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Table 1 Infectious agents detected among 83 university students with acute pharyngitis

From: Throat and nasal swabs for molecular detection of respiratory viruses in acute pharyngitis

  Flocked nasal swab sample Rayon throat swab sample Either sample
Rhinovirusa 18 16 22
Coronavirus 8 7 10
Influenza A virus 8 8 8
Metapneumovirus 4 2 4
Respiratory syncytial virus 2 0 2
Adenovirus 1 1 1
Parainfluenza virus 1 1 1
Influenza B virus 1 0 1
No. of samples (patients) with viruses detectedb 43 (43) 35 (34) 49 (48)
No. of patients with β-hemolytic streptococcib,c    20
  1. aOf 22 patients with enterovirus/rhinovirus-positive samples, 18 could be unambiguously subtyped with PCR and sequencing as rhinoviruses
  2. bEight patients had a viral–streptococcal co-infection. One patient had a viral co-infection of rhinovirus and coronavirus HKU1
  3. cBeta-hemolytic streptococci were detected by rapid antigen detection (group A) and/or culture (group A, C, and G) outside our study, during routine clinical care. Group A species were also detected within the study using PCR