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Table 3 Distribution of clinical presentation and microbial isolation

From: Respiratory viruses in children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory tract infection in Ghana

  Microbial Isolation  
Presentation None
(n = 85)
Virus
(n = 31)
Bacteria
(n = 10)
Bacteria & Viruses
(n = 2)
Total
(n = 128)
*p-value
Age(months) median(IQR) 12(5-25) 11(6-19) 17(8-24) 48(36-60) 128(100%) 0.282
Temperature median(IQR) 38(37.8-38.5) 38(37.7-38.6) 37.8(37.4-38.0) 37.8(37.4-38) 128(100%) 0.134
Duration of illness (days) median(IQR) 4 (3-6) 4(3-5) 6.5(4-14) 4.5(4-5) 4 (3-6) 0.187
Sex (male) n(%) 54(63.3) 20(64.5) 5(50.0) 2(100.0) 81(63.3) 0.668
Tachypnoea n (%) 61(71.8) 18(58.1) 6(60.0) 1(50.0) 86(67.2) 0.382
Chest recessions n (%) 80(94.1) 29(93.6) 9(90.0) 2(100.0) 120(93.4) 0.751
Wheeze n (%) 31(36.5) 14(45.2) 3(30.0) 2(100.0) 50(39.1) 0.268
Cyanosis n (%) 3(3.4) 3(5.5) 0 (0.0) 1(50.0) 7(5.3) 0.07
Poor feeding n (%) 48(56.5) 10(32.3) 3(30.0) 0 61(47.7) 0.029
Diarrhea n (%) 14(16.5) 4(12.9) 3(30.0) 0 21(16.4) 0.606
Vomiting n (%) 25(29.4) 8(25.8) 1(10.0) 1(50.0) 35(27.3) 0.461
Severe Pneumonia n (%) 35(41.2) 18(58.1) 7(70.0) 1(50.0) 61(47.7) 0.142
Very severe Pneumonia n (%) 50(58.8) 13(41.9) 3(30.0) 1(50.0) 67(52.3) 0.142
  1. * p-values determined assuming the null hypothesis that the proportions of the clinical presentations are uniform among the various subgroups (i.e. none, viral, bacterial or bacterial and viral infections) for categorical variables or their medians for continuous clinical variables