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Veterinary RNA viruses

Section Editor: Siba Samal, University of Maryland, USA

The Veterinary RNA viruses section of Virology Journal covers research on RNA viruses of non-human animals, including food, companion, and wild animal species. Both reviews and original research papers on viral structure, function and genetics will be considered as well as articles focusing on viral pathogenesis, virus-host interactions, vaccines, and antiviral therapeutics.

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  1. Reovirus type-3 infections cause severe pathologies in young mice and thus influence animal experiments in many ways. Therefore, the Federation of Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA) recommends an ...

    Authors: Felix Fingas, Daniela Volke, Petra Bielefeldt, Rayk Hassert and Ralf Hoffmann
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:114
  2. Emergence and re-emergence of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in North America, Asia and Europe has caused severe economic loss to the global swine industry. However, the virome of PEDV infected pigs an...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Leyi Wang, Ying Zheng, Jianqiang Zhang, Baoqing Guo, Kyoung-Jin Yoon, Phillip C. Gauger, Karen M. Harmon, Rodger G. Main and Ganwu Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:95
  3. Vesiviruses (family Caliciviridae) had been shown capable of invading a variety of host species, raising concern of their zoonotic potential. Since the 1980’s, several canine caliciviruses (CaCV) isolates have be...

    Authors: Leonard N. Binn, Erica A. Norby, Ruth H. Marchwicki, Richard G. Jarman, Paul B. Keiser and Jun Hang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:39
  4. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a lethal infectious disease in suckling piglets with symptoms including watery diarrhea caused by PED virus (PEDV). Since the late 1990’s, live vaccines based on genogroup 1 ...

    Authors: Tetsuo Sato, Kazuki Oroku, Yoshiyuki Ohshima, Yoshiaki Furuya and Chihiro Sasakawa
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:28
  5. Virulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV, avian Avulavirus-1, APMV-1) induces a highly contagious and lethal systemic disease in gallinaceous poultry. APMV-1 antibody detection is used for surveillance and to con...

    Authors: Na Zhao, Christian Grund, Martin Beer and Timm C. Harder
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:8
  6. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been epidemic more than 30 years in America and 20 years in China. It is still one of the most important causative agents to the worldwide swine ...

    Authors: Zhenhua Guo, Xin-xin Chen, Rui Li, Songlin Qiao and Gaiping Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:2
  7. DNA-launched infectious system is a useful tool with high rescue efficiency that allows the introduction of mutations in specific positions to investigate the function of an individual viral element. Rescued v...

    Authors: Junhao Chen, Ruihua Zhang, Shaoli Lin, Pengfei Li, Jingjing Lan, Zhijing Xie, Yu Wang and Shijin Jiang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:212
  8. Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is the causative pathogen of Classical swine fever (CSF), a highly contagious disease of swine. Viperin is one of the hundreds of interferon-stimulat...

    Authors: Wenliang Li, Li Mao, Yongguo Cao, Bin Zhou, Leilei Yang, Linxiao Han, Fei Hao, Tao Lin, Wenwen Zhang and Jieyuan Jiang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:202
  9. Large-scale outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) have re-emerged in China in recent years. However, little is known about the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of field strains of PED virus ...

    Authors: Qiaoling Zhang, Xinsheng Liu, Yuzhen Fang, Peng Zhou, Yonglu Wang and Yongguang Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:194
  10. The Nucleoprotein (NP) is the most abundant and highly immunogenic protein in canine distemper virus (CDV), playing an important role in CDV viral replication and assembly.

    Authors: Li Yi, Zhigang Cao, Mingwei Tong, Yuening Cheng, Yong Yang, Shuang Li, Jianke Wang, Peng Lin, Yaru Sun, Miao Zhang and Shipeng Cheng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:187
  11. For many years, ND has been one of the most important infectious pigeon diseases in China. In recent years, a high mortality has been observed in ND-infected pigeons in China. Mortality is from 40% to 80% or 1...

    Authors: Xusheng Qiu, Chunchun Meng, Yuan Zhan, Shengqing Yu, Shichao Li, Tingting Ren, Weifeng Yuan, Shuqin Xu, Yingjie Sun, Lei Tan, Cuiping Song, Ying Liao, Zhuang Ding, Xiufan Liu and Chan Ding
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:186
  12. Currently, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically important viral pathogens in swine in most countries, especially China. Two PRRSV attenuated live vaccine ...

    Authors: Chaoliang Leng, Wuchao Zhang, Hongliang Zhang, Yunchao Kan, Lunguang Yao, Hongyue Zhai, Mingliang Li, Zhen Li, Chunxiao Liu, Tongqing An, Jinmei Peng, Qian Wang, Yumin Leng, Xuehui Cai, Zhijun Tian and Guangzhi Tong
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:159
  13. Astroviruses (AstVs) have been reported to infect and cause gastroenteritis in most animal species. Human AstVs were regarded the causative agent of viral diarrhea in children. In dogs, little is known about t...

    Authors: Huabo Zhou, Lin Liu, Ruikai Li, Yifeng Qin, Qingli Fang, Vinod RMT Balasubramaniam, Guojun Wang, Zuzhang Wei, Kang Ouyang, Weijian Huang and Ying Chen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:156
  14. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has leaded to an enormous loss per year to the swine industry, its etiology porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a highly mutated ...

    Authors: Linyang Yu, Pandeng Zhao, Jianguo Dong, Yanling Liu, Leyi Zhang, Pengshuai Liang, Lei Wang and Changxu Song
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:139
  15. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failures in sows and respiratory diseases in growing pigs, resulting in huge economic loss for the pig production worldwide. The ...

    Authors: Xuexia Wen, Ting Bian, Zhibang Zhang, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Jun Han, Xin Guo, Hanchun Yang and Kangzhen Yu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:125
  16. Canine distemper (CD) is a widespread infectious disease that can severely impact a variety of species in the order Carnivora, as well as non-carnivore species such as non-human primates. Despite large-scale v...

    Authors: Otávio Valério de Carvalho, Daniele Mendes Félix, Claudia de Camargo Tozato, Juliana Lopes Rangel Fietto, Márcia Rogéria de Almeida, Gustavo Costa Bressan, Lindomar José Pena and Abelardo Silva-Júnior
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:124
  17. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), the causative agent of PRRS, has two distinct and highly diverse genotypes (genotype 1 and genotype 2) in the field. Accurate diagnosis and differen...

    Authors: Zhibang Zhang, Xuexia Wen, Jianguo Dong, Xinna Ge, Lei Zhou, Hanchun Yang and Xin Guo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:116
  18. Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a respiratory pathogen of chickens that causes severe economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Major advances in the study of the molecular biol...

    Authors: Steven J. van Beurden, Alinda J. Berends, Annika Krämer-Kühl, Dieuwertje Spekreijse, Gilles Chénard, Hans-Christian Philipp, Egbert Mundt, Peter J. M. Rottier and M. Hélène Verheije
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:109
  19. Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious fatal infectious disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). A better understanding of CSFV replication is important for the study of pathogenic mec...

    Authors: Qianyi Zhang, Lu Xu, Yujie Zhang, Tuanjie Wang, Xingqi Zou, Yuanyuan Zhu, Yan Zhao, Cui Li, Kai Chen, Yongfang Sun, Junxiang Sun, Qizu Zhao and Qin Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:81
  20. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failure in pregnant sows and acute respiratory disease in young pigs. It is a leading infectious agent of swine respiratory compl...

    Authors: Alexandria Van Noort, April Nelsen, Angela E. Pillatzki, Diego G. Diel, Feng Li, Eric Nelson and Xiuqing Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:76
  21. Changes in the levels of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in the serum of humans and animals have been detected as a result of infection with a variety of viruses. However, to date, such a miRNA profiling study ...

    Authors: Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt, George Smoliga, Michael LaRocco, Joseph Gutkoska and Paul Lawrence
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:71
  22. We developed a new oligonucleotide microarray comprising 16 identical subarrays for simultaneous rapid detection of avian viruses: avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), infection bronchit...

    Authors: Kulyaisan T. Sultankulova, Nurlan S. Kozhabergenov, Vitaliy M. Strochkov, Yerbol D. Burashev, Kamshat A. Shorayeva, Olga V. Chervyakova, Nurkuisa M. Rametov, Nurlan T. Sandybayev, Abylay R. Sansyzbay and Mukhit B. Orynbayev
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:69
  23. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused several outbreaks in China since 2006. However, the genetic diversity of PRRSV in China has greatly increased by rapid evolution or recomb...

    Authors: Huajian Zhao, Qinggong Han, Lei Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yufeng Wu, Hong Shen and Ping Jiang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:67
  24. Sapovirus (SaV), a member of the family Caliciviridae, is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in humans and pigs. To date, both intra- and inter-genogroup recombinant strains have been reported in many countrie...

    Authors: Jingjiao Li, Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Yi Li, Jing Jiang, Xiangqian Yu, Zhibo Guo, Li Cui and Xiuguo Hua
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:57
  25. Newcastle disease (ND) and avian influenza subtype H9N2 (H9N2 AI) are two of the most important diseases of poultry, causing severe economic losses in the global poultry industry. Vaccination is an effective w...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Huiming Yang, Hongjun Xu, Zengbin Ma and Guozhong Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:56
  26. Muscovy duck reovirus (MDRV) causes high morbidity and mortality in Muscovy ducklings at 10 days old and can persist in an infected flock until the ducklings of 6 weeks old. It shares common physicochemical pr...

    Authors: Yijian Wu, Longping Cui, Erpeng Zhu, Wuduo Zhou, Quanxi Wang, Xiaoping Wu, Baocheng Wu, Yifan Huang and Hung-Jen Liu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:53
  27. Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) has been discovered on pig farms worldwide and can cause myocarditis in piglets and reproductive failure in sows. However, little is known about the host transcriptional respo...

    Authors: Jia Wei, Haixia Zhang, Xiangrong Li, Qiongyi Li, Zhongren Ma, Jialin Bai, Zilin Qiao and Ruofei Feng
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:45
  28. Avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1) viruses are globally distributed, infect wild, peridomestic, and domestic birds, and sometimes lead to outbreaks of disease. Thus, the maintenance, evolution, and spread...

    Authors: Andrew M. Ramey, Iryna V. Goraichuk, Joseph T. Hicks, Kiril M. Dimitrov, Rebecca L. Poulson, David E. Stallknecht, Justin Bahl and Claudio L. Afonso
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:43
  29. Licensed antiviral therapeutics and vaccines to protect against eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) in humans currently do not exist. Animal models that faithfully recapitulate the clinical characteristic...

    Authors: Aimee I. Porter, Rebecca A. Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B. Yee, Steven J. Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J. Hartman, Michael D. Parker, Pamela J. Glass and Luis DaSilva
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:25

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2017 14:51

  30. The infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) causes significant economic losses in Chilean salmon farming. For effective sanitary management, the IPNV strains present in Chile need to be fully studied, char...

    Authors: René A. Manríquez, Tamara Vera, Melina V. Villalba, Alejandra Mancilla, Vikram N. Vakharia, Alejandro J. Yañez and Juan G. Cárcamo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:17
  31. Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly contagious, immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The virus mainly infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius (BF). Chicken B cell line DT4...

    Authors: Rong Quan, Shanshan Zhu, Li Wei, Jing Wang, Xu Yan, Zixuan Li and Jue Liu
    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:7
  32. Newcastle disease (ND), caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry and wild birds. ND is prevented by rigorous biocontainment and vaccination. One potential approach to preven...

    Authors: Leonardo Susta, Ying He, Jessica M. Hutcheson, Yangqing Lu, Franklin D. West, Steven L. Stice, Ping Yu, Zaid Abdo and Claudio L. Afonso
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:205
  33. The potential involvement of viruses in inflammatory airway disease (IAD) was previously investigated through either serology or PCR from nasopharyngeal swabs (NS). The aims of this study were to determine the...

    Authors: Nadia Doubli-Bounoua, Eric A. Richard, Albertine Léon, Pierre-Hugues Pitel, Stéphane Pronost and Guillaume Fortier
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:197
  34. Foot–and–mouth disease (FMD) is an economically devastating disease that severely limits international trade of animals. Of the seven FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes, serotype A is one of the most widespread cross ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Wanhong Xu, Hilary Bittner, Jacquelyn Horsington, Wilna Vosloo, Melissa Goolia, Diana Lusansky and Charles Nfon
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:195
  35. The Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is a small, non enveloped, positive sense single-stranded RNA virus in the genus Cardiovirus, family Picornaviridae, with two known serotypes. It is spread worldwide and infe...

    Authors: Giusy Cardeti, Valeria Mariano, Claudia Eleni, Marco Aloisi, Goffredo Grifoni, Stefania Sittinieri, Giampiero Dante, Valeria Antognetti, Efrem Alessandro Foglia, Antonella Cersini and Alberigo Nardi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:193
  36. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has increased in severity in China since 2010. To investigate further the infectivity, genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of its causative agent, the porcine epidemic ...

    Authors: Yunfang Su, Yunchao Liu, Yumei Chen, Baolei Zhao, Pengchao Ji, Guangxu Xing, Dawei Jiang, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Guoqiang Wang, Dongliang Li, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:192
  37. Seneca valley virus (SVV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, is a small non-enveloped RNA virus, that is linked to porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD). SVV infection in swine results in vesicular dis...

    Authors: Suhong Qian, Wenchun Fan, Ping Qian, Huanchun Chen and Xiangmin Li
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:173
  38. Following the initial isolation of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) from pigs with diarrheal disease in the United States in 2014, the virus has been detected on swine farms in some provinces of China. To date...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Wen-Kang Wei, Xiao-Peng Li, Xiao-Hui Wen, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Dian-Hong Lv, Feng Li and Dan Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:136
  39. Bluetongue virus (BTV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV) are distinct arthropod borne virus species in the genus Orbivirus (Reoviridae family), causing the notifiable diseases Bluetongue and African horse s...

    Authors: Piet A. van Rijn, Sandra G. P. van de Water, Femke Feenstra and René G. P. van Gennip
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:119
  40. Avian leukosis viruses subgroup J (ALV-J) exists as a complex mixture of different, but closely related genomes named quasispecies subjected to continuous change according to the Principles of Darwinian evolut...

    Authors: Fanfeng Meng, Xuan Dong, Tao Hu, Yingnan Liu, Yingjie Zhao, Yanyan Lv, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao and Zhizhong Cui
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:112
  41. Uganda poultry production is still faced with frequent outbreaks of Newcastle disease (ND) in the backyard free-range systems despite the accessibility of cross protective vaccines. Live bird markets and water...

    Authors: John Bosco Omony, Agnes Wanyana, Kizito K. Mugimba, Halid Kirunda, Jessica Lukanga Nakavuma, Maxwell Otim-Onapa and Denis Karuhize Byarugaba
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:103
  42. Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is an emerging disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, first recognized in 1999 in Norway, and recently associated with piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) infe...

    Authors: Marcos G. Godoy, Molly J. T. Kibenge, Yingwei Wang, Rudy Suarez, Camila Leiva, Francisco Vallejos and Frederick S. B. Kibenge
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:98
  43. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is the main causative agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED). Since December 2010, a large-scale outbreak of diarrhea has been observed in swine farms in China. Accumul...

    Authors: Huixing Lin, Lei Chen, Lu Gao, Xiaomin Yuan, Zhe Ma and Hongjie Fan
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:68
  44. Pancreas disease (PD), caused by salmonid alphavirus (SAV), is an important disease affecting salmonid aquaculture. It has been speculated that Atlantic salmon post-smolts are more prone to infections in the f...

    Authors: J. Jarungsriapisit, L. J. Moore, G. L. Taranger, T. O. Nilsen, H. C. Morton, I. U. Fiksdal, S. Stefansson, P. G. Fjelldal, Ø. Evensen and S. Patel
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:66