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Table 3 Overview of viruses used in the current study

From: Author Correction: In vitro virucidal activity of Echinaforce®, an Echinacea purpurea preparation, against coronaviruses, including common cold coronavirus 229E and SARS-CoV-2

Name Strain Propagated in Medium* Procured from
HCoV 229E Huh-7, 33 °C DMEM + 5%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) Prof. Volker Thiel, University of Bern, Switzerland (24, 25)
MERS-CoV EMC Vero, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) Prof. Volker Thiel, University of Bern, Switzerland (24, 25)
SARS-CoV Frankfurt-1 Vero, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) Prof. Volker Thiel, University of Bern, Switzerland (24, 25)
SARS-CoV-2 BetaCoV/France/IDF0372/2020 Vero E6, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) Institute Pasteur, Paris, France via EVAg, European Virus Archive
Mouse parvovirus MVM Prototype, ATCC-1346 A9, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) The National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses, UK
Yellow Fever virus 17D,
NCPV-0507
Vero, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) The National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses, UK
Vaccinia virus Elstree (Lister Vaccine), ATCC-VR-1549 Vero, 37 °C DMEM + 2%FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) The National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses, UK