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Table 3 Detection of 11 types of pathogens according to specimen type

From: Comparing the yield of oropharyngeal swabs and sputum for detection of 11 common pathogens in hospitalized children with lower respiratory tract infection

Pathogens No. of positive sputum and/or OPSa Sputum (%) OPS (%) P value kappa value
HRV 137 131 (96) 114 (83) <.001 0.836
RSV 124 121 (98) 111 (92) <.001 0.906
Influenza A 74 73 (99) 68 (92) <.001 0.941
HMPV 72 69 (96) 65 (90) <.001 0.912
HPIV 34 33 (97) 28 (82) <.001 0.877
Influenza B 35 31 (89) 32 (91) <.001 0.880
Adenovirus 23 20 (87) 19 (83) <.001 0.812
M. pneumoniae 20 20 (100) 9 (45) <.001 0.610
HCoV 17 15 (88) 14 (82) <.001 0.822
HBoV 14 14 (100) 12 (86) <.001 0.921
C. pneumoniae 14 12 (86) 4 (29) <.001 0.240
  1. aColumn total adds to more than the number of ARIs with any pathogen present, because children with more than 1 pathogen identified are also recorded
  2. HRV indicates human rhinovirus, RSV respiratory syncytial virus, HMPV human metapneumovirus, HPIV human parainfluenza virus, HCoV human coronavirus, HBoV human bocavirus