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Table 3 Mean ± standard deviation (pg/mL) values of cytokines in each group

From: Cytokine profile during occult hepatitis B virus infection in chronic hepatitis C patients

  IL-17A IFN-Y TNF-α IL-10 IL-6 IL-4 IL-2
OBI/HCV group 5.58 ± 4.96a,b 2.92 ± 4.46 16.87 ± 32.61 2.34 ± 2.33a 18.99 ± 22.39a,b 11.63 ± 13.43a 4.76 ± 7.35
Control group 9.76 ± 3.00a 0.35 ± 0.32 0.78 ± 1.60 0.53 ± 0.78a 1.12 ± 1.06a 2.31 ± 1.22a 0.37 ± 0.53
HBV group 11.26 ± 5.69b 0.28 ± 0.65 5.32 ± 8.97 2.41 ± 3.84 3.11 ± 4.04b 5.16 ± 5.72 3.01 ± 4.83
  1. To know the difference between the groups, the Mann–Whitney nonparametric test was used. Equal letters show groups with statistically significant mean difference