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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies to estimate the pooled effect of HPV among HIV-infected women in LMICs

From: Molecular epidemiology of human papillomavirus among HIV infected women in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis

First author Year Study setting Study location Continent Study design Sample size HPV prevalence HR HPV prevalence LR HPV prevalence Age category in years and proportion of HPV Mean age in years Median age in years Age range in years
Veldhuijzen et al. [36] 2011 Health facility Rwanda Africa Cross sectional and cohort 192 139 98 105 < 30 years = 56%,
≥ 30 years = 43.1%
  27 ≥ 18
Sinayobye et al. [37] 2014 District Hospital Rwanda Africa Cross sectional 1228   390   30–34 = 46.8%,
35–39 = 27.9%,
40–44 = 28.1%,
45–49 = 25.7%,
50–61 = 26.4%
40   30–60
Rocha-Brischiliari et al. [38] 2014 Health Facility Brazil South America Standardized questionnaireaand medical record review 178 83 57 26 18–30 = 60.7%,
31–40 = 43.3%,
> 40 = 44.4%
18–66
Bollen et al. [43] 2006 Bangkok hospitals Thailand Asia Medical records review 256 91 60   < 20 = 34.5%,
20–25 = 41.2%,
25–30 = 32.1%,
> 30 = 25.7%
  25 17–39
McDonald et al. [44] 2014 clinic site South Africa Africa Cohort 1371 718    17–29 = 56.5%,
30–39 = 53.6%,
40–65 = 33.3%
  34 17–65
Firnhaber et al. [45] 2010 teaching hospital South Africa Africa Cross-sectional 1010 191      34 18–65
Firnhaber et al. [46] 2009 teaching hospital South Africa Africa Cohort 148 141 123    36   18–65
Nweke et al. [41] 2013 Gynecologic outpatient clinic Nigeria Africa Cross-sectional 98 45 37    36.8   ≥ 18
Denny et al. [47] 2008 Primary health care clinic and colposcopy clinic South Africa Africa Longitudinal cohort study 400   269    29.1   18–54
Akarolo-Anthony et al. [42] 2013 Hospital Nigeria Africa Cross-sectional 149   53    36.6   ≥ 18
Sahasrabuddhe et al. [48] 2007 University Teaching Hospita Zambia Africa Cross sectional 145 141 131 87   36.2   
Rousseau et al. [49] 2006 public health facility Burkina Faso Africa Cross-sectional 126 110 89 21    28 16–54
Helen [52] 2017 HIV treatment centers Burkina Faso and South Africa Africa Prospective cohort 1238 1151 842 109    35 ≥ 15
Hawes et al. [23] 2003 Infectious-disease clinic Senegal Africa Colposcopically directed cervical biopsy specimens 426 289 222    33.6   > 15
Mattos et al. [39] 2011 (STI/AIDS) clinic Vitoria, Brazil South America Descriptive study 112 33 18 15    29 14–51
Nicol et al. [40] 2013 Institute of clinical research, Hospital and HIV VCT Brazil South America Cross sectional 532 369     37.7   
Sagna et al. [35] 2010 Medical center Burkina Faso Africa   156 91     33.65   19–45
Munoz et al. [51] 2013 Health facility Colombia South America Cross sectional 194 136    20–34 years = 65 (73.9%),
35–49 years = 42 (60%),
≥ 50 years = 29(80.6%)
38   
Camargo et al. [50] 2014 Hospital based Colombia South America Cross-sectional 216 149     37.5   20–73
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