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Table 3 Risk factor meta-analysis for HBV–HIV co-infection pooled risk difference estimation among ANC attendees

From: Sero-prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus–hepatitis B virus (HIV–HBV) co-infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the associated risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Risk factor No Analysis
Risk difference (95% CI) P value Z score I2 (%) (95%CI) P het
Age 4 − 0.517 (− 0.942 to − 0.0916) 0.017 2.382 91.44 (81.24 to 96.10)  < 0.0001
Marital status 6 0.432 (0.177 to 0.687) 0.01 3.321 81.57 (60.62 to 91.37)  = 0.0001
Educ. level 6 − .289 (− 0.764 to 0.185) 0.232 1.192 95.65 (92.80 to 97.38)  < 0.0001
Employment 5 0.39 (0.0136 to 0.775) 0.042 2.030 92.90 (86.39 to 96.26)  < 0.0001
Gravidity 2 0.386 (− 1.007 to 1.778) 0.587 0.543 95.1 (85.33 to 98.36)  < 0.0001