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Table 1 Efficacy of different non-terminal sampling methods for detecting Poecivirus in black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) exhibiting signs of avian keratin disorder (AKD-affected) and in asymptomatic controls

From: Avian keratin disorder of Alaska black-capped chickadees is associated with Poecivirus infection

  Positive overall cloacal swab buccal swab blood sample fecal sample
AKD-affected 28/28 (100%) 27/28 (96.4%) 3/21 (14.3%) 0/13 0/4
Asymptomatic control 9/96 (9.4%) 5/96 (5.2%) 4/75 (5.3%) NA NA
  1. NA = not applicable