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Fig. 3 | Virology Journal

Fig. 3

From: Newcastle disease virus infection in chicken embryonic fibroblasts but not duck embryonic fibroblasts is associated with elevated host innate immune response

Fig. 3

Proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta (a), IL-6 (b), LITAF (c) and chemokine IL-8 (d) expression in chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs) and duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) following infection with SS-10 and NH-10 or treatment with poly(I:C) at 6, 24 and 36 h p.i. Data represent the mean fold change expression of either CEFs and DEFs compared with mock-infected controls after normalization to the expression of the housekeeping gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase. Significance was analyzed with two-way analyses of variance between the SS-10 and NH-10 groups in CEFs and DEFs at each time point (*p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001). Error bars represent SD

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