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Emerging viruses

Section Editor: Tom Geisbert, University of Texas Medical Branch, USA 
Deputy Section Editor: Chad Mire, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, USA 

The Emerging viruses section of Virology Journal includes studies covering all aspects of new and reemerging viruses that cause severe and/or lethal diseases in humans and animals. Examples of these viruses include filoviruses (Ebola, Marburg), henipaviruses (Nipah, Hendra), Lassa virus, Lujo virus, South American hemorrhagic fever viruses (Junin, Machupo, Guanarito, Chapare, Sabia), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus, hantaviruses, SARS coronavirus, MERS coronavirus, tick-borne encephalitis viruses, and Zika virus. Topics of interest include but are not limited to virus discovery, mechanisms of virus entry, assembly, protein translation, transcription and replication, pathogenesis, immunology, ecology, and epidemiology. Basic and translational research on the development of preventive vaccines and antiviral drugs and therapeutic interventions is particularly welcome.

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  1. Dengue fever is a tropical infectious disease caused by dengue virus (DENV), a single positive-stranded RNA Flavivirus. There is no published evidence of dengue in Zambia. The objective of the study was to det...

    Authors: Mazyanga Lucy Mazaba-Liwewe, Seter Siziya, Mwaka Monze, Idah Mweene-Ndumba, Freddie Masaninga, Peter Songolo, Costantine Malama, Elizabeth Chizema, Peter Mwaba and Olusegun A Babaniyi

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:135

    Content type: Research

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  2. Virus taxonomy at present is best characterized as a categorization of convenience, without a firm basis in the principles of evolutionary biology. Specifically, virus species definitions appear to depend more...

    Authors: A Townsend Peterson

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:131

    Content type: Commentary

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  3. Nipah virus and Hendra virus are closely related and following natural or experimental exposure induce similar clinical disease. In humans, encephalitis is the most serious outcome of infection and, hitherto, ...

    Authors: Johanna Dups, Deborah Middleton, Fenella Long, Rachel Arkinstall, Glenn A Marsh and Lin-Fa Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:102

    Content type: Research

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  4. The family Mesoniviridae (order Nidovirales) comprises of a group of positive-sense, single-stranded RNA ([+]ssRNA) viruses isolated from mosquitoes.

    Authors: Nikos Vasilakis, Hilda Guzman, Cadhla Firth, Naomi L Forrester, Steven G Widen, Thomas G Wood, Shannan L Rossi, Elodie Ghedin, Vsevolov Popov, Kim R Blasdell, Peter J Walker and Robert B Tesh

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:97

    Content type: Research

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  5. Public health risks associated to infection by human coronaviruses remain considerable and vaccination is a key option for preventing the resurgence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)....

    Authors: Ming Shum Yip, Nancy Hiu Lan Leung, Chung Yan Cheung, Ping Hung Li, Horace Hok Yeung Lee, Marc Daëron, Joseph Sriyal Malik Peiris, Roberto Bruzzone and Martial Jaume

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:82

    Content type: Research

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  6. The SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 3a protein functions as an ion channel, induces apoptosis and is important for viral pathogenesis. It is expressed on the cell surface and contains a tyrosine-based sorting moti...

    Authors: Rinki Minakshi and Kartika Padhan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:75

    Content type: Research

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  7. PKV is a new emerging pathogen detected in diarrhea pigs. At present, no more detection methods were reported except RT-PCR method. this study was to develop a fast diagnostic method based on the LAMP reaction...

    Authors: Changlong Li, Jianfei Chen, Hongyan Shi, Xin Zhang, Da Shi, Xiao Han, Yanbin Chi and Li Feng

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:73

    Content type: Short report

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  8. The RGD motif in the mosquito-borne flaviviruses envelope protein domain III (EDIII) FG loop was shown to bind negatively charged cellular molecules and mediate virus entry in mammals. However, its importance ...

    Authors: Yan-Jang S Huang, John T Nuckols, Kate M Horne, Dana Vanlandingham, Mario Lobigs and Stephen Higgs

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:60

    Content type: Short report

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  9. Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV), a rhabdovirus of the genus Lyssavirus which circulates in both pteropid fruit bats and insectivorous bats in mainland Australia, has caused three fatal human infections, the most...

    Authors: Dawn L Weir, Eric D Laing, Ina L Smith, Lin-Fa Wang and Christopher C Broder

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:40

    Content type: Research

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  10. Hantaviruses are single-stranded RNA viruses, which are transmitted to humans primarily via inhalation of aerosolised virus in contaminated rodent urine and faeces. Whilst infected reservoir hosts are asymptom...

    Authors: Tatiana Dupinay, Kieran C Pounder, Florence Ayral, Maria-Halima Laaberki, Denise A Marston, Sandra Lacôte, Catherine Rey, Fabienne Barbet, Katja Voller, Nicolas Nazaret, Marc Artois, Philippe Marianneau, Joel Lachuer, Anthony R Fooks, Michel Pépin, Catherine Legras-Lachuer…

    Citation: Virology Journal 2014 11:32

    Content type: Research

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  11. The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes symptoms similar to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV), yet involving an additional component of acute renal failure (AR...

    Authors: Isabella Eckerle, Marcel A Müller, Stephan Kallies, Daniel N Gotthardt and Christian Drosten

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:359

    Content type: Short report

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  12. Nipah virus (NiV) is a highly pathogenic zoonotic agent in the family Paramyxoviridae that is maintained in nature by bats. Outbreaks have occurred in Malaysia, Singapore, India, and Bangladesh and have been asso...

    Authors: Chad E Mire, Krista M Versteeg, Robert W Cross, Krystle N Agans, Karla A Fenton, Michael A Whitt and Thomas W Geisbert

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:353

    Content type: Research

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  13. Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, was first identified in October 2011 in dairy cattle in Germany, where it caused fever, diarrhea and a drop in milk yield. Since then,...

    Authors: Melina Fischer, Horst Schirrmeier, Kerstin Wernike, Anne Wegelt, Martin Beer and Bernd Hoffmann

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:327

    Content type: Research

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  14. Although human torque teno viruses (TTVs) were first discovered in 1997, still many associated aspects are not clarified yet. The viruses reveal a remarkable heterogeneity and it is possible that some genotype...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Jazaeri Farsani, Maarten F Jebbink, Martin Deijs, Marta Canuti, Karel A van Dort, Margreet Bakker, Bart PX Grady, Maria Prins, Formijn J van Hemert, Neeltje A Kootstra and Lia van der Hoek

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:323

    Content type: Research

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  15. Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito borne flavivirus is a pathogen affecting humans in Asia and Africa. ZIKV infection diagnosis relies on serology–which is challenging due to cross-reactions with other flaviviruses...

    Authors: Oumar Faye, Ousmane Faye, Diawo Diallo, Mawlouth Diallo, Manfred Weidmann and Amadou Alpha Sall

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:311

    Content type: Research

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  16. The newly emerged Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that first appeared in Saudi Arabia during the summer of 2012 has to date (20th September 2013) caused 58 human deaths. MERS-CoV utiliz...

    Authors: Jie Cui, John-Sebastian Eden, Edward C Holmes and Lin-Fa Wang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:304

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Acute gastroenteritis caused by bacteria, virus and parasite is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Rotavirus and norovirus have been recognized as the most common ...

    Authors: Lintao Sai, Jintang Sun, Lihua Shao, Shuai Chen, Haihong Liu and Lixian Ma

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:302

    Content type: Research

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  18. Porcine kobuvirus (PKoV) is a member of the Kobuvirus genus within the Picornaviridae family. PKoV is distributed worldwide with high prevalence in clinically healthy pigs and those with diarrhea.

    Authors: Lei Chen, Ling Zhu, Yuan-cheng Zhou, Zhi-wen Xu, Wan-zhu Guo and Wen-yu Yang

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:281

    Content type: Research

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  19. Even though dengue has been recognized as one of the major public health threats in Pakistan, the understanding of its molecular epidemiology is still limited. The genotypic diversity of Dengue virus (DENV) se...

    Authors: Carmen Koo, Amna Nasir, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Kim-Sung Lee, Zahra Hasan, Lee-Ching Ng and Erum Khan

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:275

    Content type: Research

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  20. Evidence points to the emergence of a novel human coronavirus, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which causes a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-like disease. In response, the de...

    Authors: Guangyu Zhao, Lanying Du, Cuiqing Ma, Ye Li, Lin Li, Vincent KM Poon, Lili Wang, Fei Yu, Bo-Jian Zheng, Shibo Jiang and Yusen Zhou

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:266

    Content type: Methodology

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  21. Nipah virus (NiV) is a zoonotic virus belonging to the henipavirus genus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Since NiV was first identified in 1999, outbreaks have continued to occur in humans in Bangladesh and India ...

    Authors: Jackie A Pallister, Reuben Klein, Rachel Arkinstall, Jessica Haining, Fenella Long, John R White, Jean Payne, Yan-Ru Feng, Lin-Fa Wang, Christopher C Broder and Deborah Middleton

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:237

    Content type: Research

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  22. Usutu virus (USUV), a flavivirus belonging to the Japanese encephalitis serocomplex, was identified in South Africa in 1959 and reported for the first time in Europe in 2001. To date, full length genome sequen...

    Authors: Birgit Nikolay, Anne Dupressoir, Cadhla Firth, Ousmane Faye, Cheikh S Boye, Mawlouth Diallo and Amadou A Sall

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:217

    Content type: Research

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  23. CHIKV is a mosquito-borne emerging pathogen that has a major health impact in humans in tropical zones around the globe. A new variant of the virus, E1-A226V caused a large outbreak in the Indian Ocean islands...

    Authors: De Wu, Yonghui Zhang, Qiong ZhouHui, Jing Kou, Wenjia Liang, Huan Zhang, Corina Monagin, Qiaoli Zhang, Wenjie Li, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Hui Li, Songwu Cai, Changwen Ke and Jinyan Lin

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:174

    Content type: Research

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  24. Guided by decades-old reports of hantaviral antigens in the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus) and the Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens) in European Russia, we employed RT-PCR to analyze lung tissues of so...

    Authors: Se Hun Gu, Janusz Markowski, Hae Ji Kang, Janusz Hejduk, Beata Sikorska, Paweł P Liberski and Richard Yanagihara

    Citation: Virology Journal 2013 10:160

    Content type: Short report

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