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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate analysis of gender, age, and biochemical profile in reference to genotypes 1 and 4a

From: Hepatitis C virus genotypes in Saudi Arabia: a future prediction and laboratory profile

Variables OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value
Age (reference <50 years) 0.976 0.615–1.547 0.916
Gender (reference female) 1.858 1.243–2.777 0.003 1.697 1.152–2.499 0.007
Moderate viremia (Low viremia reference) 1.800 1.119–2.893 0.015 1.836 1.149–2.934 0.011
High viremia (Low viremia reference) 3.157 1.897–5.253 0.000 3.116 1.887–5.144 0.001
AST (normal level as reference) 1.907 1.172–3.104 0.009
ALT (normal level as reference) 0.586 0.365–0.942 0.027
ALP (normal level as reference) 0.949 0.565–1.593 0.842
Total Bilirubin (normal level as reference) 1.026 0.625–1.684 0.920
  1. aGenotype 4 as reference; OR unadjusted odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence Interval, AST Aspartate aminotransaminase, ALT Alanine transaminase, ALP Alkaline phosphates
  2. Viremia or viral load is usually interpreted with magnitude of the virus in international unit per each milliliter of blood. Thus, it could be classified as low Viremia with magnitude of <200.000 IU/ml; moderate Viremia with the range from 200.000 IU/ml to 2000.000 IU/ml; and high Viremia with amount higher than 2000.000 IU/ml [58]