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Table 2 Overview of cell lines used in the current study

From: In vitro virucidal activity of Echinaforce®, an Echinacea purpurea preparation, against coronaviruses, including common cold coronavirus 229E and SARS-CoV-2

Name Animal Tissue Mediuma Procured from
Huh-7 Human Liver DMEM + 10% FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) Prof. Volker Thiel, University of Bern, Switzerland
Vero (CRL 81 TM) African Green Monkey Kidney MEM + 10% FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) ATCC (Manassas, VA, 20110 USA)
Vero E6 (C1008) African Green Monkey Kidney MEM + 10% FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) ATCC (Manassas, VA, 20110 USA)
A9 (85011426) Mouse Areolar adipose tissue DMEM + 10% FBS, 2 mM Glutamine, non-essential amino acids, Pen/strep, HEPES (Biochrom, Germany) ECACC (Public Health England, Salisbury, UK)
  1. All cells were cultured at 37 °C without CO2
  2. aDulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM), Minimum Essential Medium (MEM), Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS), Penicillin/Streptomycin (Pen/Strep, 100 U/mL)
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