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Table 2 Demographic data on 48 outpatients infected with human betacoronavirus in Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia, 2012-2013

From: Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary histories of human coronavirus OC43 and HKU1 among patients with upper respiratory tract infections in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  HCoV-OC43 (n = 26) HCoV-HKU1 (n = 22) P-Value
Gender
 Male 11(42.3 %) 8(36.4 %) 0.77
 Female 15(57.7 %) 14(63.6 %)  
Age    
 <40 9(34.6 %) 10(45.4 %) 0.33
 40–60 10(38.5 %) 4(18.2 %)  
 >60 7(26.9 %) 8(36.4 %)  
Symptoms
 Sneezing 21(80.8 %) 14(63.6 %) 0.99
 Nasal discharge 20(76.9 %) 19(86.4 %)  
 Nasal congestion 19(73.1 %) 14(63.6 %)  
 Headache 18(69.2 %) 16(72.7 %)  
 Sore throat 16(61.5 %) 14(63.6 %)  
 Hoarseness of voice 20(76.9 %) 18(81.8 %)  
 Muscle ache 17(65.4 %) 14(63.6 %)  
 Cough 23(88.5 %) 19(86.4 %)  
Ethnicity
 Malay 10(38.5 %) 10(45.4 %) 0.19
 Chinese 3(11.5 %) 6(27.3 %)  
 Indian 13(50.0 %) 6(27.3 %)  
 Others 0(0.0 %) 0(0.0 %)