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Table 4 Multivariate analysis showing independent risk factors for anti-HEV IgM and anti-HEV IgG among HIV-positive subjects

From: Prevalence and risk of hepatitis E virus infection in the HIV population of Nepal

Risk Factors Odds Ratio for Anti-HEV IgM, 95% CI P value Odds Ratio for Anti-HEV IgG, 95% CI P valueγ
CD4+ count >200cells/μl 5.109 [1.624–16.070] 0.005* 0.67 [.333–1.36] 0.273
Anti HCV Positive status 0.018 [0.006–0.056] <0.001* 5.35 [2.44–11.69] <0.001*
Residing in Kathmandu Valley 44.31 [14.507–135.353] <0.001* 37.73 [20.98–67.87] <0.001*
HIV viral load > 3log cps/ml 3.045 [1.25–7.39] <0.001* 4.43 [1.67–11.73] 0.001*
  1. CI- Confidence interval
  2. *Significant association between risk factor and presence of anti-HEV IgM in serum of HIV-positive patients
  3. γassociation between risk factor and presence of anti-HEV IgG in serum of HIV-positive patients