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Table 4 Meta- analysis of the risk factors associated with HBV–HIV co-infection among pregnant mothers on ANC

From: Sero-prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus–hepatitis B virus (HIV–HBV) co-infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the associated risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Risk factor Category Number Analysis P value
Proportion % (95%CI)
Age
   < 25 years 4 24.347 (7.42 to 47.074)  
   ≥ 25 years 4 75.635 (52.956 to 92.58)  < 0.001*
Marital status
  Married 6 68.94 (57.89 to 83.689)  
  Unmarried 6 24.36 (14.044 to 36.456)  < 0.001*
Level of education
  Below secondary 6 35.52 (15.73 to 58.345)  
  Secondary & above 6 63.458 (40.44 to 83.617)  < 0.001*
Employment
  Employed 5 70.756 (47.657 to 89.26)  
  Unemployed 5 25.193 (9.212 to 45.792)  < 0.001*
Gravidity Primagravida 2 25.504 (0.757 to 83.0)  
  Multigravida 2 74.496 (16.99 to 99.243) 0.0546
  1. *P value < 0.05 is considered statistically significant