Rice stripe virus (RSV) infection in Arabidopsis thaliana. a The left panel shows symptom of A. thaliana plants inoculated with RSV, and the right panel shows the mock-inoculated plants. b RSV accumulation was estimated in Arabidopsis plants using Western blotting with a RSV specific antibody. The actin protein level served as a loading control. c qRT-PCR for expression of RSV CP and SP genes in infected Arabidopsis plants. Signal intensities for each transcript were normalized with EF1-α and actin2.
d Accumulation of RSV titer in infected Arabidopsis plants by ELISA