in humans and pigs. To date, both intra- and inter-genogroup recombinant strains have been reported in many countrie...

    Authors: Jingjiao Li, Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Yi Li, Jing Jiang, Xiangqian Yu, Zhibo Guo, Li Cui and Xiuguo Hua

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:57

    Content type: Research

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  6. Newcastle disease (ND) and avian influenza subtype H9N2 (H9N2 AI) are two of the most important diseases of poultry, causing severe economic losses in the global poultry industry. Vaccination is an effective w...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Huiming Yang, Hongjun Xu, Zengbin Ma and Guozhong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:56

    Content type: Research

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  7. Muscovy duck reovirus (MDRV) causes high morbidity and mortality in Muscovy ducklings at 10 days old and can persist in an infected flock until the ducklings of 6 weeks old. It shares common physicochemical pr...

    Authors: Yijian Wu, Longping Cui, Erpeng Zhu, Wuduo Zhou, Quanxi Wang, Xiaoping Wu, Baocheng Wu, Yifan Huang and Hung-Jen Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:53

    Content type: Research

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  8. Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) has been discovered on pig farms worldwide and can cause myocarditis in piglets and reproductive failure in sows. However, little is known about the host transcriptional respo...

    Authors: Jia Wei, Haixia Zhang, Xiangrong Li, Qiongyi Li, Zhongren Ma, Jialin Bai, Zilin Qiao and Ruofei Feng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:45

    Content type: Short report

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  9. Avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1) viruses are globally distributed, infect wild, peridomestic, and domestic birds, and sometimes lead to outbreaks of disease. Thus, the maintenance, evolution, and spread...

    Authors: Andrew M. Ramey, Iryna V. Goraichuk, Joseph T. Hicks, Kiril M. Dimitrov, Rebecca L. Poulson, David E. Stallknecht, Justin Bahl and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:43

    Content type: Research

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  10. Licensed antiviral therapeutics and vaccines to protect against eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) in humans currently do not exist. Animal models that faithfully recapitulate the clinical characteristic...

    Authors: Aimee I. Porter, Rebecca A. Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B. Yee, Steven J. Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J. Hartman, Michael D. Parker, Pamela J. Glass and Luis DaSilva

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:25

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:51

  11. The infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) causes significant economic losses in Chilean salmon farming. For effective sanitary management, the IPNV strains present in Chile need to be fully studied, char...

    Authors: René A. Manríquez, Tamara Vera, Melina V. Villalba, Alejandra Mancilla, Vikram N. Vakharia, Alejandro J. Yañez and Juan G. Cárcamo

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:17

    Content type: Research

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  12. Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious, immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The virus mainly infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius (BF). Chicken B cell line DT4...

    Authors: Rong Quan, Shanshan Zhu, Li Wei, Jing Wang, Xu Yan, Zixuan Li and Jue Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  13. Newcastle disease (ND), caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry and wild birds. ND is prevented by rigorous biocontainment and vaccination. One potential approach to preven...

    Authors: Leonardo Susta, Ying He, Jessica M. Hutcheson, Yangqing Lu, Franklin D. West, Steven L. Stice, Ping Yu, Zaid Abdo and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:205

    Content type: Research

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  14. The potential involvement of viruses in inflammatory airway disease (IAD) was previously investigated through either serology or PCR from nasopharyngeal swabs (NS). The aims of this study were to determine the...

    Authors: Nadia Doubli-Bounoua, Eric A. Richard, Albertine Léon, Pierre-Hugues Pitel, Stéphane Pronost and Guillaume Fortier

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:197

    Content type: Research

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  15. Foot–and–mouth disease (FMD) is an economically devastating disease that severely limits international trade of animals. Of the seven FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes, serotype A is one of the most widespread cross ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Wanhong Xu, Hilary Bittner, Jacquelyn Horsington, Wilna Vosloo, Melissa Goolia, Diana Lusansky and Charles Nfon

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:195

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is a small, non enveloped, positive sense single-stranded RNA virus in the genus Cardiovirus, family Picornaviridae, with two known serotypes. It is spread worldwide and infe...

    Authors: Giusy Cardeti, Valeria Mariano, Claudia Eleni, Marco Aloisi, Goffredo Grifoni, Stefania Sittinieri, Giampiero Dante, Valeria Antognetti, Efrem Alessandro Foglia, Antonella Cersini and Alberigo Nardi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:193

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has increased in severity in China since 2010. To investigate further the infectivity, genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of its causative agent, the porcine epidemic ...

    Authors: Yunfang Su, Yunchao Liu, Yumei Chen, Baolei Zhao, Pengchao Ji, Guangxu Xing, Dawei Jiang, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Guoqiang Wang, Dongliang Li, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:192

    Content type: Research

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  18. Seneca valley virus (SVV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, is a small non-enveloped RNA virus, that is linked to porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD). SVV infection in swine results in vesicular dis...

    Authors: Suhong Qian, Wenchun Fan, Ping Qian, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:173

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Following the initial isolation of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) from pigs with diarrheal disease in the United States in 2014, the virus has been detected on swine farms in some provinces of China. To date...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Wen-Kang Wei, Xiao-Peng Li, Xiao-Hui Wen, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Dian-Hong Lv, Feng Li and Dan Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:136

    Content type: Research

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  20. Bluetongue virus (BTV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV) are distinct arthropod borne virus species in the genus Orbivirus (Reoviridae family), causing the notifiable diseases Bluetongue and African horse s...

    Authors: Piet A. van Rijn, Sandra G. P. van de Water, Femke Feenstra and René G. P. van Gennip

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:119

    Content type: Methodology

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  21. Avian leukosis viruses subgroup J (ALV-J) exists as a complex mixture of different, but closely related genomes named quasispecies subjected to continuous change according to the Principles of Darwinian evolut...

    Authors: Fanfeng Meng, Xuan Dong, Tao Hu, Yingnan Liu, Yingjie Zhao, Yanyan Lv, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao and Zhizhong Cui

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:112

    Content type: Research

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  22. Uganda poultry production is still faced with frequent outbreaks of Newcastle disease (ND) in the backyard free-range systems despite the accessibility of cross protective vaccines. Live bird markets and water...

    Authors: John Bosco Omony, Agnes Wanyana, Kizito K. Mugimba, Halid Kirunda, Jessica Lukanga Nakavuma, Maxwell Otim-Onapa and Denis Karuhize Byarugaba

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:103

    Content type: Research

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  23. Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is an emerging disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, first recognized in 1999 in Norway, and recently associated with piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) infe...

    Authors: Marcos G. Godoy, Molly J. T. Kibenge, Yingwei Wang, Rudy Suarez, Camila Leiva, Francisco Vallejos and Frederick S. B. Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:98

    Content type: Research

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  24. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is the main causative agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED). Since December 2010, a large-scale outbreak of diarrhea has been observed in swine farms in China. Accumul...

    Authors: Huixing Lin, Lei Chen, Lu Gao, Xiaomin Yuan, Zhe Ma and Hongjie Fan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:68

    Content type: Research

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  25. Pancreas disease (PD), caused by salmonid alphavirus (SAV), is an important disease affecting salmonid aquaculture. It has been speculated that Atlantic salmon post-smolts are more prone to infections in the f...

    Authors: J. Jarungsriapisit, L. J. Moore, G. L. Taranger, T. O. Nilsen, H. C. Morton, I. U. Fiksdal, S. Stefansson, P. G. Fjelldal, Ø. Evensen and S. Patel

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:66

    Content type: Research

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  26. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is mainly responsible for the significant economic losses in pig industry in the world. The adaptive immune responses of the host act as an important...

    Authors: Baochao Fan, Xing Liu, Juan Bai, Tingjie Zhang, Qiaoya Zhang and Ping Jiang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  27. Chickens and ducks are major hosts of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) with distinct responses to infection. However, whereas ducks are generally asymptomatic or exhibit only mild symptoms following NDV infection...

    Authors: Yinfeng Kang, Minsha Feng, Xiaqiong Zhao, Xu Dai, Bin Xiang, Pei Gao, Yulian Li, Yanling Li and Tao Ren

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:41

    Content type: Research

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  28. Infectious bronchitis is a severe disease caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) that affects fowl flocks worldwide. The understanding of the mechanisms involved in IBV evolution and variation would provi...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Xiao-yu Liu, Ye Zhao, Yang Chen, Jing Zhao and Guo-zhong Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:40

    Content type: Research

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  29. Bovine enteroviruses (BEV) are members of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. They are predominantly isolated from cattle feces, but also are detected in feces of other animals, including goats an...

    Authors: Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Marnoch Yindee, Irwin Fernandez Chavez, Pornsawan Leaungwutiwong, Poom Adisakwattana, Pratap Singhasivanon, Charin Thawornkuno, Narin Thippornchai, Amporn Rungruengkitkun, Juthamas Soontorn and Sasipan Pearsiriwuttipong

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:13

    Content type: Research

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  30. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV occurs in two basic genotypes, North American and European. The European genotype is more widespread and s...

    Authors: Molly JT Kibenge, Tokinori Iwamoto, Yingwei Wang, Alexandra Morton, Richard Routledge and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:3

    Content type: Research

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  31. The enteric disease of swine recognized in the early 1970s in Europe was initially described as “epidemic viral diarrhea” and is now termed “porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED)”. The coronavirus referred to as PED...

    Authors: Changhee Lee

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:193

    Content type: Review

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:19

  32. Recent outbreaks of canine distemper have prompted examination of strains from clinical samples submitted to the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) Clinical Virology Lab. We previou...

    Authors: Matthew C. Riley and Rebecca P. Wilkes

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:219

    Content type: Research

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  33. Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an arboviral disease with high case fatality rates and neurologic or psychiatric sequelae among survivors in Asia, western Pacific countries and northern Australia. Japanese encep...

    Authors: Ping Qian, Xianwei Zhi, Bo Wang, Huawei Zhang, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:214

    Content type: Research

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  34. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important pathogens in the swine industry and causes important economic losses. No effective antiviral drugs against it are commer...

    Authors: Jérémy A. Ferreira Barbosa, Josée Labrie, Francis Beaudry, Carl A. Gagnon and Mario Jacques

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:188

    Content type: Research

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  35. The current vaccines for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) have failed to provide broad protection against infection by various strains of PRRSV. Porcine Interleukin-4 (pIL-4) plays a...

    Authors: Zhijun Li, Gang Wang, Yan Wang, Chong Zhang, Xinglong Wang, Baicheng Huang, Qiongyi Li, Liangliang Li, Biyun Xue, Peiyang Ding, Shahid Faraz Syed, Chengbao Wang, Xuehui Cai and En-Min Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:185

    Content type: Research

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  36. Virus-like particle (VLP) technology is considered one of the most promising approaches in animal vaccines, due to the intrinsic immunogenic properties as well as high safety profile of VLPs. In this study, we...

    Authors: Hyun-Jeong Lee, Ji-Ye Kim, Soo-jeong Kye, Hee-Jung Seul, Suk-Chan Jung and Kang-Seuk Choi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:177

    Content type: Research

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  37. A novel reassortant avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus was found to infect three Chinese residents, the first H7N9 infection in humans in Asia. Chest computed tomography (CT) for acute respiratory distress ...

    Authors: Yu-kun Zhang, Jian Li, Jian-ping Yang, Ying Zhan and Jun Chen

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:176

    Content type: Research

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  38. Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) is an important pathogen that causes diseases in many species of fish in marine aquaculture. The larvae and juveniles are more easily infected by RGNNV and th...

    Authors: Zi Dan Su, Cheng Yin Shi, Jie Huang, Gui Ming Shen, Jin Li, Sheng Qiang Wang and Chao Fan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:149

    Content type: Research

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  39. In mammals, interleukin 2 (IL-2) has been shown to decrease replication or attenuate pathogenicity of numerous viral pathogens (herpes simplex virus, vaccinia virus, human respiratory syncytial virus, human im...

    Authors: Leonardo Susta, Diego G. Diel, Sean Courtney, Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Roy S. Sundick, Patti J. Miller, Corrie C. Brown and Claudio L. Afonso

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:122

    Content type: Research

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  40. Newcastle disease (ND) is a devastating worldwide disease of poultry characterized by increased respiration, circulatory disturbances, hemorrhagic enteritis, and nervous signs. Sequence analysis shows several ...

    Authors: Jing-Yu Wang, Wan-Hua Liu, Juan-Juan Ren, Pan Tang, Ning Wu, Hung-Yi Wu, Ching-Dong Ching and Hung-Jen Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:119

    Content type: Research

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  41. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a major pathogen of commercial poultry flocks, circulates in the form of several serotypes/genotypes. Only a few amino-acid changes in the S1 subunit of wild-type IBVS protei...

    Authors: Siham Fellahi, Mehdi EL Harrak, Mariette Ducatez, Chafiqa Loutfi, Saad Ibn Souda Koraichi, Jens H. Kuhn, Slimane Khayi, Mohammed EL Houadfi and My Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:116

    Content type: Research

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  42. H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) becomes the focus for its ability of transmission to mammals and as a donor to provide internal genes to form the new epidemic lethal influenza viruses. Residue 627 in PB2 has ...

    Authors: Meng Yu, Kaizhao Zhang, Wenbao Qi, Zhiqiang Huang, Jinhui Ye, Yongjiang Ma, Ming Liao and Zhangyong Ning

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:229

    Content type: Research

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  43. The current vaccines failed to provide substantial protection against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) and the new vaccine development faces great challenges. Sialoadhesin (Sn) and CD163 ar...

    Authors: Li Zhu, Hongqin Song, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoli Xia and Huaichang Sun

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:225

    Content type: Research

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  44. Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) is a serious disease of marine farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. caused by ISA virus (ISAV). ISAV genomic segments 5 and 6 encode surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin-esterase (...

    Authors: Marcos G Godoy, Rudy Suarez, Eduardo S Lazo, Katerina O Llegues, Molly JT Kibenge, Yingwei Wang and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:204

    Content type: Research

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  45. Cell culture adaptation of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) was shown to be mainly associated with the VP2 capsid protein residues 253, 279, and 284. The single mutation A284T proved crit...

    Authors: Nawel Ben Abdeljelil, Neila Khabouchi, Selma Kassar, Khaled Miled, Samir Boubaker, Abdeljelil Ghram and Helmi Mardassi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:199

    Content type: Research

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