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Plant viruses

Section Editor: Chikara Masuta, Hokkaido University, Japan
Deputy Section Editor: Supriya Chakraborty, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

The Plant viruses section of Virology Journal covers studies on all aspects of plant viruses including viral structure, gene function, genetics, virus-host interactions, viral pathogenesis, epidemiology, host resistance, RNA silencing and so on. Also this section publishes studies involving useful methodological application such as diagnostic technology and metagenomics.

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  1. Citrus industry is worldwide dramatically affected by outbreaks of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV). Controls should be applied to nurseries, which could act as diversity hotspots for CTV. Early detection and chara...

    Authors: Aderito Tomàs Pais da Cunha, Michela Chiumenti, Laurindo Chambula Ladeira, Raied Abou Kubaa, Giuliana Loconsole, Vitantonio Pantaleo and Angelantonio Minafra

    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:62

    Content type: Research

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  2. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) has been applied successfully for virus and viroid discovery in many agricultural crops leading to the current drive to apply this technology in routine pathogen detection. The...

    Authors: Rachelle Bester, Glynnis Cook, Johannes H. J. Breytenbach, Chanel Steyn, Rochelle De Bruyn and Hans J. Maree

    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:61

    Content type: Research

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  3. Pepper vein yellows viruses (PeVYV) are phloem-restricted viruses in the genus Polerovirus, family Luteoviridae. Typical viral symptoms of PeVYV including interveinal yellowing of leaves and upward leaf curling w...

    Authors: Kuangjie Zhao, Yueyan Yin, Mengying Hua, Shaoxiang Wang, Xiaohan Mo, Enping Yuan, Hongying Zheng, Lin Lin, Hairu Chen, Yuwen Lu, Jianping Chen, Jiejun Peng and Fei Yan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:42

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Tobamoviruses, including tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) on tomato and pepper, and cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) on cucumber and watermelon, have caused many disease outbreaks around the ...

    Authors: Bidisha Chanda, Md Shamimuzzaman, Andrea Gilliard and Kai-Shu Ling

    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. Tomato production is threatened worldwide by the occurrence of begomoviruses which are associated with tomato leaf curl diseases. There is little information on the molecular properties of tomato begomoviruses...

    Authors: Edith Khamonya Avedi, Adedapo Olutola Adediji, Dora Chao Kilalo, Florence Mmogi Olubayo, Isaac Macharia, Elijah Miinda Ateka, Eunice Magoma Machuka and Josiah Musembi Mutuku

    Citation: Virology Journal 2021 18:2

    Content type: Research

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  6. The study of transient gene expression in cassava plants during virus infection using existing protocols is laborious and may take approximately fifteen weeks due to cassava’s recalcitrance to transformation. ...

    Authors: Patience Chatukuta and Marie Emma Christine Rey

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:184

    Content type: Research

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  7. Wheat yellow dwarf virus disease is infected by barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV), which causes leaf yellowing and dwarfing symptoms in wheat, thereby posing a serious threat to China's food production. The inf...

    Authors: Chuan Shen, Caiyan Wei, Jingyuan Li, Xudong Zhang, Qinrong Zhong, Yue Li, Bixin Bai and Yunfeng Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:158

    Content type: Research

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  8. In plants, the RNA silencing system functions as an antiviral defense mechanism following its induction with virus-derived double-stranded RNAs. This occurs through the action of RNA silencing components, incl...

    Authors: Joon Kwon, Atsushi Kasai, Tetsuo Maoka, Chikara Masuta, Teruo Sano and Kenji S. Nakahara

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:149

    Content type: Research

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  9. Milk vetch dwarf virus (MDV) is an important ssDNA virus which causes yellowing, stunting and leaf rolling symptoms on legumes. In China, the virus causes great economic losses and has recently been found to i...

    Authors: Yuhao Cao, Dankan Yan, Xinyang Wu, Ziqiang Chen, Yuchao Lai, Lanqing Lv, Fei Yan, Jianping Chen, Hongying Zheng and Xuemei Song

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:102

    Content type: Methodology

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  10. In Raphanus sativus (Japanese radish), strain D8 of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV-D8) establishes a systemic infection and induces mild mosaic on upper, non-inoculated leaves, whereas strain Y of CMV (CMV-Y) causes ...

    Authors: Yu Yu Khaing, Yudai Kobayashi and Minoru Takeshita

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:49

    Content type: Research

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  11. Chilli veinal mottle virus (ChiVMV), which belongs to the genus Potyvirus of the family Potyviridae, mainly infects solanaceous plants and has caused serious economic losses in Asia and Africa. Tobacco plants inf...

    Authors: Yubing Jiao, Chuantao Xu, Jialun Li, Yong Gu, Chun Xia, Qiang Xie, Yunbo Xie, Mengnan An, Zihao Xia and Yuanhua Wu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:33

    Content type: Research

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  12. Developing African countries face health problems that they struggle to solve. The major causes of this situation are high therapeutic and logistical costs. Plant-made therapeutics are easy to produce due to t...

    Authors: Pingdwende Kader Aziz Bamogo, Christophe Brugidou, Drissa Sérémé, Fidèle Tiendrébéogo, Florencia Wendkuuni Djigma, Jacques Simpore and Séverine Lacombe

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:167

    Content type: Review

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  13. Rice stripe mosaic virus (RSMV) is a tentative new Cytorhabdovirus species in family Rhabdoviridae transmitted by the leafhopper Recilia dorsalis. Although the virus was first detected in southern China in 2015, ...

    Authors: Siping Chen, Weilin Li, Xiuqin Huang, Biao Chen, Tong Zhang and Guohui Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:145

    Content type: Research

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  14. Rice stripe virus (RSV) causes one of the most important rice virus diseases of plants in East Asia. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling rice resistance to RSV infection are largely unknown. Recently, s...

    Authors: Rongfei Lu, Zhiyang Liu, Yudong Shao, Feng Sun, Yali Zhang, Jin Cui, Yijun Zhou, Wenbiao Shen and Tong Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:141

    Content type: Short report

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  15. In Oman tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum; family Solanaceae) is a minor crop, which is produced only for local consumption. In 2015, tobacco plants exhibiting severe downward leaf curling, leaf thickening, vein swellin...

    Authors: Muhammad Shafiq Shahid, Muhammad Shafiq, Amir Raza, Abdullah M. Al-Sadi and Rob W. Briddon

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:131

    Content type: Research

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  16. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 21–24 nucleotide endogenous non-coding small RNAs that play important roles in plant development and defense responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Tobacco curly shoot viru...

    Authors: Jiang Du, Gentu Wu, Zhongpiao Zhou, Jiayuan Zhang, Mingjun Li, Miao Sun, Kairong Jiang and Ling Qing

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:130

    Content type: Research

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  17. Plant viruses can affect vector’s behaviors in order to enhance viral transmission. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (genus Crinivirus) is an emergent RNA plant virus and is transmitted specifically by bio...

    Authors: Shaohua Lu, Mingshun Chen, Jingjing Li, Yan Shi, Qinsheng Gu and Fengming Yan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:106

    Content type: Research

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  18. A tenuivirus, referred to here as JKI 29327, was isolated from a black medic (Medicago lupulina) plant collected in Austria. The virus was mechanically transmitted to Nicotiana benthamiana, M. lupulina, M. sativa

    Authors: Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Katja R. Richert-Pöggeler, Angelika Sieg-Müller, Petra Lüddecke, Kerstin Herz, Jonas Hartrick, Yvonne Seide, Heinrich-Josef Vetten and Heiko Ziebell

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:89

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) is a bipartite cucurbit-infecting crinivirus within the family Closteroviridae. The crinivirus genome varies among genera. P4.9 is the first protein encoded by CCYV RNA2. P...

    Authors: Ying Wei, Yajuan Shi, Xaioyu Han, Siyu Chen, Honglian Li, Linlin Chen, Bingjian Sun and Yan Shi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:82

    Content type: Short report

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  20. A novel nepovirus was identified and characterised from caraway, and tentatively named caraway yellows virus (CawYV). Tubular structures with isomeric virus particles typical for nepoviruses were observed in i...

    Authors: Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Katja R. Richert-Pöggeler, Angelika Sieg-Müller, Petra Lüddecke, Kerstin Herz, Jonas Hartrick, Christina Maaß, Roswitha Ulrich and Heiko Ziebell

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:70

    Content type: Short report

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  21. Nucleorhabdoviruses possess bacilliform particles which contain a single-stranded negative-sense RNA genome. They replicate and mature in the nucleus of infected cells. Together with viruses of three other gen...

    Authors: Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Katja R. Richert-Pöggeler, Christina Maaß, Heinrich-Josef Vetten and Heiko Ziebell

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:55

    Content type: Research

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  22. Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) and Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) seriously interfered in the production of rice and maize in China. These two viruses are members of the genus Fijiviru...

    Authors: Zenghui Wang, Chengming Yu, Yuanhao Peng, Chengshi Ding, Qingliang Li, Deya Wang and Xuefeng Yuan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:53

    Content type: Research

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  23. Tobacco production in China has been affected by plant viruses with Milk vetch dwarf virus (MDV) as a recent invader posing serious concern. According to most of the studies, MDV mainly infects hosts from Faba...

    Authors: Ali Kamran, Han Hou, Yi Xie, Cunxiao Zhao, Xiaomin Wei, Chaoqun Zhang, Xiangwen Yu, Fenglong Wang and Jinguang Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:38

    Content type: Short report

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  24. Cross protection is a promising alternative to control plant viral diseases. One critical factor limiting the application of cross protection is the availability of attenuated mutants or mild strains. Potato viru...

    Authors: Q. Q. Cong, Y. Wang, J. Liu, Y. F. Lan, Z. K. Guo, J. G. Yang, X.-D. Li and Y. P. Tian

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:36

    Content type: Research

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  25. Viruses in the genus Begomovirus (Family Geminiviridae) include many important economic plant viruses transmitted by whiteflies of the Bemisia tabaci species complex. In general, different begomoviruses may be ac...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Yao Chi, Xin-Jia Zhang, Teng Lei, Xiao-Wei Wang and Shu-Sheng Liu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:32

    Content type: Research

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  26. Polyadenylation influences many aspects of mRNA as well as viral RNA. variable polyadenylation at the 3' end have been reported in RNA viruses. It is interesting to identify the characteristic and potential ro...

    Authors: Guowei Geng, Chengming Yu, Xiangdong Li and Xuefeng Yuan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:23

    Content type: Short report

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  27. Infectious cDNA clones are a powerful tool for studies on RNA viruses using reverse genetics. Potato virus S (PVS) is a carlavirus with a worldwide distribution. Although the complete genome sequences of many ...

    Authors: Xin Li and Tatsuji Hataya

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:18

    Content type: Research

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  28. Tomato torrado virus (ToTV) infection manifests with burn-like symptoms on leaves, leaflets and upper stem parts of susceptible infected plants. The symptoms caused by ToTV may be considered as one of the most se...

    Authors: Przemysław Wieczorek, Barbara Wrzesińska, Patryk Frąckowiak, Arnika Przybylska and Aleksandra Obrępalska-Stęplowska

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:9

    Content type: Research

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  29. Tospoviruses (genus Tospovirus, family Peribunyaviridae, order Bunyavirales) cause significant losses to a wide range of agronomic and horticultural crops worldwide. Identification and characterization of specifi...

    Authors: Cristian Olaya, Badri Adhikari, Gaurav Raikhy, Jianlin Cheng and Hanu R. Pappu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:7

    Content type: Research

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  30. Hevea brasiliensis is an important commercial crop due to the high quality of the latex it produces; however, little is known about viral infections in this plant. The only virus described to infect H. brasiliens...

    Authors: Paula L. C. Fonseca, Fernanda Badotti, Tatiana F. P. de Oliveira, Antônio Fonseca, Aline B. M. Vaz, Luiz M. R. Tomé, Jônatas S. Abrahão, João T. Marques, Giliane S. Trindade, Priscila Chaverri, Eric R. G. R. Aguiar and Aristóteles Góes-Neto

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:184

    Content type: Research

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  31. Viral disease has become the most severe constraint for the cultivation and production of Passiflora edulis in China. The infection of Telosma mosaic virus (TeMV), a potyvirus, and its effects on the phytochemica...

    Authors: Shuangshuang Chen, Nannan Yu, Shaohuan Yang, Baoping Zhong and Hanhong Lan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:168

    Content type: Research

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  32. The non-translated regions at the genome ends of RNA viruses serve diverse functions and can exhibit various levels of nucleotide (nt) heterogeneity. However, the extent of nt heterogeneity at the extreme term...

    Authors: Angel Y. S. Chen, Shizu Watanabe, Raymond Yokomi and James C. K. Ng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:141

    Content type: Research

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  33. Tobacco curly shoot virus (TbCSV) is a monopartite begomovirus associated with betasatellite (Tobacco curly shoot betasatellite, TbCSB), which causes serious leaf curl disease on tomato and tobacco in China. It i...

    Authors: Ke Li, Gentu Wu, Mingjun Li, Mingge Ma, Jiang Du, Miao Sun, Xianchao Sun and Ling Qing

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:138

    Content type: Research

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  34. Geminiviruses cause major losses to several economically important crops. Pedilanthus leaf curl virus (PeLCV) is a pathogenic geminivirus that appeared in the last decade and is continuously increasing its host r...

    Authors: Sara Shakir, Muhammad Shah Nawaz-ul-Rehman, Muhammad Mubin and Zulfiqar Ali

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:134

    Content type: Research

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  35. Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has a viral aetiology and is caused by viruses belonging to the genus Ipomovirus (family Potyviridae), Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus ...

    Authors: Esperance Munganyinka, Paolo Margaria, Samar Sheat, Elijah M. Ateka, Fred Tairo, Joseph Ndunguru and Stephan Winter

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:128

    Content type: Methodology

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  36. Rice stripe virus (RSV) belongs to the genus Tenuivirus. It is transmitted by small brown planthoppers in a persistent and circulative-propagative manner and causes rice stripe disease (RSD). The NS3 protein of R...

    Authors: Gentu Wu, Guixian Zheng, Qiao Hu, Mingge Ma, Mingjun Li, Xianchao Sun, Fei Yan and Ling Qing

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:105

    Content type: Research

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  37. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV), a bipartite crinivirus, causes chlorotic leaf spots and yellowing symptoms on cucurbit leaves. We previously developed an infectious clone of CCYV. Limited work has been c...

    Authors: Ying Wei, Xiaoyu Han, Zhenyue Wang, Qinsheng Gu, Honglian Li, Linlin Chen, Bingjian Sun and Yan Shi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:93

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Maize lethal necrosis is caused by a synergistic co-infection of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a specific member of the Potyviridae, such as Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSM...

    Authors: Mwathi Jane Wamaitha, Deepti Nigam, Solomon Maina, Francesca Stomeo, Anne Wangai, Joyce Njoki Njuguna, Timothy A. Holton, Bramwel W. Wanjala, Mark Wamalwa, Tanui Lucas, Appolinaire Djikeng and Hernan Garcia-Ruiz

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:90

    Content type: Research

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  39. In China, the rice pathogen Rice yellow stunt virus (RYSV), a member of the genus Nucleorhabdovirus in the family Rhabdoviridae, was a severe threat to rice production during the1960s and1970s. Fundamental aspect...

    Authors: Haitao Wang, Juan Wang, Yunjie Xie, Zhijun Fu, Taiyun Wei and Xiao-Feng Zhang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:72

    Content type: Research

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  40. The Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV) was first reported in the 1980s, having its occurrence limited to Brazil and Argentina. Due to an apparent mild severity in the past, molecular studies concerning TCSV we...

    Authors: Reina Teresa Martínez, Mariana Martins Severo de Almeida, Rosalba Rodriguez, Athos Silva de Oliveira, Fernando Lucas Melo and Renato Oliveira Resende

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:24

    Content type: Short Report

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  41. Tomato zonate spot virus (TZSV), a new species of genus Tospovirus, caused significant losses in yield and problems in quality of many important vegetables and ornamentals in Southwest China and posed a serious t...

    Authors: Yanbing Niu, Defu Wang, Liyan Cui, Baoxia Wang, Xiaojing Pang and Peixia Yu

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:15

    Content type: Research

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  42. Plant viruses in agricultural crops are of great concern worldwide, and over 75% of them are transmitted from infected to healthy plants by insect vectors. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a begomovirus, ...

    Authors: Liang Geng, Li-Xin Qian, Ruo-Xuan Shao, Yin-Quan Liu, Shu-Sheng Liu and Xiao-Wei Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:14

    Content type: Research

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  43. Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) of the genus Sobemovirus is the most important viral pathogen of rice causing more damage to rice crop in Sub Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to conduct pathogenic charac...

    Authors: Regis Dimitri Sokpe Longue, Valentin Stanislas Edgar Traore, Innocent Zinga, Maxwell Darko Asante, Zakaria Bouda, James Bouma Neya, Nicolas Barro and Oumar Traore

    Citation: Virology Journal 2018 15:6

    Content type: Research

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  44. Small RNA (sRNA) associated gene regulation has been shown to play a significant role during plant-pathogen interaction. In commercial citrus orchards co-infection of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) and viroids oc...

    Authors: Marike Visser, Glynnis Cook, Johan T. Burger and Hans J. Maree

    Citation: Virology Journal 2017 14:200

    Content type: Research

    Published on: