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Table 2 Percent prevalence rates of HBV in Healthy Blood donors.

From: Hepatitis B virus in Pakistan: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, awareness status and genotypes

Population type Region Methods Population size HBV positive (%) HBV marker Reference
Healthy Blood Donors Kurram Agency ICT 1300 5.07% HBsAg Bangash et al. [26] 2009
  Interior
Sindh
ICT 5345 6.2% HBsAg Mujeeb & Pearce, [27] 2008
  Karachi ICT 11459 1.71% HBsAg Nazar et al. [28] 2008
  Karachi ICT 688 4.50% HBsAg Azam et al. [29] 2007
  Northern areas ICT 8949 3.66% HBsAg Alam & Naeem, [30] 2007
  Karachi ICT 21,125 3.3% HBsAg Mujeeb & Pearce, [31] 2007
  District Thatta ICT 310 5.81% HBsAg Ishaq et al. [32] 2007
  Southern Punjab ICT, ELISA 27938 2.69% HBsAg Khan et al. [33] 2006
  Lahore ICT 18216 3.36% HBsAg Sirhindi et al. [34] 2005
  Karachi ELISA 351309 2.0% HBsAg Akhtar et al. [35] 2005
  Peshawar/
KPK
MEIA 4000 1.9% HBsAg Ahmad et al. [36] 2004
  Rawalpindi ICT 580 5.86% HBsAg Mumtaz et al. [37] 2002
  Northern Pakistan ELISA 103858 3.3% HBsAg Khattak et al. [38] 2002
  Bahawalpur LAT, ICT 345 5.64% HBsAg Fayyaz et al. [39] 2002
  1. LAT: Latex agglutination test