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Table 3 RDSa-adjusted prevalence and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of factors associated with HBVb HCVc and HTLVd 1&2 infection among men who have sex with men in Ouagadougou

From: Hepatitis B, C, and D virus and human T-cell leukemia virus types 1 and 2 infections and correlates among men who have sex with men in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Variables n HBV infection HCV infection HTLV1&2 infection
Positive ORe (95% CIf) p AORg (95% CI) p Positive OR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p Positive OR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p
Current age (years)
 18–20 78 17.7 1     07.3 1     3.9 1    
 20–24 196 19.6 1.13 (0.57–2.23) 0.724   13.3 1.96 (0.76–5.04) 0.162 2.07 (0.80–5.33) 0.131 4.1 1.05 (0.27–4.10) 0.943
 25–29 35 23.1 1.14 (0.52–3.75) 0.502   02.9 0.37 (0.04–3.33) 0.381 0.0 1    
 > = 30 20 35.9 2.60 (0.86–7.87) 0.089 0.76 (0.11–4.94) 0.774 16.4 2.50 (0.55–11.20) 0.230 10.9 3.01 (0.46–19.65) 0.248
Total 329 20.4      11.0      4.0     
Country of birth
 Burkina Faso 272 20.7 1     09.9 1     4.1 1    
 Other countries 57 18.8 0.88 (0.42–1.83) 0.742   16.0 1.73 (0.76–3.94) 0.186 1.88 (0.78–4.50) 0.153 3.6 0.86 (0.18–4.04) 0.853
Childhood environment
 Urban 288 20.0 1     10.8 1     4.2 1    
 Rural 27 32.3 1.91 (0.80–4.51) 0.140 1.46 (0.53–3.98) 0.452 15.1 1.46 (0.47–4.55) 0.504 3.8 0.88 (0.11–7.17) 0.910
Highest educational level
 None or primary 25 24.4 1     04.1 1     4.1 1    
 Secondary 239 16.2 0.60 (0.22–1.62) 0.319   11.7 3.11 (0.40–24.17) 0.277 4.2 1.04 (0.13–8.58) 0.970
 University 65 34.5 1.58 (0.54–4.57) 0.393   11.0 2.90 (0.33–25.23) 0.332 3.1 0.76 (0.06–8.93) 0.830
Occupation
 Student/pupil 236 17.9 1     12.2 1     3.8 1    
 Employed 72 28.4 1.84 (01.0–3.40) 0.051 1.64 (0.60–4.47) 0.331 05.7 0.43 (0.14–1.29) 0.134 0.22 (0.03–1.38) 0.109 2.9 0.73 (0.15–3.51) 0.700
 Unemployed 21 21.2 1.07 (0.36–3.36) 0.907    14.3 1.19 (0.32–4.34) 0.784    9.5 (0.52–13.16) 0.238
Marital status
 Single 310 19.1 1     10.9 1     3.9 1    
 Other* 18 42.0 3.03 (1.16–7.86) 0.023 1.44 (0.30–6.80) 0.640 11.3 1.03 (0.22–4.72) 0.964 5.6 1.79 (0.21–14.88) 0.589
Number of biological children
 0 305 20.5 1     10.5 1     4.0     
 > = 1 24 20.1 0.98 (0.98–2.78) 0.972   17.6 1.82 (0.58–5.73) 0.299 4.4 1.11 (0.14–9.04) 0.921
Sexual orientation
 Gay/homosexual 236 20.1 1     10.3 1     3.0 1    
 Bisexual 21 30.5 1.58 (0.57–4.31) 0.370   19.0 2.05 (0.63–6.64) 0.229 4.8 1.62 (0.18–13.96) 0.661 3.31 (0.22–47.9) 0.378
 Transgender 72 18.4 0.90 (0.46–1.78) 0.782   10.8 1.05 (0.44–2.48) 0.904 7.1 2.47 (0.75–8.11) 0.133 2.29 (0.27–19.0) 0.440
Anal sex position
 Receptive 19 26.9 1     10.8 1     0.0     
 Insertive 310 20.1 0.67 (0.23–1.97) 0.477   11.0 1.02 (0.22–4.65) 0.979 5.0
Past 12 month STI symptoms
 No 311 19.4 I     11.3 1     2.9 1    
 Yes 18 37.4 2.47 (0.91–6.73) 0.075 1.03 (0.24–4.32) 0.964 05.7 0.47 (0.06–3.72) 0.478 22.8 9.76 (2.65–35.89) 0.001 14.19 (2.88–69.8) 0.001
Vaccinated against HBV
 No 264 22.4 1     10.2 1     3.1 1    
 Yes 51 15.8 0.65 (0.28–1.46) 0.299   13.8 1.41 (0.57–3.46) 0.450 5.9 5.25 (0.50–7.81) 0.324
 Don’t know 14 1     14.3 1.46 (0.30–6.95) 0.630 14.3 5.25 (1.00–27.70) 0.051 2.02 (0.28–14.34) 0.477
Type of sexual partners in the last 12 months
 Only males 201 19.8 1     12.9 1     2.0 1    
 Males and females 127 21.5 2.29 (1.22–4.30) 0.010 220 (0.83–5.78) 0.108 07.9 0.57 (0.26–1.25) 0.164 0.98 (0.39–2.40) 0.977 6.3 3.27 (0.96–11.19) 0.058 3.13 (0.92–10.64) 0.068
Ever experienced condom tearing during anal sex
 No 218 17.4 1     12.0 1     4.6 1    
 Yes 106 27.8 1.81 (1.04–3.16) 0.035 2.37 (1.21–4.67) 0.012 09.2 0.74 (0.34–1.61) 0.454 2.9 0.61 (0.16–2.29) 0.467  
Condom use at last anal sex with a regular male partner
 No 54 29.9 1     05.6 1     9.3 1    
 Yes 240 16.6 0.46 (0.23–0.92) 0.029 0.41 (0.18–0.93) 0.033 11.2 2.13 (0.61–7.36) 0.230 2.1 0.21 (0.06–0.75) 0.017 0.24 (0.03–1.77) 0.163
Condom use at last anal sex with a casual male partner
 No 34 17.9 1     11.8 1     8.9 1    
 Yes 224 19.2 1.09 (0.42–2.81) 0.857   10.3 0.86 (0.27–2.68) 0.795 3.6 0.38 (0.05–1.53) 0.175 0.50 (0.08–3.10) 0.456
HIV status
 Positive 10 40.0 1     11.0 1     0.0    
 Negative 319 20.1 0.37 (0.10–1.38) 0.141 0.35 (0.06–1.85) 0.218 10.0 1.10 (0.13–9.11) 0.923 4.1
Ever injected drugs
 No 323 20.5 1     11.2      3.8 1
 Yes 6 16.7 0.78 (0.08–6.83) 0.819   0.0   16.7 5.11 (0.55–47.77) 0.152 7.19 (1.12–46.25) 0.038
  1. aRDS Respondent driven sampling
  2. bHBV Hepatitis B virus
  3. cHCV Hepatitis C virus
  4. dHTLV Human T-cell leukemia virus
  5. eOR Odds ratio
  6. fCI Confidence interval
  7. gAOR Adjusted odds ratio