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Table 2 Clinical observations in RV-positive children with URTI

From: Rhinovirus is an important pathogen in upper and lower respiratory tract infections in Mexican children

  Other virus (%) (n = 284) RV-positive (%) (n = 92) p-value a RV single infection (%) (n = 64) p-value a
Asthmab 50 (17.6) 19 (20.7) 0.512 14 (21.9) 0.426
Allergic rhinitisb 68 (23.9) 29 (31.5) 0.149 22 (34.4) 0.085
Rhinorrhea 232 (81.7) 83 (90.2) 0.05 57 (89.1) 0.156
Dysphagia 187 (65.8) 50 (55.3) 0.047 34 (53.1) 0.049
Cough 253 (89.1) 84 (91.3) 0.544 58 (90.6) 0.718
Nausea 66 (23.2) 13 (14.1) 0.062 10 (15.6) 0.183
Vomiting 74 (26.1) 12 (13.3) 0.01 7 (10.9) 0.01
Diarrhea 29 (10.2) 7 (7.6) 0.461 4 (6.3) 0.328
Headache 114 (41.5) 20 (21.7) 0.001 14 (21.9) 0.006
Myalgia/Arthralgia 85 (29.9) 11 (12.0) 0.001 9 (14.1) 0.01
Dysphonia 40 (14.1) 14 (15.2) 0.788 11 (17.2) 0.526
Nasal flaring 11 (3.9) 4 (4.3) 0.84 4 (6.3) 0.398
Intercostal retraction 36 (12.7) 10 (10.9) 0.646 9 (14.1) 0.765
Conjunctivitis 24 (8.5) 8 (8.7) 0.942 5 (7.8) 0.867
Xiphoid retraction 10 (2.5) 3 (3.3) 0.905 3 (4.7) 0.657
Thoracoabdominal dissociation 11 (3.9) 2 (2.2) 0.438 2 (3.1) 0.776
Dyspnea 38 (13.4) 11 (12.0) 0.724 10 (15.6) 0.638
Wheezing 53 (18.7) 14 (15.2) 0.453 12 (18.8) 0.987
Fever > =38 146 (51.4) 28 (29.3) 0.0001 17 (26.6) 0.0001
Increased heart ratec 25 (8.8) 3 (3.7) 0.078 2 (3.1) 0.125
Increased respiratory rate - tachypneac 148 (52.1) 39 (42.4) 0.105 28 (43.8) 0.227
  1. ap-values are between overall RV infections or RV in single infection and the presence of other respiratory virus. In bold are statistically significant differences.
  2. bPrevious condition.
  3. cAdjusted by age range.